- 1564-1857 (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
0.029 cubic metres (1 box)
Name of creator
Hester Lynch Piozzi (1741-1821) inherited the Bachegraig estate of the Salusbury family on the death of her mother, Hester Maria, in 1773. The estate comprised a wood, a few farms, a dilapidated church and a few cottages, along with Bachegraig House. Hester and her husband, Gabriele Piozzi (d. 1809) built a new house on the estate called Brynbella, taking up residence in 1795. Bachegraig was the earliest example of a brick house in Wales, erected by Sir Richard Clough in 1567 at the foot of Tremeirchion Hill.
Hester was the daughter of John Salusbury (1710-1762) of Bachegraig, Governor of Nova Scotia and Hester Maria (d. 1773), a descendant of the Salusbury family of Lleweni. Hester married firstly, Henry Thrale (d. 1781), a London brewer. In 1784, she married secondly, Gabriele Piozzi, an Italian music master. In January 1798 Hester and Gabriele adopted the five year old son of Gabriele's brother, Giovanne Battiste. The boy became known as John Piozzi (d. 1858). Hester was part of a literary circle, and was a friend and correspondent of Dr Samuel Johnson.
The Brynbella estate passed to John on his marriage to Harriet Maria Pemberton of Condover Hall, Shropshire. Hester thereafter resided at Bath. Sir John was knighted in 1817 and became known as Sir John Salusbury Piozzi Salusbury.
Name of creator
Name of creator
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Donated by Mrs K.M. Evans, Brynbella, St Asaph, in May 1944.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Deeds, 1564-1857, relating to the Bachegraig estate, Flintshire; brief diary entries of Gabriel and Hester Lynch Piozzi, 1797-1812 (NLW MSS 11096-102); correspondence, 1756-1823 (NLW MS 11103D); heraldic and genealogical records, 1813 (NLW Rolls 223); and a survey and valuation of the Bachegraig estate, 1790, which also includes accounts, 1788-1807 (NLW MS 11104C).
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
Action: All the records donated to NLW have been retained.
Accruals are not expected
System of arrangement
Arranged into deeds and manuscripts. The deeds are arranged chronologically; the manuscripts which were removed from the archive on receipt at NLW are NLW MSS 11096-11104 and NLW Roll 223.
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Conditions governing reproduction
Usual copyright laws apply.
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
English, Latin, French
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. The manuscripts are also described in NLW, Handlist of Manuscripts, vol.III, pp. 306-7.
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related units of description
Title supplied from contents of fonds.
Virtua system control number
GEAC system control number
Subject access points
Name access points
Genre access points
Description control area
Rules and/or conventions used
Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH.
Level of detail
Dates of creation revision deletion
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families,(Wrexham, 1998 reprint); Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940, (London, 1959); http://www.thrale.com/, April 2002, ; Fowler, E.G., John Salusbury Piozzi Salusbury The Italian Welshman, (Ruthin, 1993).
Compiled by Mair James.