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Sale by Gwenwynwyn ap Owain,

Sale by Wennunwen, son of Owin, and all the heirs of the land called Roswidaul, to the monks of Stradmarchell, in proper and perpetual possession, for five and a half pounds, of all the land called Roswidaul, in all its bounds and appurtenances, in wood and plain, waters and in feeding grounds, and in all its uses and utilities, freely and quit and immune from all exaction, custom and secular service. This agreement is made in the year of the Incarnation of the Lord 1199 at Stradmarchell, in the hand of S[tigeri], prior. Lest this agreement should be disturbed in future Wennunwen seals the charter and it is attested by witnesses. -- Witnesses: A[aron], cellarer, Tegwaret, Daniel, Gorronui, Elfin, conversi of the same house, Daniele, son of the priest, Gorronui, son of Eynniaun, Meiler, son of Riawel, Mareduth, son of Philipp, E[y]nnia[un], son of Lwarch, and many others.

Confirmation by King John,

Charter of King John, granting and confirming to St Mary and the abbot and monks of Stratmarchell, the gifts of Owen of Keuelyoc and Wennoneo, his son, and others, their donors, as the charters of the donors which they have thereon reasonably witness. -- Witnesses: H[ubert] archbishop of Canterbury, R[obert] bishop of Bangor, G[eoffrey] fitz Peter, earl of Essex, William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, William, son of Alan, Hugh Bardolf, William Briwerr, Robert Corbet, John Lestrange. -- By the hand of Simon, archdeacon of Wells and John de Gray, archdeacon of Gloucester. -- At Worcester, 11 April I John.

Grant by Gwenywnwyn ap Owain,

Grant by Wenunwen, son of Owin, to St Mary and the monks of Stradmarchell, for the soul of himself, in free, quiet and perpetual alms, of all the pastures of the whole province (provincie) called Keueilliauc, within these bounds: namely from Bon main melin to Lluin ecrois, and thence straight to Blain nanhanauc thence by Nanhanauc to its mouth (aber), and thence to Abernant karthbrandu, and by the length of that stream to its beginning (blain), and thence straight to Carnethwen, and thence to Gobleitheu, and from Pen Gobleitheu from the beginning; (blain) of Nant teyling, to its mouth (aber), and thence to Bacho and from Bacho to Aberdengum, and thence along Dengum to its source, and thence to Keilligogeu, and thence to Reidiaul, and along Reidiaul to Gwrhet kei, and along Reidiaul again to Aber Camdwr Keueiliauc, and from Aber Camdwr Keueiliauc to its source, and thence to Blain eynniaun, and so along Eynniaun to its mouth (aber) and thence along Devi to Aber dwlas, and thence along Dwlas to its source, and thence straight to Kenghulf, and thence to Blain lloido, and along Lloido to its mouth (aber) and thence along Devi to Aber Llewenith, and so along Llewenith to its source, and thence straight to Red pebellua on Clewedauc, and thence along Clawedauc to Gwernach, and along Gwernach to its source, and thence as the upper hill goes to Red derwen, and so along Derwen to Euernoe, and thence along Nant er heyre to Lledwern, and from Blain Lledwern straight to Bon main melin. All these pastures, Wennunwen gives the monks in these bounds, in wood and plain, and in all easements, freely and quit, well and in peace, and without any exaction and secular claim, to possess, by right, for ever. No other monks or nuns shall have any proprietorship or common within the said bounds, except the monks of Cumhyr, to whom at the petition of the monks of Stradmarchel he grants the pastures between Corf and Eynniaun, and except the monks of Kemmer, to whom also with the consent of the monks of Stradmarchel he grants Lloidarth and Cumketlli, on the other side of the stream. Wennunwen, accordingly, wishes that the monks of Stradmarchell shall possess, by right, for ever, fully and entirely, the said pastures, within the said bounds, except the said parts. That this gift shall remain firm and stable the present writing is sealed and attested by witnesses. -- Witnesses: Sulian, archdeacon, Master Heilin, Master Mabin, Eynniaun, son of Rodri, Kadugaun, son of Grifri, Dauid Goch, Edenewein Flam, Goroney, son of Eynniaun. -- Given in the year of the Incarnation of the Lord 1201 into the hand of P(hilipp) abbots.

Sale by Gwenwynwyn ap Owain,

Sale by Wennunwen, son of Owin, to the monks of Stradmarchell, in free, quiet and perpetual possession, for eighteen pounds, of the whole land called Randir Gwiaun, in all its bounds and appurtenances, both below and above namely, in wood and plain, in meadows and pastures, and in all its uses and utilities. He has sold the said land to the said monks, by the counsel and consent of the heirs of that land, namely Gwiaun, son of Gwiaun, and his sons who had sold their half of the said land to the monks, in perpetual possession for a suitable price; likewise by the counsel and consent of the sons of Owin, the son of Kendelo, namely Luelin and Griffud and Goronoy, and also of the sons of Yago, namely Ioruerth and Aun, the other half of the said land is sold to the monks in perpetual possession. Wennunwen, accordingly, wishes that the monks shall possess, by right, for ever, the said land in all its bounds and appurtenances, fully, entirely, freely, quietly, well and in peace, honourably, without any exaction and secular custom. Lest the sale shall be disturbed in future, it is sealed and attested by witnesses. Witnesses: Sulian, archdeacon, Master Helin, Lewelin, son of Owin, Kadugan, son of Grifri, Edenewein Flam, David Goch, John Glaswen. The sale of half of the said land was made in the year of the Incarnation of the Lord 1206 and the remaining half in the following year.

Judgement of Maredudd ap Rhobert,

Judgement of Maredud, son of Robert, lord of Kedewig, appointed by Prince Lewelin, lord of Wales, to decide the controversy moved between the heirs of Hirarht and Deupiw and those who are called fetonieht, who reclaimed the said lands against these heirs. At the peremptory day and lawful place, namely Landinan, before wise and the best men the reclaim of those called fetanieht and their challenge was, by right and justly and justly determined and settled. At the time there was offered them the judgement of good men called deduriht, but they refused, knowing that by this they would come to nothing. Afterwards they consented that twenty four of the best men of the province of Arwistli should come to decide on their challenge, if they had any right to the said lands. All these best men were sworn publicly, if they knew of their right to the said lands, namely their reclaim in that cause, then they ought to seek right again by the decision of the wise men. The wise men of Arwistli, who conducted the proceedings, namely, Kenher, son of Kadugan, Ioab, son of Ioruerht, of Kedewig, and Idneuet, son of Goronui, Ioruerht Pastan, and other wise and discrete men from other provinces who judged them, namely the fetanihet, not to be the heirs of the said lands, with their stock, for ever. When those who are called fehanihet saw that their right was failing on every side, they withdrew defeated in law. But in the days of Howel, son of Ioab, those fetanihet were deprived of right and justly of those lands. The witnesses of this were: Ioruerht, dean, son of Howel, and Cuneda, his brother, the two sons of Owin Brihtir, namely David and Owin, the two sons of Ioruerht, namely Einniaun and Grifri, Mil, son of Ithael, Madauc Tanhur, the three sons of Grifud, son of Kadugan, namely Meilir, Seisehll, Ioruerht, Grifud, son of Meilir, Adam, son of Ioruerht, Gorgeneu, son of Glasadein, Enir Uates, Kediuor, son of Iohannis, Peredur, son of Ioruerht, Grifud son of Ioab.

Arbitration issued by Gauthier d'Ochles,

Brother G., abbot of the Cistercian Order and the entire assembly of the abbots of the General Chapter have revoked by their mandate the arbitration of the abbots H[oytlev] of Whitland, A[dam] of Dore , and K[enweryc] of Kayrlyon in a cause pending between the houses of Pool and Cumhyr, by which all things were to be restored to their former status; twenty-one pounds was to be given to the abbot and assembly of Pool by the abbot and assembly of Cumhyr; if either of the parties approached the secular arm against the other party to prevent it from enjoying the possessions adjudged to it, it was to be punished by the authority of the highest order, and if it failed to regain its sense, the arbitrators were to report the matter to the General Chapter following. This was done in the year 1226. By authority of this command, the cause was indicated and after various altercations, the suit was finally settled by compromise between the arbitrators. The arbitrators report that G[oronwy], abbot of Pool, and A., abbot of Cumhyr, appeared with some fifty persons from the seniors and counsellors of their respective houses and compromised for the arbitrators, abbots H[oytlev] of Whitland, K[enweryc] of Kayrlyon, P. of Stratflur, and subpriors S. of Dore and A. of Kayrlyon, P. of Stratflur, and subpriors S. of Dore and A. of Kayrlyon, to stand by their arbitration under penalty of a hundred marks to be paid by one party to the other. This arbitration made 15 July 1227 at Radnor, is that the whole land which belongs to the monks between Luyth and Buga upwards from the moor which is upon Peruet Menith shall be divided through the middle lengthwise as long as it endures, whether towards Pemlumon or towards any other place, so that it may be divided between the two houses, and that the moiety which is towards Luyth shall remain to Pool and from that moiety Cumhyr shall possess the entire lands of Cumbuga and Blayn Guy within their boundaries. As for the land between Chorw and Eyanun, Cumhyr is to have that part which is in Ceredigion and Pool that part which is in Keueyllauc. Of the twenty-one pounds formerly received for Cumbuga and now adjudged through the General Chapter to the house of Pool, the monks of Pool are to have two parts and the monks of Cumhyr one third. Whosoever of the monks or laymen will have striven to refute this form of peace shall be banished from their particular houses to remote houses outside Wales and shall not be readmitted except through permission of the General Chapter, and whosoever will have concealed some instrument which might further this composition or will absent themselves from the rest except by the consent of the father abbot shall be excommunicated. This form of composition was read in the chapter houses of both houses and was not contradicted.

Confirmation of sale by Ralph de Lahee,

Ralph de Lahee son of William Ketel has granted and by this his present charter confirmed to God and the church of the Blessed Mary of Stratmarchell and to the abbot and monks of the Cistercian Order who serve God for ever there and to their successors, for the salvation of his soul and those of his parents and successors, the whole land called Bahcwilim, with all its bounds and appurtenances, in wood and plain, in waters and meadows, which he, because of his need, sold to Ieuahf son of Grifud son of Ioruerht and to his heirs in everlasting possession, and which Madoc son of Iorerht, his maternal uncle, and his three sons, namely, Ioruerht, Grifud, Maredud and Einion (Anianus) son of Grifud, and his nephews, namely, the two sons of the said Ieuahf, by his (i.e. Ralph's) voluntary licance, consent and desire, had sold to the same abbot and monks of Stratmarchell, to be had, held and possessed by them and their successors, freely, quietly and honourably for ever, without any claim, molestation, impediment, exaction, secular custom or annoyance on his part or on that of his heirs, as the said men have ever had the same land more completely and more freely from him. So that neither he nor his heirs will have or will be able to have any counter-claim or claim or exaction concerning the aforesaid land against the afore-mentioned abbot or monks or their successors, he gives it, promises it to them peacefully and quietly, and protects it, if two pairs of spurs are kept for him and his heirs annually on the feast of Petrus ad Vincula (1 August) by the aforesaid abbot and monks instead of all feudal service, exaction and demand. But in return for this concession and voluntary licence, the oft-mentioned abbot and monks on their part have given him six shillings and eight pence and the other afore-named men on their part have given him six shillings and eight pence. So that this gift of his might be ratified and firm for ever, he has strengthened and confirmed it in the year of grace 1234 both with the impression of his seal and the attestation of good men.

Decree by Anian, bishop of St Asaph,

Anian, bishop of St Asaph, commands, instructs, and for the remission of sins, enjoins all the clergy and laity (archdeacons, deacons, presbyters, clerks, princes, barons, knights and all laymen) to keep, maintain, and protect all things and possessions of the brothers of Stratmarchell in such a way that none cause them or permit to be caused them any annoyance, injustice, loss or trouble, and that they should not omit to display the monks without delay the justice that concerns them. If any of the laity in any way presume to dispute, by rash daring, this salubrious prohibition, the clergy (archdeacons, deacons, deans and priests) should diligently warn the wrongdoers and unjust persecutors so that they may restore to the said brothers stolen goods, make good damages caused, and show full justice, but should they have contempt for the clergy's warnings, the latter are to bind the laity with the chain of excommunication without any favour or fear, and are diligently to have them excommunicated and avoided by all until worthy satisfaction be given. The rest they are to suspend from their office, and Annian shall, on God's authority, hold both sentences firmly ratified while they shall ensure in all these things, carefully and diligently, so that the aforesaid brothers shall not be obliged, from default of justice, to labour in the bishop's presence. Neither shall they fear to be summoned by the supreme judge for the neglect of the office bestowed upon them nor shall they be punished by the bishop for their disobedience.

Confirmation by John de Cherleton, lord of Powys,

John de Cherleton, lord of Powis, gives, grants and confirms to William, abbot of Stratamarchell, and the convent of the same place, their right to hold a court of all their tenants which they have held by their steward from three weeks to three weeks or for a greater period since the time of the foundation of the abbey until Griffith, late abbot, was unjustly deprived of the right by the servants of John de Cherleton, the grantor's grandfather, without his knowledge. The right includes cognizance of pleas of contracts and agreements within their lands, of debts and destraining of chattels to the value of forty shillings, of petty trespasses and striking of hands where there is no mortal wound or breaking of bones, attachements both of foreigners and the abbey's own tenants committing trespasses in their corn and meadows, and of taking amerciaments, taxed by good and legal men of the said abbot and convent, but saving to the lord and his heirs pleas of error, false-judgement and attainder.

Lease by the Abbot to David ap Mered’ ap Dio,

  1. David, Abbot by permission of God, of the monastery of Stratamarcella of the Cistercian order in the diocese of St Asaph. 2. David ap Mered’ ap Dio for 99 years of parcels of land called Y Cae Coch, Cae y Menych, Cae y Penbras and Coy Ellyn [t. Cyffin, co. Montgomery]. Annual rent: 13s 4d. Dated in the chapter house of 1.

Inspeximus of a charter of Wenunwen ap Owin,

Inspeximus of a charter of 1201 of Wenunwen ap Owin, to the monks of Stradmarchell, recording a gift in frank almoin of Wenunwen all the pasturage-rights in the whole of the province called Keveilliauc [Cyfeiliog, co. Montgomery], within specified boundaries.
The boundaries reach from Bon Main Melin to Lluin Ecrois, as far as Blain Nanhanauc, to Abernant Karthbrandu and along the length of this stream to Carnethwyn, and thence to Gobleithen and from there to Blain Nant Teyling to its mouth, and thence the Bacho to Aber Dengum, along the Dengum to its source, and thence to Keilleg’, thence to the Reidiaul, along the Reidiaul to Gwrhet Kei, and thence the Reidiaul again to Aber Camdwr Keveiliauc, and from the latter to its source, thence to Blain Eynniaun, along the Eynniaun to its mouth, and thence along the Deui to Aber Dulas, and along the Dwlas to its source, and thence to Kenghulf, and thence to Blain Lloido, and along the Lloido to its mouth, and thence the Deui to Aber Llewenith, and along the Llewenith to its source, thence directly to Red Pebellua on the Clawedauc, and thence along the Clawedauc to the Gwernach, and along the Gwernach to its source, and thence as the higher hill leads to Red Derwen and thus along the Derwen to Euernoe, and thence Nant er Heyre to Lledwern, and from Blain Lledwern directly to Bon Main Melin. The gift is subject to no secular or ecclesiastical restrictions other than right of pasture which Wenunwen has granted, with the consent of the monks of Stradmarchell, to the monks of Cumhyr between the Corf and the Eynniaun, and to the monks of Kemmer at Lloidarth and Cumketlli on the other side of the river. Witnessed by Sulian the archdeacon, Master Heilin, Master Mabin, Eynniann ap Rod’i, Kadug’ ap G’fri, David Goch, Edenewein Flam, Goronoy ap Eynniann. Inspeximus dated at Gorhambury.

Quitclaim in Carswell and Wroxhale,

  1. Ric’us atte Wike, son of Stephen atte Wyke. 2. William de Seinnor? of Clopton and Juliana his wife of all land and tmts which 2 hold in Carswell and Wroxhale [Wraxhall, Somerset] by demise from Leticia, mother of 1, for an annual rent of one silver penny for life. Dated at Clopton.

Quitclaim by John, son of John, son of Ralph de Wrockwardine in ?Hardwicke,

  • Wynnstay (1945 deposit) GV5.
  • Item
  • 1330, June 23 (Saturday on the eve of the nativity of St John the Baptist).
  • Part of Wynnstay Estate Records

  1. John son of John, son of Ralph de Wrokwardin. 2. Adam son of John Lochard of Wrokwardin and Godithe, his mother of a meadow in le Heordiwike [Hardwick?, Shropshire] between the rabbit warren of the lord of Wrokwardin and the river called Thirne [Tern], for life. Witnesses: Adam le Despenser, Thomas de Leton, Ric’ son of John, William de Panteleg’ of Colmington and Roger de Camvile of the same place. Dated at Wrokwardin

Gift and quitclaim by Peter Corbet in Trelystan,

  • Wynnstay (1945 deposit) GW1.
  • Item
  • 1302/3, March 24 (Sunday after the feast of St Benedict the Abbot).
  • Part of Wynnstay Estate Records

  1. Peter, son of Lord Peter Corbet, Lord of Caus. 2. The free tenants of Trewilestan [Trelystan, co. Mont.] of a piece of land called Strad Neysen? in breadth between the boundaries of Thley and Marten, and in length between the boundaries of Weston up to the stream coming from the holy well called Fenon Wen [t. Trelystan, p. Forden/Worthen, co. Montgomery], and the right to hunt roe-buck, foxes and hares but no other wild animals, reserving to 1 the free chase of those and all other wild animals. Annual rent: 5s. Duties: relief, investiture fees, lairwites (penalties for adultery or fornication), suit of court, three days labour hauling timber at the castle, following 1’s banner and treth gwartheg (cattle tax) payable by Powys cottagers to the chief lords. Witnesses: David ap Ririd, Gruffut his brother, Ed’ ab Ad’ D’d ab Eynon, Gruffut ab Eynon and Maredut ab Ririd.

Gift by Henry Gray of lands in Coedtalog and Garthbeibio,

  1. Henry Gray, Earl of Tankerfeld, Lord of Powys and Tylley. 2. Owen ap Mered’ and Ieuan ap Owen ap Mered’ in return for good service and expenditure in the March of Wales, of lands and tmts in the township of Koytaloc [Coedtalog], Newath Wen, Trehiliarth, Treaber, Trecynhynva?, Pantyllynne and Treloddey in Garthbibio in Karyneon [Caereinion] in the lordship of Powys [co. Montgomery], late in the tenure of 2, which came to the hands of 1 as an estreat by forfeiture. Annual rent: 11s 6d. Duties: Suit of court and any customs or demands of Welsh law or any other law. Dated at Pool Castle.

Demise by Edward Gray of lands in Trefedryd,

  1. Edward Gray, knight, Lord of Powys. 2. Edward ap Rys ap D’d ap G’lim of arable land and tmts which belonged to Edward ap David ap G’lim, Edward ap Ll’in ap M’dyth ap G’lim and Rys ap Ieuan ap Moris in t. Trevedryd in the lordship of Powys, which came to 1 by forfeit from the said felons, reserving to 1 the wood and waste, and in turn to 2 and his male heirs a reasonable estover (allowance of wood) and common pasture. Dated at Pool Castle.

Gift by Edward Gray of lands in Mechain,

  1. Edward Gray, knight, Lord of Powys. 2. John ap Ho’ll Vaughan, esq. of all lands and tmts in lordships of Meighien Ughcoit [Mechain Uwch Coed] and Meighien Iscoitt [Mechain Is Coed], co. Montgomery. Consideration: £20. Annual rent: 20s for customary services, etc. Recites a dispute between 1 and 2 concerning various customary rents and services claimed by 1, issuing out of the above mentioned lands and tmts already in the tenure of 2, which Gruffythe ap Jenkin ap Ll’n ap Eygnon, ancestor of the said John, by a charter dated 4 March 1420/1 held by the gift of Edward Chorlton, knight, late Lord of Powys and the aforesaid lordships.

Bargain and sale with feoffment by Michael Owen,

  1. Michael Owen, gent. 2. Howell Vaughan otherwise Hugh Vaughan of Llanuyollin [Llanuwchllyn], co. Mer. of the lake called Pimbremear alias Llyntegid with its banks, fishing and customary rights in co. Merioneth late in the tenure of 2, and all its lands, rents and annual profits, with power of attorney to John Wyne ap Cadd’er of Reulas [Rhiwlas] co. Merioneth, esq., and John Mydelton of Gwaynennock [Gwaunynog], co. Denbigh, gent., to deliver seisin. Recites a bargain and sale made to 1 by Hugh Counsell of Harmondsworth, co. Middlesex, gent., and Robert Baker (‘Pistor’) of London, gent., of Llyntegid and its lands which Queen Elizabeth had granted to them by letters patent dated at Westminster 4 Feb. 1569/70. Consideration: £26.
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