Fonds GB 0210 GWRYCH - Gwrych Castle Estate Records

Ardal dynodi

Cod cyfeirnod

GB 0210 GWRYCH

Teitl

Gwrych Castle Estate Records

Dyddiad(au)

  • 1535-1920 (Creation)

Lefel y disgrifiad

Fonds

Maint a chyfrwng

1.047 cubic metres (30 boxes, 6 iron cases, 3 tubes, 4 volumes)

Ardal cyd-destun

Enw'r crëwr

Hanes bywgraffyddol

The Lloyds of Gwrych Castle can be traced back to David Lloyd of Plas yn Gwrych in 1608. In 1787 Frances Lloyd, daughter of the Rev. John Lloyd and co-heiress of Henry Wrych, married Robert Bamford-Hesketh of Bamford Hall and Upton, who was the son of Robert Hesketh, of Upton, Cheshire. Through marriage the family had acquired land in Cheshire and Lancashire. It was this Robert Hesketh of Upton who acquired the Bamford estates following his marriage to an heiress named Nicholson. He was succeeded by his heir, Lloyd Hesketh Bamford-Hesketh (1788-1861), who married Lady Emily Esther Ann Lygon, youngest daughter of the 1st Earl of Beauchamp in 1825. It was Lloyd Hesketh Bamford-Hesketh who built Gwrych Castle in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was followed by his son Robert Bamford-Hesketh,1826-1894, who married Ellen Jones-Bateman in 1851. He bought various parcels of land and in 1873 the estate measured 3424 acres of land, along with a number of coal mines in North Wales.

Winifred Bamford-Hesketh (b. 1859), Robert Bamford-Hesketh's sole heiress, married Douglas Mackinnon Baillie Hamilton, 12th Earl of Dundonald in 1878. In 1919, she sold some of the old buildings on the estate, along with the Llanddulas limestone quarry and some mines. In her will, she bequeathed Gwrych to Prince George, later King George V, who was unable to accept the gift and sold the castle, which was later on re-purchased by the Earl of Dundonald for £70,000.

Thomas Hesketh Douglas Blair, Lord Cochrane, 13th Earl of Dundonald, sold Gwrych Castle mansion in 1946 for £12,000, along with the remainder of the estate.

Hanes archifol

Ffynhonnell

Deposited by the Earl of Dundonald in 1942 and subsequently purchased by NLW in July 1975.

Ardal cynnwys a strwythur

Natur a chynnwys

Deeds and documents, 1535-1920, relating to the Gwrych Castle estate of the Lloyd, Bamford and Hesketh families in Denbighshire, Flintshire, Cheshire, Lancashire and Derbyshire; minutes and other papers of the manor of Cheadle Hulme, 1735-1817; accounts of Bamford and Crimble collieries, Lancashire, 1825-1832, and of lead mining ventures in Abergele; rentals and accounts of the Gwrych Castle estate, 1818-1920; maps and plans; and pedigrees of the Lloyd family of Plas yn y Gwrych and Hesketh families.

Gwerthuso, dinistrio ac amserlennu

Action: All records purchased by NLW have been retained..

Croniadau

Accruals are not expected.

System o drefniant

The archive was arranged mainly into parcels prior to its deposit at NLW in 1942 using reference numbers contained in a volume received from Messrs. Dawson & Co., London, which was returned in January 1943. This arrangement has been retained by NLW.

Ardal amodau mynediad a defnydd

Amodau rheoli mynediad

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Amodau rheoli atgynhyrchu

Usual copyright laws apply.

Iaith y deunydd

  • Saesneg
  • Lladin

Sgript o ddeunydd

Nodiadau iaith a sgript

English, Latin.

Cyflwr ac anghenion technegol

Some of the collection has suffered from damp.

Cymhorthion chwilio

A hard copy of the catalogue is available at NLW.

Ardal deunyddiau perthynol

Bodolaeth a lleoliad y gwreiddiol

Bodolaeth a lleoliad copïau

Text

Unedau o ddisgrifiad cysylltiedig

A manuscript survey by T. G. Cummings, 1828, of the Gwrych Castle estate is in National Library of Wales, Map Collections.

Disgrifiadau cysylltiedig

Ardal nodiadau

Nodiadau

Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Dynodwr(dynodwyr) eraill

Virtua system control number

GEAC system control number

Pwyntiau mynediad

Pwyntiau mynediad lleoedd

Ardal rheolaeth disgrifiad

Dynodwr disgrifiad

Dynodwr sefydliad

Rheolau a/neu confensiynau a ddefnyddiwyd

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH

Statws

Lefel manylder disgrifiad

Dyddiadau creadigaeth adolygiad dilead

April 2001.

Iaith(ieithoedd)

  • Saesneg

Sgript(iau)

Ffynonellau

The following sources were used in the preparation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Angelsey and Carnarvonshire Families (Horncastle, 1914), Baker, M., The Rise and Fall of Gwrych Castle (Colwyn Bay, 1999)

Nodyn yr archifydd

Compiled by Mair James.

Ardal derbyn