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Gift by G[eoffrey] Essturmi, with consent of his wife M[--], his sons R[oger], R[--], and G[--], and his daughter A[--] ...,

Gift by G[eoffrey] Essturmi, with consent of his wife M[--], his sons R[oger], R[--], and G[--], and his daughter A[--], to the church of St. Mary of Margam, of all the land between the land of Herbert, son of Godwineth, and the stream Kinithwini, as it descends through the hill to the moors as far as the lower water, and from the lower water as far as the way which leads through the mountains and separates the Earl's land from the grantor's land, for 12 marks silver, to each son a cappa, or cloak, and four nummi or gold pieces, and the monks undertake to receive him into their fraternity when he becomes infirm. Witnesses: Eglin, Sheriff of Glamorgan; R. de Bercoroles, Walter Luvel, and David his brother; Roger, son of Nest; Walter Lageles; Gislebert Burd[in]; Eadwine, Monk of Gloucester; Gislebert, priest of Newcastle; Thomas the priest, William de Londoniis, and Maurice his son, and William his other son, Willemmus Pincerna, Alexander de Corendune, Gislebert de Turbervilla, and A his wife, and Pagan his son, and Simon his son, Gislebert his son, and Robert his son. Latin. Pointed oval seal, red wax. G[eoffrey] Essturmi, with helmet and tunic, blowing a horn, and holding a lance, chipped. + Sigillvm . Galf[ridi . S]tvrmi. See Cartae, No. LIII; History of Margam Abbey, p. 77.

Gift by Roger Sturmi to Margam Abbey of all the land of his father which the abbey holds, and of ...,

Gift by Roger Sturmi to Margam Abbey of all the land of his father which the abbey holds, and of all the rest of the land which his father held of the Earl of Gloucester's fee in Margam, for the yearly rent of 1/2 mark of silver. Gaufridus, or Geoffrey, his brother, confirms the gift. For 6 marks, and 20s. for his aid in upholding the church from claimants, and remission of a debt of 1/2 mark due by his father, and 5s. which he himself owed for a horse bought from the cellarer of the abbey; to his wife Gunnilda, 4 marks to bar her dower; to his three children, each 1/2 mark of silver, and two cows for the nourishment of the little ones ('duas vaccas ad parvulos nitriendos'). Witnesses:- Eglinus, sheriff of Glamorgan; Robert de Purbic his brother, John de St. Michael, Walter Luvel, Gillebert Grammus, Walter Siward, Odo de Cruce, William the priest, chaplain of Kenefeg; Helias, son of Arth'; Stephen the clerk, son of William, son of Stephen; Robert, the esq. of Jordan the clerk. Latin. Fine large round seal, reel wax, a lion contourné. + Sigillvm : Rogeri : Stvrmi.

Confirmation by Morgan, son of Cradoc, to Margam Abbey, of the gift by Roger Cole, his homo and serjeant, of ...,

Confirmation by Morgan, son of Cradoc, to Margam Abbey, of the gift by Roger Cole, his homo and serjeant, of land at New Castle, for 4 a., lying to the east of the stream called Hellene-wille-lache, near the land of Coit Kárt. Witnesses:- William, cellarer of Margam; Godefrey, the monk; Walter, the Master of Lantgewi; Helias, the clerk of New Castle; Walter, the provost; Moysete; Thomas of Newcastle; Jordan, Gregory, and Roger, conversi of Margam, Res, son of Res ap Blether'; David Pugnel; John Sorus. Latin. Seal of Morgan, equestrian type, as described. See Roll No. 292 (20) [1205x1275]; Cartae, No. DCCLVI; History of Margam Abbey, p. 137.

Gift by Walaueth, son of William Gillemichiel, to Margam Abbey, of all the land which belonged to his father, in ...,

Gift by Walaueth, son of William Gillemichiel, to Margam Abbey, of all the land which belonged to his father, in the territory, i.e., the arable part of Kenefeg, and if any service for the Earl's kitchen, or anything else be required from this land, it shall be paid out of Walaueth's land of Ketlialanwir. Sworn upon the holy relics of Margam Church. Sureties:- Alaithu, son of Ythenard; Griffin, son of Cnaith,; Gaufridus, son of Cnaithu. Witnesses:- Ythel and Riereth, sons of Riwil; Res Coht; Einon and Tuder, sons of Ryerid; Ruatlan, son of Robert Ahenion. Latin. Round seal, red wax, a bow and arrow, etc. + Sigill,. Walavet . Gille. See Roll No. 289 (5) [1203x1275]; Cartae, No. DCXCIII; History of Margam Abbey, p. 33. Seal described at p. 32.

Notification by Hugh, son of Rodbert de Lantcarvan, to W[illiam], Bishop of Llandaff, of his gift in frank almoin to ...,

Notification by Hugh, son of Rodbert de Lantcarvan, to W[illiam], Bishop of Llandaff, of his gift in frank almoin to Margam Abbey, of 30 a. of land of his tenement nearest to their land of Lantmeuthin, with a croft adjacent to the old cemetery, and four other crofts; with assent of his lord, Henry de Humfranville, and of Margery, wife of the said Hugh; for 4 marks of silver and a young ox. The charter deposited on the high altar of Margam, in full county of Cardiff, recited and attested, viva voce, by the said Hugh. Witnesses: James, Prior of Margam; Roger the cellarer; Vincent and Godfrey, monks of Margam; Jordan, conversus; Roger and Richard, 'conversi hospitales' of Margam. Witnesses inscribed in the Cardiff County: William, Prior of Golclive; Henry de Humfranuille, John le Sorus, Pagan de Turberuille. Philip de Marecros, William Flanmengus, Rodbertus Morinus, Odo de Novo-Burgo. Latin. Large seal, red wax, 13/4 in. diam. An ornamental fleur-de-lis. + Sigill': Hvgonis: Filii: Rodberti.

Quitclaim by Nicholas Puinz, for the soul of his lord William the Earl [of Gloucester, d. 1173], to Margam Abbey ...,

Quitclaim by Nicholas Puinz, for the soul of his lord William the Earl [of Gloucester, d. 1173], to Margam Abbey of all his right claimed against David Scurlag in the fee of Langewi; resignation publicly made in full county court of Cardiff, saving service of the Lord Earl. Witnesses: Dominus Henry [of Abergavenny], Bishop of Llandaff [1196-1218]; Hamund de Val[oniis], bailiff of Glamorgan; Ralph de Sumeri, Henry de Vmfranuile, Philip de Marcros, Pagan de Tuberuile, Walter de Sul, William Martel, Roger de Wintonia, John de la mare, Richard Flandrensis, William Flandrensis, William Sor, Gillebert de Turburuile Ralph Mailoc. Latin. Round seal, dark green wax, 1? in. A dexter hand and arm, vested, issuing from the sinister, grasping an ornamental bunch of three lilies and two buds. Speckled. + Sigillvm. Nicholai. Pontil.

Confirmation by Roger Sturmi the younger, son of Roger Sturmi, to Margam Abbey, of the gift by his grandfather Geoffrey ...,

Confirmation by Roger Sturmi the younger, son of Roger Sturmi, to Margam Abbey, of the gift by his grandfather Geoffrey Sturmi, of land in Margam; and of all the gifts of his father Roger, with assent of his brothers Geoffrey and William; the monks paying an annual rent of 1/2 mark as provided for in the charter of his father and of Earl William of Gloucester. Witnesses:- Henry, Bishop of Llandaff; Walter, Abbot of Caerleon; Cnaithur, Prior of the same: Eustace, Prior of Cardiff; Wrgan the Archdeacon; Richard, Sheriff of Glamorgan; Herbert de St. Quintin, Philip de Marcros, Walter de Sulie, William de Cantelew, Hameline de Thorington; John, son of Herbert de St. Quintin; William Flamang, Richard Flamang, William Sor, Adam de Sumeri, Ingeram de Penmarc, Luke de Barri, Master Maurice, Robert Tregoce, John de Boneville, William de Reini; John, brother of the Lord Bishop of Llandaff; Grifin Abiuor. Latin. Pointed oval seal, red wax, figure of Roger Sturmi, to the right, blowing a horn and holding a lance. + Sigill' . Rogeri . Stvrmi . Ivnior'.

Agreement by Owein, Res, and Cradoc, sons of Alaithur to quitclaim to the monks all the rights between the source ...,

Agreement by Owein, Res, and Cradoc, sons of Alaithur to quitclaim to the monks all the rights between the source of Frudul direct to Penreukeinrev, then across to the road coming from upper Pennud', then along that road to Blainnant disculua, then across to Ridekeueleki, and along the water of Avene to the sea, on account of inestimable damage done by them to Margam Abbey,; and they swear on the relics of the church of Margam not to depasture animals within the said boundaries, nor to enter the monks' land of Rossaulin for pasturing, without permission, nor to fish in the river Neth between Aberwrach and Abercleudaccumkac; they remit the yearly rent of 1/2 mark due for a field beyond Auene, they agree to pay yearly 8s. 4d., and to pay 15s. for the field if the warranty therefor fails; and they pledge their christianity and land in faith of these undertakings, with especial warranty against their brethren of Basto, viz. Kanaithur Cogh and Luelin Moil. Witnesses:- Master Ralph Mailoc, Nicholas the dean, Gregory the chaplain; Richard, the clerk of Kenefeg; Walter Luvel, Roger Gramus, William de Corneli, Morgan Kam, Philip de Hales, Walter de Haverford, William de Kardif, monks; Brother Gilbert, Riered Espus, conversi of Margam. Latin. Three seals, green wax. 1 Seal of Res, as in No. 145 (dated 1246). 2 A rosette. + Sigill'. Oweni . Filii . Alaithvri. 3 Seal of Cradoc, as in No. 145. This deed refers to the same matters as No. 145.

Lease by Henry, Bishop of Llandaff [Henry of Abergavenny, 1196-1218] at the petition of Dominus Walter, Abbot [1203-1213], and the ...,

Lease by Henry, Bishop of Llandaff [Henry of Abergavenny, 1196-1218] at the petition of Dominus Walter, Abbot [1203-1213], and the Convent of Tewkesbury, to Margam Abbey of the Church of Kenefeg, at an annual farm rent of 10 marks to the said Convent, saving the episcopal rights. Witnesses: Vrban, Archdeacon of Llandaff; Nicholas, treasurer; Philip, dean of Gur'. Latin. Fine pointed oval seal, red wax, 2? x 13/4 in. Obv. The Bishop, with ornamental vestments, mitre and staff, standing on a short columnar pedestal, and lifting up the right hand in the act of benediction. + Sigill . Hienrici. Dei. Gracia. Landavensis. Episcopi. Rev. A small pointed oval counterseal, 11/2 x ? in. An angel holding a cross. + Secret . Henr' . Landav . Episcop'.

Gift in frank almoin by Gillebert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, to Margam Abbey, of 9 a. of ...,

Gift in frank almoin by Gillebert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, to Margam Abbey, of 9 a. of land on the west of Laghelestone, between Laghelestone and Pleistrat; 3 a. on the south of Pleistrat; 4 a. on the north of Botme; the land called Horegroue; lands in Roflesland, between those he formerly gave and for which the monks pay 30d., viz. 18 a.; the lands at Catteput, for which they used to pay 30d.; lands upon Cornely's down, for which they used to pay 45d.; 6 a. between the land of Walter Lagheles and the Cross; 7 a. of the land of Grethille, which they formerly held for 101/2 d.; the moor called Rhedes on the north of the land of Hugh de Hereford; and the land on the north of that moor between Sturmy land and other land of the monks, as far as the road near Catteput, which leads to Margam. Witnesses:- William de Pratellis, James de Vaubadu, Thomas de Gravenel, Roger de Clare, Wido de Merlau, Nicholas the Prior of Margam, Hugh de Bodekisham, Thomas Pirun. Latin. Very fine equestrian seal of the Earl, appended by yellow and crimson silk strands. Beautiful ornamental handwriting.

Inspeximus of Hugh Le Despenser, son and heir of Hugh Le Despenser and Dame Alianora his consort, Lord of Glamorgan ...,

Inspeximus of Hugh Le Despenser, son and heir of Hugh Le Despenser and Dame Alianora his consort, Lord of Glamorgan and Morgan, of the following charters:. 1. First foundation of Margam Abbey. A charter by Robert, son of H[enry], King of England, consul of Gloucester, to Robert Norreis the sheriff, whereby he gives to the monks of Clairvaux the land between Kenefeg and Auen, for founding an Abbey, by consent of the Countess Mabilia, of whose inheritance the land is. Witnesses: Hamo and Roger, sons of the Earl; Dominus Niuard, brother of the Abbot of Clairvaux; Brother Walter of Abbedeston, his companion; Hubert the steward ('dapifer'), Hugh de Guminuilla, constable of Ralph de Hastyngis; Stephen de Beauchamp, Richard de St. Remy, Fulcho, son of Guarine; Gregory; Thomas, the Earl's nepos; Robert, son of Herding; Robert de Almeri; Adam de Ely, clerk; Picot the physician, Henry Tusard, and Elias, clerk. At Bristol. 2. Confirmation by William, Earl of Gloucester, son of the above Robert, addressed to Nicholas, Bishop of Llandaff, etc., to Margam Abbey of the land in the mountains, from the lower brow to the source of Kenefeg, to the source of Frudel, to Kewelthi ford, to Aven. Witnesses: Hawisia the Countess; Conan, Abbot of Whitland ('Alba Terra'); Richard, Abbot of St. Augustine's, Bristol; Ralph, Abbot of Neath; William de Bosco, Sheriff of Glamorgan; Symon de Kardiff, John de St. Laudo, Robert, son of Richard; Geoffrey Sturmy; Reginald, son of Symon; William de Acton, Gilbert Croc, Gwydo de Rocca, Robert, chaplain; Herveus, clerk. 3. Gift by Morgan, son of Caradoc, to Margam Abbey, of the land of Rossoulyn, between the waters of Wrak' and Cleudachcumkake, the water of the Neath, and the highway through the mountains to Torbethel, as far as Glinwrak'. Witnesses: Dominus Henry, Bishop of Llandaff; Nicholas Gubion; Helias, dean of Newcastle; Richard, dean of Boneuileston'; Henry, priest of Briggetune; Rualthan' and Maurice, his brothers; William, son of Alewine; David Pugnel. 4. Confirmation by Leisan, son of Morgan, to Margam Abbey, of the land of Rossoulyn, as above described, and common of pasture in all his lands. Witnesses: Helias, dean; Maurice, Martin, Henry, and David, priests; Roger, son of Wyan; David Pugneil, John Soor, Gronou, son of John. 5. Inquisition taken at the County Court of Glamorgan, 3 Aug. 1299 before Dominus Symon de Ralegh', Sheriff of Glamorgan, and the Earl's counsel, viz. Sir Robert de la Warde, Sir John de St. John, junior, Roger his brother; Sir Robert de Halketone, Sir Hugh de St. John, Sir Robert Bardulph, Sir Robert de Grendone, Knts; Master Thomas de Pulesdone, Master Henry de Lancaruan, Sir Robert de Chenyntone, Sir John de Bruges, clerks; setting forth that whereas the Abbot of Margam holds all his lands of Cardiff county in chief, and the 'famulus' of the said county performs the duty of coroner in the Abbot's lands, and Traharn Dú, Bedell of Tirialthe, had held a coroner's view on the body of Philip Sparke, who met his death in Comb-Kenefeg', to the prejudice of the liberty of the county, therefore the said Traharn shall be imprisoned. Attested by Symon de Ralegh, Sheriff of Glamorgan; Sir John Le Waleys, kt; William de Berkeroles, John Le Norreys, John de Wyncestre, Richard de Nerberd, Lucas de Barry, Philip Soor, David Basseth, Richard Syward, William Wallot, John Le Boteler, Robert de Cauntelo, Peter de Lanhasqe, Aaron Apowel, county bailiff. And confirming the same; granting only that the said Abbey shall only answer in the Cardiff County Court for its land and tenements in Glamorgan. Witnesses: Dominus John de Egliskene, Bishop of Llandaff [1323-1347]; Master Richard de Halton, archdeacon; Dominus Gilbert de Wygetone, Dominus John de Miltoune, Master Richard de Stokes, canons of the same; Sir William de Erkelowe, seneschal of our lands in England, and sheriff of Glamorgan, Sir William de Careswell', Sir John Davene, Sir Roger de Berkeroles, Sir Edward de Stradelyng', Knts; Gilbert Le Despenser, John Le Norreis, Mathew Le Soor, Thomas de Barry, Thomas ap Aaron, John Louel. Dated at Cardiff Castle. Latin. Fine, but imperfect seal, green wax, 31/2 in. diam. Obv. The Lord Hugh Le Despenser, in armour, with coat of mail, surcoat, helmet with fanplume, and with sword and shield, riding to the right on a caparisoned horse. The armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons are: Quarterly, in the 1st and 4th quarters, a fret, over all a bend. In base: a mount, ornamented with trefoil flowers. ...... Is : Le : Despenser [1338-1349] : D Ni : Glamorgancie : ET : Morgancie. Rev. A shield of arms, as described above, between two trees; over the shield a lion statant guardant, crowned. Within, a very finely-carved Gothic panel of eight ogee cusps, ornamented along the inner edge with ball-flowers. + S' Hvgonis : Le: Despenser : Domini : Glamorgancie :. ET: M[organc]ie.

Grant by William de Brewosa, son and heir of Sir William de Brewosa, and Lord of Landimor, to Sir Robert de Penres…,

Grant by William de Brewosa, son and heir of Sir William de Brewosa, and Lord of Landimor, to Sir Robert de Penres, kt, of a place for constructing a gurges, weir, or fish-pond, between Wynfroyd, Poltimore, and Traythanwelt. Latin. Witnesses: Richard de Penres, John de Penres, John de Langeton’, William de Lamare, Henry Davy of Landimore, John Thomas, John Mouric, John de Lamare, son of Robert de Lamare, Thomas de Landewy. Dated at Penres, 18th Apr., 8 Edw. II, AD 1315. Oval seal, red wax, imperfect (23 x 19mm). A bust in profile to the left, couped at the neck.* SIGI............DEGVISE.

Lease for 99 years by David, Abbot of Margam, and the Convent therein, to Lewis ap Thomas ap Howell and ...,

Lease for 99 years by David, Abbot of Margam, and the Convent therein, to Lewis ap Thomas ap Howell and Jankyn his son, of the Grange of Nochecourte, at a yearly rent of 30 crannocs of barley and 30 crannocs of oats; with allowance of timber for building houses on the site, etc. Dated in the Chapter House. Latin. Seal of the Abbey, red wax.

Gift by William the chaplain, son of Kederech, to John Peruat and Alice his wife, of a m. and land ...,

Gift by William the chaplain, son of Kederech, to John Peruat and Alice his wife, of a m. and land which Kederech his father held in the town of Kenefeg, near the street called 'Monks' Street', between the grange of Margam Abbey and the land of Thomas Gramus; rent, 2d. to the lord of the fee, and one man's work for one day in autumn, and 20s. beforehand. Witnesses: William Terry, [occurs 1283, see No 189], Henry Willoc, [occurs 1283, see No 189], Adam Herding, Walter Magor, Nicholas Rotarius or Wheeler, John Jacobus or James, William Albus. Fine pointed oval seal, green wax, chipped, 11/4 x ? in. A tonsured head couped at the neck, profile to the left. Above it a hand of blessing issuing from the clouds. * S' . [Wi]ll'i . Ketheroch Capill'i. Beaded border.

Sale by Gwenwynwyn ap Owain,

Sale by Wennunwen, son of Owin, and all the heirs of the land called Roswidaul, to the monks of Stradmarchell, in proper and perpetual possession, for five and a half pounds, of all the land called Roswidaul, in all its bounds and appurtenances, in wood and plain, waters and in feeding grounds, and in all its uses and utilities, freely and quit and immune from all exaction, custom and secular service. This agreement is made in the year of the Incarnation of the Lord 1199 at Stradmarchell, in the hand of S[tigeri], prior. Lest this agreement should be disturbed in future Wennunwen seals the charter and it is attested by witnesses. -- Witnesses: A[aron], cellarer, Tegwaret, Daniel, Gorronui, Elfin, conversi of the same house, Daniele, son of the priest, Gorronui, son of Eynniaun, Meiler, son of Riawel, Mareduth, son of Philipp, E[y]nnia[un], son of Lwarch, and many others.

Confirmation by King John,

Charter of King John, granting and confirming to St Mary and the abbot and monks of Stratmarchell, the gifts of Owen of Keuelyoc and Wennoneo, his son, and others, their donors, as the charters of the donors which they have thereon reasonably witness. -- Witnesses: H[ubert] archbishop of Canterbury, R[obert] bishop of Bangor, G[eoffrey] fitz Peter, earl of Essex, William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, William, son of Alan, Hugh Bardolf, William Briwerr, Robert Corbet, John Lestrange. -- By the hand of Simon, archdeacon of Wells and John de Gray, archdeacon of Gloucester. -- At Worcester, 11 April I John.

Grant by Gwenywnwyn ap Owain,

Grant by Wenunwen, son of Owin, to St Mary and the monks of Stradmarchell, for the soul of himself, in free, quiet and perpetual alms, of all the pastures of the whole province (provincie) called Keueilliauc, within these bounds: namely from Bon main melin to Lluin ecrois, and thence straight to Blain nanhanauc thence by Nanhanauc to its mouth (aber), and thence to Abernant karthbrandu, and by the length of that stream to its beginning (blain), and thence straight to Carnethwen, and thence to Gobleitheu, and from Pen Gobleitheu from the beginning; (blain) of Nant teyling, to its mouth (aber), and thence to Bacho and from Bacho to Aberdengum, and thence along Dengum to its source, and thence to Keilligogeu, and thence to Reidiaul, and along Reidiaul to Gwrhet kei, and along Reidiaul again to Aber Camdwr Keueiliauc, and from Aber Camdwr Keueiliauc to its source, and thence to Blain eynniaun, and so along Eynniaun to its mouth (aber) and thence along Devi to Aber dwlas, and thence along Dwlas to its source, and thence straight to Kenghulf, and thence to Blain lloido, and along Lloido to its mouth (aber) and thence along Devi to Aber Llewenith, and so along Llewenith to its source, and thence straight to Red pebellua on Clewedauc, and thence along Clawedauc to Gwernach, and along Gwernach to its source, and thence as the upper hill goes to Red derwen, and so along Derwen to Euernoe, and thence along Nant er heyre to Lledwern, and from Blain Lledwern straight to Bon main melin. All these pastures, Wennunwen gives the monks in these bounds, in wood and plain, and in all easements, freely and quit, well and in peace, and without any exaction and secular claim, to possess, by right, for ever. No other monks or nuns shall have any proprietorship or common within the said bounds, except the monks of Cumhyr, to whom at the petition of the monks of Stradmarchel he grants the pastures between Corf and Eynniaun, and except the monks of Kemmer, to whom also with the consent of the monks of Stradmarchel he grants Lloidarth and Cumketlli, on the other side of the stream. Wennunwen, accordingly, wishes that the monks of Stradmarchell shall possess, by right, for ever, fully and entirely, the said pastures, within the said bounds, except the said parts. That this gift shall remain firm and stable the present writing is sealed and attested by witnesses. -- Witnesses: Sulian, archdeacon, Master Heilin, Master Mabin, Eynniaun, son of Rodri, Kadugaun, son of Grifri, Dauid Goch, Edenewein Flam, Goroney, son of Eynniaun. -- Given in the year of the Incarnation of the Lord 1201 into the hand of P(hilipp) abbots.

Sale by Gwenwynwyn ap Owain,

Sale by Wennunwen, son of Owin, to the monks of Stradmarchell, in free, quiet and perpetual possession, for eighteen pounds, of the whole land called Randir Gwiaun, in all its bounds and appurtenances, both below and above namely, in wood and plain, in meadows and pastures, and in all its uses and utilities. He has sold the said land to the said monks, by the counsel and consent of the heirs of that land, namely Gwiaun, son of Gwiaun, and his sons who had sold their half of the said land to the monks, in perpetual possession for a suitable price; likewise by the counsel and consent of the sons of Owin, the son of Kendelo, namely Luelin and Griffud and Goronoy, and also of the sons of Yago, namely Ioruerth and Aun, the other half of the said land is sold to the monks in perpetual possession. Wennunwen, accordingly, wishes that the monks shall possess, by right, for ever, the said land in all its bounds and appurtenances, fully, entirely, freely, quietly, well and in peace, honourably, without any exaction and secular custom. Lest the sale shall be disturbed in future, it is sealed and attested by witnesses. Witnesses: Sulian, archdeacon, Master Helin, Lewelin, son of Owin, Kadugan, son of Grifri, Edenewein Flam, David Goch, John Glaswen. The sale of half of the said land was made in the year of the Incarnation of the Lord 1206 and the remaining half in the following year.

Judgement of Maredudd ap Rhobert,

Judgement of Maredud, son of Robert, lord of Kedewig, appointed by Prince Lewelin, lord of Wales, to decide the controversy moved between the heirs of Hirarht and Deupiw and those who are called fetonieht, who reclaimed the said lands against these heirs. At the peremptory day and lawful place, namely Landinan, before wise and the best men the reclaim of those called fetanieht and their challenge was, by right and justly and justly determined and settled. At the time there was offered them the judgement of good men called deduriht, but they refused, knowing that by this they would come to nothing. Afterwards they consented that twenty four of the best men of the province of Arwistli should come to decide on their challenge, if they had any right to the said lands. All these best men were sworn publicly, if they knew of their right to the said lands, namely their reclaim in that cause, then they ought to seek right again by the decision of the wise men. The wise men of Arwistli, who conducted the proceedings, namely, Kenher, son of Kadugan, Ioab, son of Ioruerht, of Kedewig, and Idneuet, son of Goronui, Ioruerht Pastan, and other wise and discrete men from other provinces who judged them, namely the fetanihet, not to be the heirs of the said lands, with their stock, for ever. When those who are called fehanihet saw that their right was failing on every side, they withdrew defeated in law. But in the days of Howel, son of Ioab, those fetanihet were deprived of right and justly of those lands. The witnesses of this were: Ioruerht, dean, son of Howel, and Cuneda, his brother, the two sons of Owin Brihtir, namely David and Owin, the two sons of Ioruerht, namely Einniaun and Grifri, Mil, son of Ithael, Madauc Tanhur, the three sons of Grifud, son of Kadugan, namely Meilir, Seisehll, Ioruerht, Grifud, son of Meilir, Adam, son of Ioruerht, Gorgeneu, son of Glasadein, Enir Uates, Kediuor, son of Iohannis, Peredur, son of Ioruerht, Grifud son of Ioab.

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