Fonds GB 0210 BRYANA - Brynbella 'Piozziana'

Identity area

Reference code



Brynbella 'Piozziana'


  • 1564-1857 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.029 cubic metres (1 box)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Hester Lynch Piozzi (1741-1821) inherited the Bachegraig estate of the Salusbury family on the death of her mother, Hester Maria, in 1773. The estate comprised a wood, a few farms, a dilapidated church and a few cottages, along with Bachegraig House. Hester and her husband, Gabriele Piozzi (d. 1809) built a new house on the estate called Brynbella, taking up residence in 1795. Bachegraig was the earliest example of a brick house in Wales, erected by Sir Richard Clough in 1567 at the foot of Tremeirchion Hill.

Hester was the daughter of John Salusbury (1710-1762) of Bachegraig, Governor of Nova Scotia and Hester Maria (d. 1773), a descendant of the Salusbury family of Lleweni. Hester married firstly, Henry Thrale (d. 1781), a London brewer. In 1784, she married secondly, Gabriele Piozzi, an Italian music master. In January 1798 Hester and Gabriele adopted the five year old son of Gabriele's brother, Giovanne Battiste. The boy became known as John Piozzi (d. 1858). Hester was part of a literary circle, and was a friend and correspondent of Dr Samuel Johnson.

The Brynbella estate passed to John on his marriage to Harriet Maria Pemberton of Condover Hall, Shropshire. Hester thereafter resided at Bath. Sir John was knighted in 1817 and became known as Sir John Salusbury Piozzi Salusbury.

Name of creator

Biographical history

Name of creator

Administrative history

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Donated by Mrs K.M. Evans, Brynbella, St Asaph, in May 1944.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Deeds, 1564-1857, relating to the Bachegraig estate, Flintshire; brief diary entries of Gabriel and Hester Lynch Piozzi, 1797-1812 (NLW MSS 11096-102); correspondence, 1756-1823 (NLW MS 11103D); heraldic and genealogical records, 1813 (NLW Rolls 223); and a survey and valuation of the Bachegraig estate, 1790, which also includes accounts, 1788-1807 (NLW MS 11104C).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All the records donated to NLW have been retained.


Accruals are not expected

System of arrangement

Arranged into deeds and manuscripts. The deeds are arranged chronologically; the manuscripts which were removed from the archive on receipt at NLW are NLW MSS 11096-11104 and NLW Roll 223.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English
  • French
  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Latin, French

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. The manuscripts are also described in NLW, Handlist of Manuscripts, vol.III, pp. 306-7.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

The archive was split up on receipt at NLW. Diaries and correspondence were transferred to NLW MSS; heraldic and geneaological records were transferred to NLW Rolls series; maps were added to the Map Collections and printed books were transferred to the Department of Printed Books.
The main collection of Hester Lynch Piozzi's papers are Manchester University, John Rylands Library, Eng MSS 530-660; 891-3. Further papers relating to their Welsh estates are NLW Deeds 495-533.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used

Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH.


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

April 2002


  • English



The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families,(Wrexham, 1998 reprint); Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940, (London, 1959);, April 2002, ; Fowler, E.G., John Salusbury Piozzi Salusbury The Italian Welshman, (Ruthin, 1993).

Archivist's note

Compiled by Mair James.

Accession area