Fonds GB 0210 TELLIS - Thomas Edward Ellis Papers

Identity area

Reference code



Thomas Edward Ellis Papers


  • 1876-1929 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.23 cubic metres (22 boxes, 1 frame, 4 volumes)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Thomas Edward (Tom) Ellis (1859-1899), politician, was Liberal MP for Merioneth, 1886-1899, and chief Liberal whip, 1894-1895. He was born at Cynlas, Cefnddwysarn, Llanfor, Merionethshire, and educated in Llandderfel and Bala, before going to University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1875-1879. He joined New College, Oxford, in 1880, graduating in 1884 with a BA in Modern History, adding an MA in 1897. He became the private secretary of John Brunner, MP for Northwich, Cheshire, and in August 1886 he was elected as Liberal MP for Merioneth. By 1892, he was second whip in Gladstone's Liberal Government, and was chief Liberal whip, 1894-1895, under Lord Rosebery. He vigorously promoted Welsh interests in Parliament, advocating the disestablishment of the Church of England in Wales, the creation of a Welsh assembly and national library, and pushing through the establishment of a Royal Commission on land in Wales and Monmouthshire. At one time he was a prominent member of the Cymru Fydd movement. He had a great influence on educational administration in Wales. He contributed to the passing of the Welsh Intermediate and Technical Education Act 1889, and was a member the University of Wales Court and the Central Welsh Board. He was the founder of the University of Wales' Old Students' Association. He married Annie Jane Davies (1873-1942) of Cwrt-mawr, Llangeitho, Cardiganshire, in 1898. However, his health was fragile, and he died on 5 April 1899, while in Cannes, France, and was buried at Cefnddwysarn. His only son, T. I. Ellis, was born eight months later. A volume entitled Speeches and Addresses was published by Hughes and Son, Wrexham, in 1912. His widow subsequently married the Rev. Peter Hughes Griffiths (1871-1937).

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by his son, Mr T. I. Ellis, Aberystwyth, 1961-1969. Converted into a donation by Mrs Mari Ellis, 1996.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Letters written to T. E. Ellis, 1876-1899, from correspondents including A. H. D. Acland, D. R. Daniel, Ellis Jones Griffith, Lord Rosebery and others; drafts and copies of letters by T. E. Ellis, [c. 1879]-1899; miscellaneous correspondence and papers concerning T. E. Ellis, 1886-1929; diaries, 1889-1897; newspaper cuttings, printed matter, notes, petitions and papers on political matters, 1877-1910; and family papers, consisting mainly of letters to Mrs T. E. Ellis, 1897-1929.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

All records deposited at the National Library of Wales have been retained.


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged into the following: letters to T. E. Ellis; letters and copies of letters by him; parliamentary and personal papers; miscellaneous correspondence and papers; further T. E. Ellis correspondence and papers (1964-1969 deposits); and family papers.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English
  • Welsh

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Welsh.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Hard copies of the catalogues (in two volumes) are available at the National Library of Wales. The catalogues are available online.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Further papers are National Library of Wales, D. R. Daniel Collection, T. I. Ellis Papers, Sir Ellis Jones Ellis-Griffith Papers; Meirionnydd Archives, ZM/4929; National Library of Scotland, Manuscripts Division, MSS 10008-10249 Passim; Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections and Western Manuscripts, MSS Harcourt; and British Library, Manuscript Collections, Add MS 46022.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title based on contents of fonds.


Correspondence and other items after 1899 relate mostly to his widow.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


Project identifier


Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used

Description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.;AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

February 2003


  • English



The following sources were used to compile this description: NLW, Thomas Edward Ellis Collection; NLW, Thomas Edward Ellis Collection (Additional Papers); Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Wyn Griffith, Thomas Edward Ellis 1859-1899 (Llandybie, 1959).

Archivist's note

Compiled by Rhys Jones for the ANW project.

Accession area