Fonds GB 0210 ROPMON - Roparz Hemon Collection of Breton Manuscripts,

Identity area

Reference code

GB 0210 ROPMON

Title

Roparz Hemon Collection of Breton Manuscripts,

Date(s)

  • [18th-19th century] (accumulated [1948]-1973) / (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

0.067 cubic metres (3 boxes)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Roparz Hemon (born Louis P. Nemo), Breton writer and scholar, was born in Brest, France, the second of six children. He trained as an English teacher, studying English and History at Leeds University. In 1922, Nemo began writing in Breton; his short story 'An Diouganer' was published in 1923, under the pseudonym Roparz Loeiz Hemon. Soon afterwards, he dropped the Loeiz and signed himself Roparz Hemon; this became his name within the Breton nationalist movement. He launched the literary journal Gwalarn with Olier Mordrel in 1925. During the Nazi Occupation, he was appointed Director of Radio-Rennes and the station began regular broadcasts in Breton. This ended with the Allied invasion of France in 1944, and the French government accused many Breton nationalists of collaboration with the Germans. Together with other Breton nationalists, he was sentenced to ten years `indignite nationale'. Under restrictions, he moved to Ireland, where he worked at the Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies. Despite a general amnesty, he decided to remain in Ireland. He published La Langue Bretonne et ses Combats (La Baule, 1947). Although he spent forty years in exile, he was an influential figure in Breton cultural affairs, and part of his campaign for oral literature was the increasing emphasis he placed on the theatre. From 1945 to 1971, he published seventeen plays. He attended the Celtic Congress in Bangor, Wales, in 1949, during which the Breton branch of the Celtic Congress was established. He died in 1978 and was buried in Brest.

Name of creator

Biographical history

Roparz Hemon (born Louis P. Nemo), Breton writer and scholar, was born in Brest, France, the second of six children. He trained as an English teacher, studying English and History at Leeds University. In 1922, Nemo began writing in Breton; his short story 'An Diouganer' was published in 1923, under the pseudonym Roparz Loeiz Hemon. Soon afterwards, he dropped the Loeiz and signed himself Roparz Hemon; this became his name within the Breton nationalist movement. He launched the literary journal Gwalarn with Olier Mordrel in 1925. During the Nazi Occupation, he was appointed Director of Radio-Rennes and the station began regular broadcasts in Breton. This ended with the Allied invasion of France in 1944, and the French government accused many Breton nationalists of collaboration with the Germans. Together with other Breton nationalists, he was sentenced to ten years 'indignite nationale'. In July 1947, he addressed the Celtic Congress meeting in Dublin on the unification of Breton. Under restrictions, he moved to Ireland, where he worked at the Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies. Despite a general amnesty, he decided to remain in Ireland. He published La Langue Bretonne et ses Combats (La Baule, 1947). Although he spent forty years in exile, he was an influential figure in Breton cultural affairs, and part of his campaign for oral literature was the increasing emphasis he placed on the theatre. From 1945-1971, he published seventeen plays. He attended the Celtic Congress in Bangor, Wales, in 1949, during which the Breton branch of the Celtic Congress was established. He died in 1978 and was buried in Brest.

Archival history

Apart from no. 15 (given to Roparz Hemon by Father A. Calvez of Lannion), the manuscripts belonged to the Breton scholar, Emile Ernault of Saint-Brieuc. After his death, they were acquired by Father L. Le Floc'h, parish priest of Louannac, who gave them to Roparz Hemon. Most of them (nos 1-11) were collected in the nineteenth century by J. M. Lejean. They formed part of the collection of Leon Bureau of Nantes.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by The Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies per the late Professor David Greene, MA in 1981.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Twenty two Breton manuscripts, comprising religious plays and sermons, [18th-19th centuries], acquired by Roparz Hemon, and listed in Revue Celtique V, pp. 327-8.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at the National Library of Wales have been retained..

Accruals

Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged into plays and sermons.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright regulations apply.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Breton.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

A hard copy of the catalogue is available at the National Library of Wales. The catalogue can be accessed online.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

His personal papers are NLW, Roparz Hemon Papers.

Related descriptions

Notes area

Note

Title compiled from content of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number

vtls003844188

Project identifier

ANW

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used

Description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

March 2003.

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

Archivist's note

Compiled by Seri Crawley for the ANW Project. The following sources were used for the preparation of the description: NLW annual report 1980/81, p. 75; NLW Schedule of Roparz Hemon Manuscripts; NLW Schedule Of Roparz Hemon Papers; National Library of Wales Journal, vol. 32, no. 2 (2001); Morgan, Sylvia, "Roparz Hemon and the Breton cultural movement in the twentieth century" (D.Phil. Thesis, University of Oxford, 1979);

Accession area

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Physical storage

  • Text: Roparz Hemon Collection of Breton Manuscripts.