Fonds GB 0210 VOELAS - Voelas and Cefnamwlch Estate Records,

Identity area

Reference code



Voelas and Cefnamwlch Estate Records,


  • 1742-1952 / (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

2.087 cubic metres (78 boxes, 287 vols)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The Cefnamwlch estate in Caernarfonshire was in the possession of the Griffith family from at least the 15th century until the end of the 18th century. William Griffith (1721-1752) married Sidney Wynne, daughter of Cadwaladr Wynne of Voelas, Denbighshire. Their son, John Griffith (d. 1794) was the last of the Griffith family to live at Cefnamwlch. Dying unmarried, he bequeathed the estate to his cousin, Jane Wynne (d. 1811) of Voelas, who married the Hon. Charles Finch, brother to the Earl of Aylesford, who had inherited the manor of Pooley Hall, Warwickshire, from his godfather, Charles Jennens of Gopsall Hall, Leicestershire, in 1773.

The Wynne family had been settled at Voelas since the times of Cadwaladr ap Maurice (d. 1611) who was granted Voelas by Henry VIII in 1545-1546. The estate then descended in the male line until Watkin Wynne (1717-74), whose heir was his daughter, Jane Wynne (d. 1811). Both the Voelas and Cefnamwlch estates passed to their son, Charles Wynne (1780-1865), who assumed the names of Griffith-Wynne in lieu of Finch. He was succeeded by his son Charles Wynne who assumed the additional name of Finch. On the death of Charles's son, Charles Arthur Wynne Finch in 1903, the Voelas estate passed to his second son, John Charles Wynne Finch (b. 1891), while the Cefnamwlch estate passed to his third son, William Heneage Wynne Finch (b. 1893).

According to the 1873 return of owners of land, Charles Wynne Finch, of Foelas, Denbighshire, and Cefnamwlch owned an estimated 13,591 acres in Wales (all in Caernarfonshire and Denbighshire) with an estimated rental of £7,687.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

John Charles Wynne Finch; Voelas, Betws-y-Coed; Deposit; 1956, 1960 and 1970

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Records of the Voelas and Cefnamwlch estates in Denbighshire and Caernarfonshire, mainly 19 cent.-20 cent.; including rentals, 1808-1949, uncommonly full estate correspondence, 1866-1948, building accounts, 1865-1870, estate ledgers, 1866-1912, title deeds, 1726-1956, valuations, 1855-1945; records of the Pooley estate, Warwickshire, and the Pooley Hall colliery, 1838-1909; and family and personal papers of the Wynne and Wynne-Finch families, including letters from Alice Mary Sybil Wynne Finch, 1914-1917, William Heneage Wynne Finch, 1919-1929, and John Charles Wynne Finch, 1924-1945.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained..


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged by record type and then chronologically.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes


Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Hard copies of the catalogues are available at NLW and HMC.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

A number of maps and plans, mainly architectural drawings relating to properties on the estate, are NLW, Map Collections, Voelas 1-294 and 1996/00101. Further papers relating to the estate in Wales are NLW MS 18939A, NLW, BRA 1956; NLW Deeds 1448-61; Department of Archives Manuscripts, University of Wales Bangor Library, Cefn Amwlch MSS; and Caernarfon Record Office, XD/32. Papers relating to the family's Cahir estate in County Tipperary are Caernarfon Record Office, XD/32A, and further papers relating to their Pooley Hall estate, Warwickshire, are Caernarfon Record Office, XD/32B.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Place access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

June 2002.


  • English



Archivist's note

Compiled by Mair James.

Archivist's note

The following sources were used in the completion of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint); James, Brian, 'The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873', National Library of Wales Journal, vol. XIV (1965-66); Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); NLW, Catalogue of Voelas and Cefnamwlch Estate Papers;

Accession area

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