Fonds GB 0210 BUTE - Bute Estate Records,

Identity area

Reference code

GB 0210 BUTE


Bute Estate Records,


  • 1319-1936 (accumulated 1547-1936) / (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

6.046 cubic metres (500 boxes, 143 vols, 4 outsize rolls)

Context area

Name of creator

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by the Fifth Marquis of Bute in July 1950.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Records mainly of the Glamorgan estate of the marquesses of Bute and of their predecessors, the earls of Pembroke. These include letters, 1588-1855, including letters of the Herbert family of Cogan Pill, 1588-1719, but primarily the personal and estate correspondence of John, second marquis of Bute, 1804-1855, (including letters relating to Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire (Kirtling: Lady Bute's property) and County Durham estates); deeds, [1319]-1937; surveys, 1570-1842; rentals of the Glamorgan estate, 1728-1893, and the Cardiff estate, 1842-1895, estate and manorial accounts, 1573-1873; manorial records and deeds of over seventy manors, mainly in Glamorgan, [?1373]-1847; family settlements, [early 17 cent.]-1902; family probate records, 1612-1900; and legal and case papers, 1642-1921; correspondence of Alice, Lady Windsor, 1757-1776; a substantial number of copies of Acts of Parliament, relating mainly to roads, canals, docks and harbours, railways, public works and utilities, 1771-1928; and miscellaneous records. -- The archive illustrates the history of Glamorgan; the corporate life of the boroughs of Cardiff, Cowbridge and Llantrisant; the urbanization of the South Wales valleys, especially Merthyr Tydfil and Aberdare; the Glamorgan Commission of the Peace; the county militia and yeomanry, 1815-1837; the development of the coal and other industries (it includes papers relating to minerals and ironworks 16th-early 20th cent., accounts of coal shipped from Neath, etc. 1626-1682, quarry and lime kiln accounts 19th cent. Cardiff railway, dock and harbour papers and plans, 19th-20th cent.); labour and political unrest, including Chartism, Scotch Cattle, Rebecca riots; early trade unions; and the history of Cardiff castle, 16th-19th cent., including inventories 1581, 1585, estimate of repairs 1590 and plans of grounds.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained..


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

The archive was preliminary arranged in 1955, based on the estate solicitor's lists of the contents. Part of the archive, including most of the manorial records, was later calendared on index cards and added to the preliminary schedule of the 1955 arrangement. An arrangement of the whole archive was completed in 1998, replacing the call numbers in the 1955 schedule. The archive is now arranged into the following groups: estate administration, manorial records, deeds, legal papers, Acts of Parliament, official records, schedules, books, artefacts and miscellaneous.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English
  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Latin.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed online from The National Archives Manorial Documents Register at

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Further papers relating to the Bute estate in Wales are Glamorgan Record Office, DA (Bute) and DB (Bute Glamorgan estates), and Cardiff Central Library, Bute Documents and Cardiff MSS (passim). Copies of the catalogues to all four collections are available on the open shelves at NLW; microfilm copies of most of the Cardiff MSS are also available at NLW. A further collection of letters, 1841-1845, of Lieutenant F. Dornford, dockmaster at the Bute docks, is Glamorgan Record Office, DXJO. Records of Scottish and English estates include Durham County Record Office, D/CG 6,19-20; Durham University Library, PD/CB Bute; Bedfordshire & Luton Archives & Record Service, Z486; and a collection in the possession of the Bute family. The personal papers of the first marquis are in the Harrowby collection at Sandon Hall. Some estate maps are in NLW, Map Collections.

Related descriptions

Publication note

Charles, B. G., 'Deposited Collections 24. The Marquess of Bute collection', National Library of Wales Journal, vol. vii (1951-52), pp. 246-58; Davies, John, Cardiff and the Marquesses of Bute (Cardiff, 1981).

Notes area


Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

April 2001.


  • English



Archivist's note

Complied by Mair James.

Archivist's note

The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Principal family and estate collections L-W (London, 1999); Davies, John, Cardiff and the Marquesses of Bute (Cardiff, 1981), NLW , Schedule of Bute Estate Records;

Accession area

Related places