- 1535-1920 (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
1.047 cubic metres (30 boxes, 6 iron cases, 3 tubes, 4 volumes)
Name of creator
The Lloyds of Gwrych Castle can be traced back to David Lloyd of Plas yn Gwrych in 1608. In 1787 Frances Lloyd, daughter of the Rev. John Lloyd and co-heiress of Henry Wrych, married Robert Bamford-Hesketh of Bamford Hall and Upton, who was the son of Robert Hesketh, of Upton, Cheshire. Through marriage the family had acquired land in Cheshire and Lancashire. It was this Robert Hesketh of Upton who acquired the Bamford estates following his marriage to an heiress named Nicholson. He was succeeded by his heir, Lloyd Hesketh Bamford-Hesketh (1788-1861), who married Lady Emily Esther Ann Lygon, youngest daughter of the 1st Earl of Beauchamp in 1825. It was Lloyd Hesketh Bamford-Hesketh who built Gwrych Castle in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was followed by his son Robert Bamford-Hesketh,1826-1894, who married Ellen Jones-Bateman in 1851. He bought various parcels of land and in 1873 the estate measured 3424 acres of land, along with a number of coal mines in North Wales.
Winifred Bamford-Hesketh (b. 1859), Robert Bamford-Hesketh's sole heiress, married Douglas Mackinnon Baillie Hamilton, 12th Earl of Dundonald in 1878. In 1919, she sold some of the old buildings on the estate, along with the Llanddulas limestone quarry and some mines. In her will, she bequeathed Gwrych to Prince George, later King George V, who was unable to accept the gift and sold the castle, which was later on re-purchased by the Earl of Dundonald for £70,000.
Thomas Hesketh Douglas Blair, Lord Cochrane, 13th Earl of Dundonald, sold Gwrych Castle mansion in 1946 for £12,000, along with the remainder of the estate.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Deposited by the Earl of Dundonald in 1942 and subsequently purchased by NLW in July 1975.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Deeds and documents, 1535-1920, relating to the Gwrych Castle estate of the Lloyd, Bamford and Hesketh families in Denbighshire, Flintshire, Cheshire, Lancashire and Derbyshire; minutes and other papers of the manor of Cheadle Hulme, 1735-1817; accounts of Bamford and Crimble collieries, Lancashire, 1825-1832, and of lead mining ventures in Abergele; rentals and accounts of the Gwrych Castle estate, 1818-1920; maps and plans; and pedigrees of the Lloyd family of Plas yn y Gwrych and Hesketh families.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
Action: All records purchased by NLW have been retained..
Accruals are not expected.
System of arrangement
The archive was arranged mainly into parcels prior to its deposit at NLW in 1942 using reference numbers contained in a volume received from Messrs. Dawson & Co., London, which was returned in January 1943. This arrangement has been retained by NLW.
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.
Conditions governing reproduction
Usual copyright laws apply.
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
Some of the collection has suffered from damp.
A hard copy of the catalogue is available at NLW.
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related units of description
Title supplied from contents of fonds.
Virtua system control number
GEAC system control number
Subject access points
- Coal mines and mining -- England -- Lancashire
- Manors -- England -- Cheadle Hulme
- Manorial courts -- England -- Cheadle Hulme
- Administration of estates -- Wales -- Denbighshire
- Administration of estates -- Wales -- Flintshire
- Administration of estates -- England -- Lancashire
- Administration of estates -- England -- Cheshire.
- Lead mines and mining -- Wales -- Abergele
- Cheadle Hulme (England : manor)
Place access points
Name access points
- Gwrych Castle Estate (Wales) -- Archives (Subject)
- Bamford Colliery (England) (Subject)
- Crimble Colliery (England) (Subject)
- Gwrych Castle Estate (Wales) (Subject)
- Bamford-Hesketh family, of Gwrych Castle -- Archives (Subject)
- Lloyd family, of Gwrych Castle -- Archives (Subject)
- Cochrane family, Earls of Dundonald -- Archives (Subject)
- Bamford-Hesketh family, of Gwrych Castle (Subject)
- Lloyd family, of Gwrych Castle (Subject)
Description control area
Rules and/or conventions used
This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH
Level of detail
Dates of creation revision deletion
The following sources were used in the preparation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Angelsey and Carnarvonshire Families (Horncastle, 1914), Baker, M., The Rise and Fall of Gwrych Castle (Colwyn Bay, 1999)
Compiled by Mair James.