Fonds GB 0210 VIVIAN - Vivian Papers

Ardal dynodi

Cod cyfeirnod



Vivian Papers


  • 1601-1959 / (Creation)

Lefel y disgrifiad


Maint a chyfrwng

0.609 cubic metres (19 boxes, 10 volumes, 2 rolls).

Ardal cyd-destun

Enw'r crëwr

Hanes bywgraffyddol

John Vivian of Truro had an interest in the Cornish copper industry. His second son, John Henry, extended the family copper interests from Cornwall to the Swansea area of Glamorganshire, where he opened a copper smelting works near local coal sources. John Vivian's eldest son, Richard Hussey, had a distinguished army career and was eventually elevated to the peerage as 1st Baron Vivian of Truro, but the youngest son, Thomas, died at the early age of 21. John Henry Vivian expanded his business interests in Swansea, and extended them further afield to Liverpool, Birmingham and London from 1810 until his death in 1855. During the last fifteen years of his life he was assisted in his work by his eldest son Henry Hussey Vivian. Like his father, Henry Hussey Vivian became an MP and divided his time between the family copper business and the House of Commons. He was raised to the peerage in 1893, taking his seat in the House of Lords as 1st Baron Swansea. He died in 1894. He married three times. His first wife, Jesse Dalrymple Goddard, whom he married in 1847, died in 1848 shortly after the birth of their son Ernest. He later married Caroline E. Cholmeley in 1853 but she died in 1868 after being an invalid for many years. He lastly married Averil Beaumont in 1870.
H. H. Vivian was succeeded by his eldest son, Ernest, of whom there is little or no mention in this archive. He died in 1922 leaving no direct heir and was succeeded by his step-brother Odo Vivian. The latter inherited a declining family business which he had run since his father's death in 1894. Ernest Vivian had shown little or no interest in the company's affairs.

Hanes archifol


Deposited by Sir John Hussey Hamilton Vivian, 4th Baron Swansea, Caer Beris, Builth Wells, in September 1966.

Ardal cynnwys a strwythur

Natur a chynnwys

Records of the Vivian family, later barons Swansea, of Cornwall and Swansea, including records of the copper industry in Cornwall and Swansea (the Hafod works), 1720-1934; estate papers, 1853-1909; business and personal correspondence, 1807-1934, notably that of John Henry Vivian (1785-1855), and Henry Hussey Vivian, 1st Baron Swansea (1821-1894). The archive is a major source for the 19th century history of Swansea.

Gwerthuso, dinistrio ac amserlennu

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained.


Accruals are not expected.

System o drefniant

Arranged into correspondence of the Vivian family, 1807-1934 (excluding H. H. Vivian); papers and diaries of the Vivian family, 1608-1934 (excluding H. H. Vivian); correspondence, papers and diaries of H. H. Vivian, ist Lord Swansea, 1763-1894; family wills, settlements and other documents, 1810-1934; industrial records, 1720-1934; estate papers, 1853-1909; pedigrees and personalia, 1601-1930s; household and private accounts, 1847-1921; miscellaneous, 1720-1959; maps and catalogues, 1767-1914; and printed matter, late 18th cent.-1910.

Ardal amodau mynediad a defnydd

Amodau rheoli mynediad

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Amodau rheoli atgynhyrchu

Usual copyright laws apply

Iaith y deunydd

  • Saesneg

Sgript o ddeunydd

Nodiadau iaith a sgript


Cyflwr ac anghenion technegol

Cymhorthion chwilio

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC.

Cymorth chwilio

Ardal deunyddiau perthynol

Bodolaeth a lleoliad y gwreiddiol

Bodolaeth a lleoliad copïau

Unedau o ddisgrifiad cysylltiedig

The maps and plans formerly numbered J 194-197, 199, 242a-b, and K 1-12, and drawings and prints numbered J 184-193 and 200 were transferred to NLW map and picture collections respectively, May 2018.

Further papers relating to the barons Swansea are Hampshire Record Office, 28M78; some papers are also held at the University of Wales Swansea, Archives, Library and Information Services.

Disgrifiadau cysylltiedig

Ardal nodiadau

Dynodwr(dynodwyr) eraill

Virtua system control number

GEAC system control number

Pwyntiau mynediad

Pwyntiau mynediad lleoedd

Pwyntiau mynediad Genre

Ardal rheolaeth disgrifiad

Dynodwr disgrifiad

Dynodwr sefydliad

Rheolau a/neu confensiynau a ddefnyddiwyd

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.


Lefel manylder disgrifiad

Dyddiadau creadigaeth adolygiad dilead

May 2002.


  • Saesneg



Nodyn yr archifydd

Compiled by Mair James.

Nodyn yr archifydd

The following source was used in the compilation of this description: NLW, Schedule of Vivian Papers;

Ardal derbyn