Welsh poetry -- 18th century



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Welsh poetry -- 18th century

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Welsh poetry -- 18th century

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' Y Gell Gymysg',

A miscellany of prose and verse lettered 'Pigion' but known as 'Y Gell Gymysg', most of it in the hand of Thomas Evans ('Tomos Glyn Cothi'), minister, poet and author, but with 'Trioedd yr Offeiriad', on pp. 209-14, by and in the autograph of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Also included are poems by Edward Richard, Ystrad Meurig, William Moses ('neu Gwilim Tew, o Glyn Tâf'), Howel Prichard, Edward Evans, Ton Coch, Lewis Hopkin, William Harr[i], Llwyn-onn, William Davies (alias 'Wm. Dafydd Abercwmyfuwch, Gerllaw Pen y bont ar ogwr'), David Davis, Castell Hywel, Lewis Williams ('y Bardd Bach'), Jonathan Hughes, Huw Mor[y]s, Huw Gruffydd ('Gynt o Lwyn y brain Meirionydd'), John Jenkins ('Sion y Bardd bach Aberteifi'), Rees John, 'Weaver', John Howels, J. Morgans, James Davies ('Iago ap Dewi'), F[fowc] Prys, etc. Daniel Lleufer Thomas has inserted a comprehensive note relating to 'Tomos Glyn Cothi' and to the contents at the beginning of the volume. 'Tomos Glyn Cothi' has included in the volume several transcripts from contemporary journals.

Tomos Glyn Cothi, Iolo Morganwg and Daniel Lleufer Thomas.

A commonplace book

A commonplace book of John Harris of Cwmdauddwr, Radnorshire, containing a few poems in Welsh, sheep-shearing records, and other farming memoranda.

A Display of Herauldry; Dosparth Edeyrn Dafawd Aur; etc.

A manuscript in the hand of David Richards ('Dewi Silin') containing transcripts of John Davies: A Display of Herauldry (Salop, 1716); 'cywyddau' and 'englynion' by Hugh Morys; 'Edeyrn Dafawd aur' (see Cwrtmawr MS 233); 'cywyddau' by Ieuan ab Hywel Swrdwal and Gruffudd ab Ieuan ab Llywelyn, and 'Chwedl Rhitta Gawr' from a transcript by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of a manuscript of James Davies ('Iaco ap Dewi'); a 'Letter from Mr Owen [William Owen-Pughe], Author of the Welsh and English Dictionary, containing Remarks on the Structure of the Welsh Language, and on the Characteristic of the Gwentian Dialect ...', printed in William Coxe: An Historical Tour in Monmouthshire, part II (London, 1801), pp. 405-7; and 'cywyddau', an 'awdl' and 'englynion' by Hugh Morys, Jno. Davies ('o'r Rhiwlas'), William Miltwn, Doctor Sion Kent, Simwnt Fychan, Richart Phylip, Sion Philip and Sion Cain, and incomplete poems. Pasted on the inside lower cover is an imperfect printed prospectus of Seren Gomer, 1813.

A sketch of the history of Wales, etc. (in three parts),

Notes on Welsh history to the 15th century; a copy of the speech of Baron Pryce in Parliament for the repeal of the grant of Welsh manors to the Earl of Portland; and Welsh poetry by Lewis Morris and Griffith Parry. 18th century.

A copy by Richard Roberts of a description of Harlech Castle by Robert Roberts of Hendrecoed. 18th century.

A list of peers, royal officers, fees in the courts at Westminster, officers and fees of the royal household, constables, etc.

Richard Roberts and others.

Accounts, poetry, etc.

A volume (212 pp., several of which are blank) originally intended for use as a ledger, written in several hands and containing accounts, 1766-8 (webs, rye, butter, barley, etc. [?Dolgellau district, with references to Penllyn and Trawsfynydd]); a few medical recipes; stanzas of verse beginning 'Gwrando' nghariad ar fy nghwynion ...' (incomplete); the first twelve stanzas of a poem written by John Williams, St Athan, after the expulsion of Peter Williams, 1791 (cf. the printed version, 1793, of 'Can diddarfod'); a weaver's patterns; a copy of part of a herbal, Aneth - Pren Bocs (cf. Llysieulyfr Meddyginiaethol a briodolir i William Salesbury, ed. E. Stanton Roberts (Liverpool: Hugh Evans & Sons. 1916), p. 249; accounts, 1829-30, headed 'Account of the Factory's work from the 12 of Novr. 1829'; part of a treatise in Welsh on physiognomy (?possibly a translation as it contains quotations in English verse); and verses by Cadwalader Thomas and 'englynion' by Evan Elis 'I Factory Cefnddwysarn a adeiladwyd yn un cyntaf yn mhenllyn'. At the reverse end are notes in Welsh on the theory of music and a draft (in pencil) of the will of John Cadwalader of Tyllwyd in the parish of Llan D...., Merioneth, 1823, etc. Among loose papers are two bills (one mutilated), 1830, to Ebenezer Williams, Cefnddwysarn for spinning, etc.

Adysgrifau 'Manoethwy',

A composite volume of transcripts in the hand of Owen Jones ('Manoethwy'). The contents include 'cywyddau', 'awdlau', 'englynion', 'carolau' and 'cerddi' by Ifan Tew Brydydd, Hari ap Howel alias Harri Hir, Wiliam Cynwal, Sion Tudur, Morus Dwyfech, Gruffudd Hiraethog, Sr. Dafydd Llwyd Ysgolhaig, Llywelyn ap Gytyn, Guto'r Glyn, Hywel D'd Bevan ap Rhys ('o Sir Fon'), Rhydderch ap Sion, Dafydd Nanmor, Rhys Goch o Eryri, Huw Arwystl, Morys ap Ifan ap Einion ('Morus Dwyfach Medd MS arall') Sr. Dafydd Trefor ('Dr. John Kent ... Medd MSS M.P.', 'Sion Dafydd Trefor ... Medd MSS L.O.'), Howel ap Reinalld, Mredydd ap Rhys, Gruffudd D'd ap Howel, Rhisiart ap Howel Da 'Beinion, Bedo Phylip Bach ('Rhai a ddywaid mae Deio ap I'n Du ai Cant... '), Huw Pennant, Sion y Kent, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Edward Maelor '('Mae'n debig mae Edward ap Rhys Maelor ydyw Hwn... '), Dafydd ap Gwilim, Iolo Goch, Simwnt Vychan, Sr. Huw Jones ('Vicar Llanfair ynyffryn Clwyd'), Tudur Aled, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llew ap Gruff., Sion Brwynog, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Taliesyn Aneurin G[wawdrydd], Maer Glas ('medd rhai'), Robin Ddu, Owain Twna, Dafydd Gorllech, Ifan Brydydd Hir, Edward [ap Rhys], Ie : Dyfi, Llywelyn ap Owain, Thomas Prys ('o Blasiolyn Esquire'), Edmund Prys, G[ruffydd] Philip, W. Elias (1730), Owain Gruffydd, Gruffydd Nannau (1654), Owain Gwynedd, Thomas Owen (1730), William Llyn, Tudur Penllyn, Huw Kae Llwyd, Llywelyn Goch Amheurig Hen, Edward Davies (Rhiwlas), Rich. Abram, Moris ab Evan ab David, Cadwaladr Roberts (ab Robert), Dafydd ab Sienkin, Richard [Davies] ('Esgob Dewi'), Ragiar [sic] Kyffin, Huw Morys, Arthur Jones (1734), Mathew Owain, Ellis Cadwaladr, Moris Rhobert ('o Sir Feirionydd'), Thomas Davies ('o Sir Drefaldwyn'), Robert Cadwalad[r] ('o Blwy Pennant'), Richd. Thomas D'd ('o Sir Fon'), Richard Ffoulkes, John Edwards, John Hughes, Moris ab Evan ap Dafydd ('o Lanoge'), Sion Ffoulke, Sion ab William Griffith ('o Lanfihangel ... '), Sion Phylip, G[ruffudd] Leiaf, D. Sion, W[iliam] Phylip, Rhisiart Philyp, H. ab Evan, [John Davies] 'Sion Davydd Las', Lewis Owain, Morgan Dafydd, Edwart Morris and Robert Klidro, and anonymous poems; 'englynion', etc. by contemporary poets, largely of the Richards (Darowen) circle of friends e.g. John Evans ('Ioan Maelor'), W[alte]r Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'),' R[ober]t Davies ['Bardd Nantglyn'], 'G. Brwynog', R[owland] P[arry] (Carndochan), H. K. (1851), Phoebe neu Eunice Jones (Llynlleifiad), [Peter Jones] 'Pedr Fardd', [William Edwards] 'Gwilym Padarn', [Morris Jones] 'Meurig Idris' and J. Blackwell ('Alun'), and anonymous poems; 'Sidanen Or a Song in Praise of the Glorious Queen Elizabeth' by Edward ap Rhys Wynne ap William Prys of Clygyrog, 'The meritorious gratulation of Esqr. Strangways to Llangedwyn ...' by John Davies, and anonymous English poems; prose texts, in some cases two copies, of 'Tri thlws ar ddeg o Frenindlysau Ynys Brydain ... ', 'Drygioni Medd'dod', 'Dewis bethau Howel lygad Cwsg', 'Trws'neiddrwydd Gruffydd ap Adda ap D'd', 'Achau Llewelyn ap Gruffydd y Tywysog diwaethaf o'r Cymru', 'Ymddiddanion ffraethion Cynhengras a fu rhwng y Pawn bach o Wickwair yn y Rhôs Is Conwy a Gwgon o Gaer Einion y Mhowys. A elwir yn gyffredin Araith Wgon', 'Cronigl Cymru a Lloy(e)gr yn amgyffred fal y treuthir isod' (with an additional 'narration' by Rice Jones), 'Taliesin a'i traethodd', 'Rhwng Merddin a Gwenddydd ei chwaer' and 'Merddin a Gwenddydd', 'The Most noted Poems in Mr Bulkeley of Brynddu's Collection' (now NLW MS832); 'An account of the wages paid the workemen for raissing a fence upon Ceiriog under Pentre gwyn a Tenem[en]t of the Hond. John Myddelton Esqr.', with a covering letter from Richd. Ffoulkes (transcribed from Cwrtmawr MS 222, p. 57v.); a power of attorney from Oliv[er] Thomas, Shrewsbury, yeoman to John Thomas Rees, Llanymowthwey, Merioneth, yeoman, 1674 (original in Cwrtmawr MS 222, p. 61) and a letter relating thereto from Robert Vaughan, Salop to John Thomas Rees (original in Cwrtmawr MS74, No. 3); records of the births and baptisms, 1712-33 [at Llansilin], of the children of Richard Ffoulkes (original in Cwrtmawr MS 222, p. 60v); transcripts of fifty-nine letters of Walter Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'), 1793-1831 and undated, largely addressed to Thomas Richards at Berriew and Llangynyw; a prospectus, 1793, of 'Celtic Remains' in two volumes, the first by 'the Late Lewis Morris Esq.' and the second by Walter Davies, All-Souls College, Oxford; letters largely to Thomas Richards, Berriew and Llangynyw or David Richards ('Dewi Silin') from Peter Bayley Williams, Llanrug, 1828, John Jones ('Tegyd'), Christ Church, Oxford, 1819-22 and undated, W[illiam van Mildert] bishop of Llandaff, 1822, D. Davies, Chester, 1825, Wm. Owen Pughe, London, 1812-19, Ebenezer Thomas ('Eben Fardd'), Llangybi, 1824, Robt. Parry ('Robyn Ddu Eryri'), 1824 and undated, Tho. Jones, Long Acre, London, 1825, W. Owen ('Eos Glan Hafren'), Newtown, 1824, John Roberts, Tremeirchion, 1822, Robt. Davies ['Bardd Nantglyn'], 1825 and undated, and A[neurin] Owen, [Nantglyn], 1821; a list of titles and first couplets of the poems of Dafydd ap Gwilym; 'Llyma henwe y 24 brenin or brutanied... ' (originally from a manuscript of William Thomas, Llanallgo). Inset at the end of the volume are transcripts of Montgomeryshire pedigrees, etc. Much of the material in the volume has been transcribed from other volumes now in the Cwrtmawr Collection (e.g. MSS 200, 222, 242 and 243) and there are references to such sources as 'un o lyfrau Maesglas Mallwyd' (transcribed in 1857) (p. 269), a manuscript in the hand of Robert Arthur (p. 342), 'Llyfr ym meddiant Lowri Jones' (p. 380), etc. A note pasted on the inside of the upper cover states 'This Vol. was copied by Owen Jones (brother of Myrddin Fardd) from a MS Vol. ... in the handwriting of Lewis Morris [Cwrtmawr MS 200] now at Bryntanad, Llanerfyl Montgomerys[hire] (Richards) E. Breese'. Owen Jones was for a short time a private tutor at BrynTanad (see The Dictionary of Welsh Biography). The spine is lettered 'Mannoethwy MSS'.

Adysgrifau 'Manoethwy',

A composite volume of transcripts in the hand of Owen Jones ('Manoethwy'). The contents include 'cywyddau', 'englynion', 'carolau', etc. by John Cent, Meredydd ab Rhys, Guto o'r Glyn, Gruffydd Hiraethog, [Gruffyth ap Ievan ap Lle'n Vychan], Ieuan ap Gruffydd Leia, Dafydd ab Edmwnt, Sr. Rys ap Hary, Tudur Aled, Ieuan Lla[far], Huw Llwyd Cynfal, [ ] Llwyd, Morys ap Ieuan ap D'd, Hugh ap Morys, Sion Phylip, R[obert] Leiaf, G[ruffydd] P[hilip], Gronwy Owain, Jonathan Hughes, Edward Urien, Rowland Fychan, Ifan Llwyd, Sion Tudur, Dafydd Llwyd Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, Llywelyn ap Gutyn, Syr Rhys Carno, Edward Morys, Wmffre Dafydd ap Ifan, Lewis Owen, Rowland Owen, John Vaughan (Caer-gai), William Phylip, Dafydd Nanmor, Robin Ddu o Fôn, John Owen (1668), Bedo Brwynllysg, Jon. Phylip, Dafydd ab Ifan ab Owen, John Brwynog, Rowland Prys, John Davies ['Siôn Dafydd Las'], Sion Dafydd, Huw Morys, Oliver Roger, Ellis Wynne, Rees Evan, William Hwffra [recte Humphreys], Robert Owen, [Dafydd?] Cadwaladr and Dafydd Dafis, and anonymous poems; 'englynion', etc., mainly by poets of the Richards (Darowen) cycle of friends e.g. [Evan Evans] '[Ieuan] Glan Geirionydd', [William Jones] 'Gwilym Cawrdaf', [Rowland Parry] 'Ieuan Carn Dochan', Evan Jones (Darowen), Sion Powel, [Henry Griffith] 'Harri Goch o Wynedd', E. Lewis ('Ab Dewi'), Robert Parry (Eglwys-bach), [Morris Jones] 'Meurig Idris', Walter Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'), 'I. ab Iorwerth', David Richards ('Dewi Silin'), W. H., John Prys (Pennant Mawddwy), Robert Davies (Nantglyn), [John Jones] 'Myllin', Dafydd Ellis (Llan y Mawddwy), William Owen, John Roberts (Hersedd), [Hugh Jones] 'H[uw] Erfyl', John Morgan [Glanfread, Ceredigion], Evan Evans (Arwydd yr Arth, Trallwm), [John Jones] 'Ioan Tegyd', [Benjamin Jones] 'P. A. Mon', Lewis Williams (Cefn Bachedydd), John Blackwell ('Alun'), etc., and anonymous poems; letters from W[alter] D[avies] ('Gwallter Mechain') to the Reverend T[homas] Richards, Berriew School, 1824, and John Blackwell ('Alun') to D[avid] Richards, Llansilin, undated, a pedigree of Dr John Davies, 'person Mallwyd'; 'Achau y Brenin' [a pedigree of King Edward VI]; essays on 'Cywyddau Serch', 'Araith Gwgan' and 'Cyfeillach' (1862); etc. Much of the material has been transcribed from Cwrtmawr MSS 207, 238, and 243. The volume is lettered 'Mannoethwy MSS'.

Agriculture of Glamorgan, etc.,

A composite volume consisting of previously separate, home-made booklets containing material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound into one volume). P. 11 (probably the 'title-page' of the section now paginated 13-100) is inscribed 'General View of the Agriculture of the County of Glamorgan, 1796', and is followed (pp. 13-100) by an incomplete essay on the said county [by Edward Williams]. This essay contains four chapters with sectional sub-headings 'Situation, Extent, etc.', '[Divisions and] Market Towns', 'Climate', 'Soil and Surface', 'Minerals', 'Water' (rivers, springs), 'State of Property' (mode of tenure, a list of the principal landholders), 'Buildings' (building materials, a list of the seats of landed gentry, a description of a typical farmhouse, outbuildings, cottages, etc.), 'Size of farms and character of farmers', 'Rent', and 'Tithes'. P. 101 bears the inscription 'Antiquities of Lantwit Major in the County of Glamorgan. Collected from various Documents. By Edward Williams. 1800', and is followed (pp. 105-39) by material relating to St. Illtud and the monastery and monastic school at Llanilltud, descriptions of inscribed stones at Llanilltud, and details of a twelve- point plan for setting up a committee and employing salaried research workers to supervise and undertake research for a history of the county of Glamorgan. A good deal of the material relating to Llanilltud is allegedly taken from an account compiled by the Reverend David Nichols, M.A., in 1729, and the whole of the contents of pp. 105-39 is presented in the form of a letter [from Edward Williams] to David Thomas, esqr., at Bath, 20 October 1798 (see IM, t. 307). P. 165 is inscribed 'Collection for the History of Dunraven, 1814', and is followed (pp. 169-87) by miscellaneous historical, pseudo-historical, and genealogical material relating to Dunraven Castle [co. Glamorgan] and its owners, and to Bran Vendigaid ap Llyr and his son Caradog (Caractacus) both of whom allegedly resided at Dunraven, (p. 188) an outline scheme or chapter headings for a proposed history of Dunraven Castle, and (on two unnumbered leaves between p. 188 and p. 189) a copy of a letter, ? 2 February 1818, from [Edward Williams] from Keven Cribor [co. Glamorgan], to Mrs. Wyndham of Dunraven Castle relating to the writer's research work concerning the said seat and the notes he was forwarding. Pp. 211-17 contain an incomplete copy of 'An Account of the cause of the conquest of Glamorgan by Sir Robert Fitz Haymon and his twelve Knights by Sir Edward Mansell of Margam, Knight' (for this and a fuller 'account' attributed to the same author in NLW MS 13161A (Llanover C. 74) see TLLM, tt. 200-03). P. 251 is inscribed 'List of Sheriffs and Und[er]sheriffs For the County of Glamorgan From the year 1541 To the year (blank) From a MS. in the Possession of the Revd. Mr. Davies of Wenvoe . . . 1808', and is followed ( pp. 255-71) by the said list for the period 1541-1808. Other items in the volume include extracts from a biographical dictionary (1798) relating to the English poet John Gower, Robert of Gloucester (temp. Henry II), and [Thomas] Sternhold (ob. 1549) (pp. 155-6); further notes relating to Dunraven Castle (p. 190); an extract from a letter from W. Davies to O. Jones, 1792 (p. 195); anecdotes relating to the brothers Richard and William Twrch and the building of a porch at Bewper [co. Glamorgan] (see also NLW MSS 13089E, 13103B, and IM, tt. 272-3) (pp. 205-07); a list of 'Castles in Gower' (p. 232); notes on birds (unnumbered leaf between p. 232 and p. 233); a note on the construction of a wheelbarrow (p. 233); a copy of an 'englyn' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', etc. (p. 234); a copy of the inscription on the tomb of Edward Pritchard, rector of Flimnston (sic) [co. Glamorgan], ob. 1742, and his wife Margaret, ob. 1707/08, in Trefemin (Flemingston) church (p. 235); notes on Caer Fule, a Roman fortification near St. Olave's Church, Newport, and Trefela, a village in the parish of Llangwm near Usk (p. 236); a note on the rocks in Glam[organshire] (p. 237); copies of an 'englyn' and a six-line stanza of Welsh verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (p. 238); brief notes referring to Jenkin Jones of Llangyfelach, 'minister of a Catabaptistical Congregation circa anno 1649', [William] Erbury, Walter Caradoc, Samuel Jones of Bryn Llywarch, and Morgan Llwyd (p. 239); a note on Huw Spencer, the younger, and his building activities in Glamorgan, ? temp. Edward II (p. 240); a list of Welsh superstitions ('Ofergoelion Gwlad Gymru') (p. 242 ); and notes on an outbreak of plague at Drenewydd Notais (Newton Nottage) [co. Glamorgan], circa 1620-1630 (p. 243).

'Ail Biser Sioned',

  • NLW MS 9047A.
  • File
  • [1724x1800] /

A collection of poems, medical and veterinary recipes, and miscellanea entitled 'Ail Biser Sioned sef Casgliad Cadwalader Davies [Gwyddelwern] wrth ei bleser . . .', with some additions. The poems include 'carolau', 'cerddi', 'cywyddau' and 'englynion' by Hugh Morys, Dafydd Nanmor, Maredudd ap Rhys, William Wynne, John [Siôn] Cadwaladr, Jonathan Hughes, Lewis Morris ('Llywelyn Ddu'), Ellis Roberts, Rees Ellis, Roger Thomley, Ellis Cadwaladr, Matthew Owen, Edmwnd Prys, Dafydd Manuel and others. A valentine from Cadwaladr Davies to Jane Jones is dated 14 February 1749.

Davies, Cadwaladr, b. 1704

Album of 'Gwalchmai',

  • NLW MS 10993C.
  • File
  • [1830x1899] /

An album compiled by Richard Parry ('Gwalchmai'), Congregational minister, poet, and litterateur, of Llandudno, etc. It contains holograph letters from, amongst others, Thomas Dick, 1848; W. Williams ('Williams o'r Wern'), 1839; and Taliesin Williams, 1839; autographs, largely in the form of cut-out signatures of letters, of, amongst others, Richard Cobden; George Hadfield, politician; Daniel O'Connell; [Sir Thomas] Love [Duncombe] Jones Parry; Richard Llwyd ('Bard of Snowdon'); Ebenezer Thomas ('Eben Fardd'); John Jones ('Talhaiarn'); John Williams ('Ab Ithel'); Samuel Roberts ('S. R.'); John Thomas ('Pencerdd Gwalia'); Augusta Hall, baroness Llanover ('Gwenynen Gwent'); Christmas Evans; J[ohn] Jones ('Tegid'); David Thomas ('Dafydd Ddu Eryri'); Brinley Richards, 1879; Joseph Hughes ('Carn Ingli'); and John Williams ('Ab Ithel'); verses in the hand of, and in most cases composed by, amongst others, Ebenezer Thomas ('Eben Fardd'), 1851; David Griffith ('Clwydfardd'), 1874; E. Herber Evans, [18]77; Rowland Williams ('Hwfa Môn'), 1869; Richard Parry ('Gwalchmai'), ?1871; Richard Davies ('Mynyddog'), 1870; J[ohn] Thomas ('Siôn Wyn o Eifion'), 1836; William Rees ('Gwilym Hiraethog'), 1870; Lewis Morris ('Llywelyn Ddu o Fôn'); David Owen ('Dewi Wyn o Eifion'), 1836; W. Cadwaladr Davies, [18]74; and T. Tudno Jones ('Tudno'), 1875-1894; the certificate, 1843, of the election of Richard Parry ('Gwalchmai') to membership of Cymdeithas Cymreigyddion y Fenni; a biographical note on, and a blazon of the arms of, Hwfa ap Cynddelw, head of the first of the fifteen tribes of North Wales; a pardon, bearing the signature of [Sir] R[obert] Peel, 1830; etc.

Gwalchmai, 1803-1897

Amryw o lyfrgell Owen Jones,

Miscellaneous notebooks and unbound papers from the library of, and largely in the hand of, Owen Jones (1833-99), Calvinistic Methodist minister, man of letters, book collector and bibliographer, of Liverpool and Llansantffraid-ym-Mechain, Montgomeryshire. They include a fragment of a late eighteenth century manuscript containing 'Carol Plygain' by John Cadwaladr, verses by Ellis William, Llwunc[y]nfal, etc. ('Howel Jones his Book ... 1792,' 'Howel Jones Llwyncunfal ... ber 1792'); a volume of poetry including three libretti entitled 'Samson (Cyfieithiad o waith [John] Mil[ton]', 'Deborah' ('Finis May 4th 1861') and 'Y Cread' ('11/3/62'), and Welsh and English originals and translations, 1860-3 (e.g. 'The Hymns of A[nn] G[riffiths] rendered into English', 'Gray's Elegy'); a draft list of 'Hen Ddiarhebion' [old Welsh proverbs] rendered into Welsh verse (nos 1-540; one section dated 3 March [18]63); copious draft bibliographies of prose and poetry works by individual Welsh authors; etc. The material was originally tied in a brown paper wrapper inscribed by J[ohn] B[allinger], 'Library of the late Rev. Owen Jones, notes lent to Mr J. H. Davies by Miss Janet Jones, & by him deposited in the N[ational] L[ibrary of Wales]. 15-12-[19]09'.


A copy of Hugo Grotius, Gwirionedd y grefydd Grist'nogol ... a gyfieithwyd gan Edward Samuel ... (Y Mwythig: John Rhydderch, 1716), with eight folios stitched in at the beginning of the volume containing verse and prose in the hand of Thomas Williams, 'Merchant Taylor', 1753-1756, including a Welsh version of the legend of the Wandering Jew (ff. i-v) and 'Englynion i bont llanrwst', 1635, attributed to 'John Roger, wever of llwyn Bleuddun in llan-llechid Parish' (f. viir-v). Transcripts of poetry by Rhys Prichard, vicar of Llandovery, and other verse also appear on pp. 2, 13-16 of the printed work.

Edward Samuel, Thomas Williams and others.


A table of British Chronology from Brutus to Caswallawn in the autograph of John Thomas, Tu hwnt i'r bwlch; an account of a tour from London to Falmouth, 1759; 'Marwnad John Griffith Yswain diweddar o Gefnamwlch' by Ifan ab Risiat alias Ieuan Lleyn, 1794; poems written between 1861 and 1864 by Owen Gethin Jones; and an essay 'Cyfiawnder yn safon cadwedigaeth' submitted for competition at Arwest Glan Geirionydd, undated.

John Thomas, Ieuan Lleyn, Owen Gethin Jones and others.


A manuscript volume with the title 'AMRYW' in gold lettering on the spine. Written throughout by William Owen [-Pughe], the manuscript contains transcripts of parts of two older manuscripts, the one in the hand of Lewis Morris [B.M. Add. MS 14908, ff. 36-58], and the other in the hand of Owen Jones, 'Owain Myfyr' [B.M. Add. MS 15020, pp. 1-5, 7-12, 27-8, 33- 5, 44-5, 52-8, 67-70, 93-107, 109-15, 117-23]. The first item in the present manuscript, pp. 1-39, is a transcript of the Statute of Rhuddlan, 'Ystatus Rhuddlan yw hon. A.D. 1283', copied from Lewis Morris's manuscript, which is in turn a copy of a vellum manuscript in the Hengwrt library, which he transcribed in 1738 [i.e. Peniarth MS 41]. The remainder of the present manuscript is copied from B.M. Add. MS 15020, pp. 49-50, 'Rhif Carennydd'; pp. 50-52, 'Llyma y 24 gore, y rhai sy'n ddysg ac yn siampl dda'; p. 53, 'Tri anrhaith Marx Ynys Prydain Mr. Morris o'r Ll. Dû o Gaerfyrddin, Tri Thrin Eddystir Ynys Prydain, Tri Gohoew Eddystir Ynys Prydain, Tri hoew Eddystir Ynys Prydain'; p. 54, 'Cis ddynion Selyf ddoeth'; p. 55, 'Câs Bethau Owen Cyfeiliog'; pp. 56-9, 'Arthur a'i Farchogion (o Lyfr Lewis Dwnn), 3 Aur dafodiawg Farxawg, 3 Marxog Gwyryf, oedd yn Llys Arthur, 3 Chad Farxog, 3 Lledrithiog Farxog, 3 Brenhinawl Farxog, 3 Chyfion Farxog, 3 Gwrthyniad Farchog, 3 Chynghoriad Farxog'; p. 60, 'Pum maib Cenau ap Coel hen ap Riodawr [sic] o'r Gogledd'; pp. 61-3, 'Plant Llowarx hen o fwy nag un wraig, Plant Owain hael ap Urien, Plant Llew ap Cynfarx, Meibion Cynwyd Cynwydion, Plant Urien Reged, Plant Cynfarx'; pp. 64-6, 'Tri thlws ar ddêg ynys Brydain a roed i Daliesin hen Beirdd'; p. 67, 'Saith Gyneddf Gwr dewisol - Taliesin a'i Dywawd'; p. 67, 'Nattur Meddwdod (allan o Dlysau'r hen Oesoedd gan Lewis Morris Yswain)'; pp. 68- 75, 'Llyma Trioedd Arbennig, Trioedd Serch, Trioedd Taliesin, Trioedd Mab y Crinwas'; p. 76, 'Llymma Leoedd ynghorph Dyn y bydd swrn gyneddfau ynddynt'; p. 76, 'Geiriau Gwir Cattw ddoeth'; p. 77, 'Saith ymofynion saith o wyr doethion, ac atteb pob un i'w gilydd'; p. 78, 'Geiriau Gwir'; pp. 79-88, 'Hanes yr Ymrysongerdd rhwng Edmwnt Prys Arxdiagon Meirionydd a Wiliam Cynwal prydydd ac Arwyddfardd - (Ll. Gwyrdd R. Morris Esq.)' [cf. Y Greal (Llundain, 1805), tt. 9-13]; pp. 89-119, 'Damhegion a 'sgrifenwyd ar Femrwn ynghylch y Flwyddyn 1300 - adgrifenwyd [sic] 1769. O. Jones - a minnau 'sgrifenais o Lyfr O. Jones, 1783 - Gwilym Owain', [cf. Y Greal ( Llundain, 1806-1807), tt. 322-9, 366, 279-80, 366-70, and also in Ifor Williams, Chwedlau Odo (Caerdydd, 1957), tt. 1-8, 11-23]; pp. 120-5, 'Copïau o Gwynion fal y maent yn Ysgrifenedig o law Guttyn Owain, gyd â Mr. Trefor, Tref Alun, Cwyn Camgroes, Cwyn torr Croes, Cwyn Anghyfarx, Cwyn Amobr, Cwyn sarhaed', [cf. Y Greal (Llundain, 1806), tt. 321-2, 281, 322]; pp. 126-8, 'Goleufynag o rai Henwau gan y Parchedig Mr. Dav. Jones 1572 - allan o Lythyrau y Parx. Sion Morgan at Moses Williams - Mai 3. 1714'; p. 128, 'Englynion [3] yn rhagymadrodd Llyfr L. Dwnn', beginning 'Fe ddenfyn Duw gwyn da i gyd - a fo raid . . .', with the ascription 'Lewis Dwnn 1606'; p. 129, five 'englynion' entitled 'I'r Pedwar Gwynt' by 'Simwnt Fyxan. Pencerdd', beginning 'Dwyrain dwymyn syx lle'r ymdeurydd, - llu . . .'; p. 130, an 'englyn' entitled 'I Delyn' ('Dd. Ellis a'i cant Jes. Coll. Oxon from Meirion but qu. Revd. Gro. Owen's hand writing. R.M.') beginning 'Difyrrwx di drwx di drais - tawelaidd . . .'; and pp. 130-33, 'Cywydd o waith y Parxedig Sion Morgan i Moses Williams', beginning 'Moes yn awr, wr mawr, i mi, . . .', followed by the note: 'Danfonodd y Cywydd hwn fal y mae heb ei orphen mewn Llythyr i M. Williams yn Nhy Mr. Thomas, Crane Court Fleet Street London - Dyddiedig Odd. Ionawr 1717'. Tipped in on p. 135 is a note, 17 July 1823, referring to Mrs. Townley and Captain Tuck.

William Owen-Pughe.


Miscellaneous prose and verse including holograph poems on 'Dirwest' and 'Rhyddid' by Robert Parry ('Robyn Ddu Eryri'); a copy of an elegy on the death of Watkin Wynne of Voelas, 1774, by John Thomas, Pentrefoelas; 'pryddest: Paul yn Areopagus' submitted by 'Z.Y.Z.' for competition at the Tabernacle Eisteddfod, Pontypridd, 1862; 'Molawd i'r Iaith Gymraeg' (beginning 'Chwi hoff frodorion Cymru dirion'); a note by Owen M. Edwards on Gwen Jones, Panty March, Llangower, 1879; jottings by Owen M. Edwards of discussions at Lincoln College, Oxford, 1905-1906; a typescript copy of a letter by Owen M. Edwards from Geneva, printed in Y Goleuad, 31 Rhagfyr 1887; a note by Charles Ashton on a seventeenth century Welsh manuscript in his possession, 1891; a fragment entitled 'Gweledigaeth y Babell Wag'; 'Lloffion Llenyddol Mawddwy'; the first sheet of a letter on education in Anglesey, with a carol beginning 'Sain Hosanna Haleliwia'; and a sheet of sermon notes.

O. M. Edwards and others.


Miscellaneous poetry- 'Hiraeth am fy hen Wlad'; 'Cywydd i'w Fawrhydi Sior IV ar ei daith i ymweled a Chymru . . . 1821', by David Owen ('Dewi Wyn o Eifion'); 'Carol Nadolig' by W. Parry, Panthwfa; and two sheets (pp. 57-60) from an eighteenth century manuscript containing 'cywyddau' by Wiliam Llŷn.

Wyn, Dewi, 1784-1841


A volume entitled 'Amrywiaethau' on the spine, and 'Amrywion sev o gynnulliad Idrison' [i.e. William Owen-Pughe] on the fly-leaf. The contents, a miscellaneous collection of prose and poetry, include: pp. 1-8, four 'cywyddau' attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym and others; pp. 9-10, 'Can y Mai, ar fesur Awdlgywydd o waith Gwilym Tew, medd Llyfr Lewys Hopkyn'; pp. 11-14, a transcript of 'Annerch-lythr Gronwy Owain Len at William Elias o Blâs y Glyn, Llanfwrog ym Môn', dated at Donnington, 30 Nov. 1751; pp. 15-17, English translation by W[illiam] O[wen-Pughe] of a poem by Taliesin entitled 'Gwaith Gwenystrad', and of another (pp. 18-21) beginning: 'Teithi edmygant yn Nyffryn Garant . . .'; pp. 22-25, an incomplete transcript of 'Gorhoffet Gwalchmei'; pp. 32-34, 'Emyn Ambros ac Awstin, yr hwn a elwir y Te Deum o gyfieithiad Dafydd ddu o Hiraddug'; p. 35, 'Darneb yn iaith Phoenicia yn Llythyrenau Seisnig'; p. 36, part of the tale of Manawydan fab Llyr (cf. Ifor Williams, Pedeir Keinc y Mabinogi (Caerdydd, 1951), t. 52); pp. 37-40, 'Memorandums from Whartons History of English Poetry'; p. 41, 'Enwau Duw', Hebrew terms for God with Welsh equivalents; p. 42, a further Hebrew-Welsh vocabulary; p. 43, a note concerning Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], Edward Evan of Aberdare (ob. 1798) and their knowledge of 'Cyfrinach y Beirdd'; p. 44, 'tribannau' attributed to Sion Rhys o Ystrad Dyvodwg and Ed. William o Lantrisaint (cf. Tegwyn Jones, Tribannau Morgannwg (Llandysul, 1976), no. 334); pp. 45-50, 'Awdyl Cyflafan y Beirdd, Testyn Dinbych - 1792', beginning 'Deffro duedd dew ffrwd awen - o'th fedd . . .' by ?B.C.; pp. 53-55, a copy of a letter dated at London, 1 Oct. 1788, from William Owen to Mr. George Riveley, Portsmouth in Virginia; pp. 59-63, 'Hymn to Narayena' by Sir William Jones, beginning 'Spirit of spirits, who, thro' every part . . .'; pp. 64-66, copy of a letter written by [William Owen-Pughe] from London, 22 April 1789, recipient uncited; pp. 67-71, copy of a letter from William Owen [- Pughe] to Thomas Pennant, esq., dated 22 April 1789; p. 73, a remedy for a cold; p. 75, extract from a poem, 'the Pleasures of Memory', beginning 'The father strew'd his white hairs in the wind . . .'; pp. 77-79, a prose translation of 'Ymbil ar Ddwynwen . . .' (see Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Gwilym (Llundain, 1789), t. 154) entitled 'The Invocation of Saint Dwynwen '; pp. 83-85, transcript of a letter from J. G. Boccius, dated at Leipzig, 19 Oct. 1793, to [William Owen-Pughe], followed by a list of Wendish words with Latin equivalents; pp. 85-88, transcript of a letter from Dr. [Carl Gottlieb] Anton, dated at Gorliz in Ober Lausiz, 2 Aug. [17]94, written in French (for the original see NLW MS 13223C, p. 145); pp. 88-95, copy of a letter written by W[illiam] O[wen-Pughe] from London, 20 Jan. 1796, in reply to Dr. Anton's letter; pp. 96-98, 'Song to May', a translation of pp. 9-10 above; pp. 101-06, transcript of a letter dated 15 April 1800 from E[dward] Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', to [Owen Jones], 'Owain Myvyr'; pp. 107- 116 & 119-120, transcript of another letter from the same to the same, dated at Flimston, 17 June 1800; (continued)

p. 117, memoranda, 1800, recording the death and burial of various members of the Owen family; pp. 121-36, transcript of a letter from 'Iolo Morganwg' to 'Owain Myvyr', dated at Cardiff, 6 Oct. 1800; p. 139, the dates of death of four relatives and acquaintances of William Owen [-Pughe]; p. 141, lines dated 29 Dec. 1830 by Ro[bert] Davies, 'Bardd Nantglyn', beginning 'Y llwdn hwq, and nid o ddig . . .'; pp. 143-5, 'Cywydd i Vordeyrn sant yn Nantglyn' beginning 'Y sant nevol addolwn . . .', attributed to Davydd ab Llywelyn ab Madog, transcribed by 'Idrison' at Egryn, 18 March 1833; p. 147, a list of 'Correspondent words'; pp. 149-150, notes by 'Idrison' on the cure of 'Davaden Wyllt (Cancer)' dated 14 Feb. 1834; p. 339, note of financial loans and gifts made to [William Owen-Pughe], 1796-98; pp. 411-40, a narrative beginning 'Ac Elphin á gymmeres y Gôd, ac ai bwris hi ar gevn un o'i veirç mewn cawell . . .', said to be 'O Lyvyr Iolo Morganwg . . . Gwaith Hopcin Tho. Phylip o Varganwg [sic] o gylç 1370'; pp. 444-46, 'Profwydoliaeth Llywelyn Vawr (o'r Brithdir meddir)', beginning 'Mae hen goelion yn ein gwlid . . .'; pp. 447-85, a series of 'Coronog Faban' poems and prophecies, variously attributed to Aneurin Gwawdrydd, Jonas Athraw Mynyw, Rhys Gog o Eryri, and Gildas Brofwyd (pp. 459-63 contain a copy of observations by 'Iolo Morganwg' on the preceding 'Coronog Faban' poems); pp. 486-88, 'Llyma englynion Marçwiail, o lyvyr Havod Uçtryd : ei enw Hen ddihenydd', beginning 'Marçwiail bedw briglas . . .', attributed to Mabclav ab Llywarrq; PP- 489-9o, 'Gweddi Taliesin', beginning 'Gweddiav Dduw Dâd . . .'; pp. 491-93, 'Llyma Gerdd y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair "o Lyvyr Joseph Jones o Gaer Dyv, à ysgrivenwyd cylç 1590." Iolo Morganwg', beginning 'Deg gormes caredvorion . . .'; pp. 494-97, 'Llyma Englynion a vuant rwng Caradawg Llan Carvan a Gwgan Varvawg o Lan Dathan, o'r un Llyvyr', beginning 'Gwgan Varvawg, hanpyç gwell! . . .'; pp. 497-502, 'englynion' attributed to Gwgan Varvawg o Landathan alias Gwgan Vardd alias Gwgan Vardd Iestyn; p. 503, 'Hen vesurau, sev Englynion gan Gwydion ab Don: o Lyvyr y Mabinogi yn Llyvyrgell Mostyn', beginning 'Dâr á dyv yn arddväes . . . '; pp. 504-06, 'Llyma Awdyl à gânt Teilaw sant', beginning 'Govynawd ysgen . . .', attributed thus: 'Teilaw Sant ai cant pan ydoedd yn myned i Ynys Enlli: O Lyvyr Harri Sion o Bont y Pwl'; p. 506, two verses entitled 'Llythyr Merq at ei Çariad' and 'Atteb y Mab'; pp. 507-10, 'Llyma' r Bader yn Gymbraec: o Lyvyr Havod Uçtryd', beginning 'Yn Tat ni yr hwn wyt yn y Nef . . .'; pp. 511-12, 'Englynion ar enwau Duw: gwaith Sion y Cent: o Lyvyr Wm. Rhosser', beginning 'Duw Tri, Duw Celi coelion, Dav, Eli , . . .'; and pp. 592-3, 595, & 597, notes, 1800-03, & 1808 by [William Owen-Pughe]. Certain of the above items appear to have been published in The Myvyrian Archaiology and the volume Iolo MSS. Pasted in at the end of the volume are a few loose items including notes on ancient alphabets, etc., dated 1821; a tune with words in ?Hebrew and Welsh based on Ps. 115, 1; a receipt dated 20 June 1793 for 5 guineas, being the admission fee to the Society of Antiquaries of London of William Owen [-Pughe]; and a copy of printed proposals to publish Pethagoras; or, The Hindoo's Researches.

William Owen-Pughe.


A composite volume, the contents including: pp. 1-2, an English prose rendering of a 'cywydd' by Tudur Aled requesting a horse from the Abbot of Aber Conwy, the first line of the original being 'Gydag un a geidw Gwynedd . . .'; p. 3, 'Names of the Horse', a list of equivalents in several languages; pp. 3-15, 'Extracts from the historical triads of Britain' followed by several quotations and extracts relating to the horse; p. 17, a formal acknowledgement, 1794, from T. W. Wrighte, secretary of the Society of Antiquaries, of the second part of William Owen [-Pughe]'s dictionary; pp. 19-44, an English translation of the beginning of Llyfr y Tri Aderyn . . . by Morgan Llwyd (for an edition of the Welsh text see Thomas E. Ellis (ed.), Gweithiau Morgan Llwyd o Wynedd, vol. 1, (Bangor, 1899), pp. 157-89); p. 45, eleven verses beginning 'Mi glowais newydd digri . . .', and an 'englyn' beginning 'Dannod lliw'r manod ai Mîn, dannod Twyll . . .'; p. 47, a list of words headed 'New Holland Language'; pp. 49-86, vocabularies, notes on languages, etc.; pp. 87-110, a Cornish-English vocabulary (A-C), headed 'from a Mss at Mr Halsells wrote about 1710' ('30 years ago' deleted), as well as Cornish versions of the Lord's Prayer; pp. 111-18, a Welsh-English vocabulary; pp. 125-56, 'Egwyddor y Prif Gristnogion Neu reol y Bywyd wedi ei adnewyddu Gyda dull o wir dduwioldeb A'r modd i brofi ein buchedd yn gyfatebol', based on Hugh Turford, Sylfaen Buchedd sanctaidd . . . (Caerfyrddin, 1773), tt. 55-103; pp. 159-68, 'Awdyl voliant i Rys ab Gruffydd ap Howel ap Gruffydd ap Ednyfed Vychan o Von', by Einion Ofeiriad [sic] dated 1280, in the hand of Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', beginning 'Rhys ap Gruffudd fudd feiddiaw rhoddiawdr rhyssedd . . .'; pp. 179-87, a holograph copy sent to Mr. Thomas Roberts, Goldsmith, of an elegy entitled 'Awdl . . . goffadwriaeth am . . . Goronwy Owain sef Testyn y Gwyneddigion . . . 1803' by 'Eliwlod' [= David Owen, 'Dewi Wyn o Eifion'] (cf. Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion, Awdlau Coffadwriaeth am y Parchedig Goronwy Owain . . . 1803 (Llundain, [1803]), tt. [9]-18); pp. 191-3, printed proposals, 1789, for printing A Welsh and English Dictionary . . . by William Owen; pp. 195-6, five stanzas entitled 'Peace' beginning 'The Song of Peace who would not gladly sing . . .'; p. 197, a broadside containing an elegy by Dafydd Ionawr [David Richards], Marwnad y Seneddwr Enwog, Thomas Williams o Fon Esquire (Dolgellau: T. Williams, 1803); p. 199, a printed notice of an eisteddfod to be held at Caerwys, Whitsuntide 1798, under the auspices of the Gwyneddigion Society; and pp. 202-47, a draft introduction by William Owen [-Pughe] to his dictionary, most of which is crossed out, together with miscellaneous linguistic material.

Anterliwt Oluphernes, etc.

A manuscript in several hands containing an incomplete text of an interlude, 'Hannes Oliffernes a Jiwdath' by Elis Roberts ('Elis y Cowper'), 1766 (see MSS 103, 123); free-metre poetry by Elisabeth Dauiuis [sic], Thomas Edwards ('or Nant'), Elis Roberts, John Richard, and Robert Richard (1768); and anonymous 'englynion' and free-metre compositions; and farming memoranda.

Anterliwtiau a barddoniaeth,

A cycle of three interludes on the history of the world, and miscellaneous poems, mainly englynion and poetry in carol metres, autograph, 1739-1758, by Thomas Williams, 'Merchant Taylor' (ca. 1690-1763), Tal-y-bont, Llandygai, Caernarfonshire, all of which appear in his published work Mynegiad yr hen oesoedd ... (London, 1761). Folios i (the original front cover), 1-6, 136-41 are palimpsests. The underwriting, partly legible under ultra-violet light, is from fifteenth and sixteenth century court records relating to Caernarfonshire, consisting mainly of lists of names.

Thomas Williams.

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