Fonds GB 210 PETELL - Peterwell and Falcondale Estate Records,

Identity area

Reference code

GB 210 PETELL

Title

Peterwell and Falcondale Estate Records,

Date(s)

  • 1696-1975 / (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

0.381 cubic metres (14 boxes)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

David Evans bought the land and built the first house at Peterwell near Lampeter, Cardiganshire, in Charles I's reign. The Evans family were originally from Llechwedd Deri. Subsequently the Peterwell and Llechwedd Deri estates passed to the Lloyd family when Mary, widow of Daniel Evans, married secondly John Lloyd of Bwchllaethwen, Llangwynne, who came to reside at Peterwell. His daughter, Eleanor married Sir Thomas Stepney and their daughter, Elizabeth married Walter Lloyd (d. 1747) a lawyer from Foelallt, Llanfairclydogau, Carmarthenshire, and they settled in Peterwell, which with Llechwedd Deri had come to Elizabeth as co-heiress.

John Lloyd (1718-1755), their eldest son, succeeded to the estates, but he died without issue and the estates passed to his brother, Herbert Lloyd (1720-1769), who was created a baronet in 1763. Due to his large debts he shot himself in August 1769. The estate then passed to his nephew, John Adams of Whitland, M.P. for Carmarthen Borough 1774-1780, the son of Sir Herbert's sister, Elizabeth. He amassed more debts and attempted to sell the estate. Eventually, Albany Wallis, a London attorney, who held the original mortgage, bought the Peterwell estate in 1776. On his death he left the bulk of his fortune to Lady Bailey of Pall Mall for life, with remainder to her son Colonel Bailey Wallis. He sold the estate to Richard Hart-Davies, a partner in Harford Bank, Bristol.

The Harford family of Blaise Castle, Gloucestershire, purchased Peterwell from Richard Hart-Davis in 1820 after he had lost his money in 1819 The estate remained in the hands of the Harford family until 1949. The Harfords chose not to live at Peterwell and erected instead a new mansion at Falcondale about a mile away, which they had acquired at the beginning of the 19th century.

According to the 1873 return of owners of land, John Battersby-Harford, of Falcondale, Cardiganshire, owned an estimated 8,399 acres in Cardiganshire and Carmarthenshire with an estimated rental of £5,660. Their Falcondale estate was sold to the County Council in 1951.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by Major J.C. Harford Lampeter in January 1928 and 1929

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Records of the Peterwell and Falcondale estates of the Harford family, in Cardiganshire and Carmarthenshire, including Peterwell estate papers, 1696-1963, including deeds, accounts, surveys and valuations; Lampeter Town estate papers, 1868-1954, Tresaith estate papers, 1886-1975, Blaise Castle estate papers, 1834-1938; and manorial records relating to the borough of Lampeter, 1741-1848, 19 cent.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained.

Accruals

Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged chronologically into two sections: Section I consisting of Falcondale documents arranged by document type into seven groups. Section II consisting of Peterwell Estate papers arranged into group I (nos 1-192 listed by item) and group II (nos 193-220 listed by bundle).

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form. The following documents in the Falcondale Collection are missing since 1940: Group I - no. 12 , Group III - no. 92, Group V - no. 71, and Group VI - nos 190, 193, 8, 1, 2, 147, 146, 194.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English
  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Latin.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from The National Archives Manorial Documents Register.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Further papers relating to the Harford's Cardiganshire and Gloucestershire estates are Bristol Record Office, 28048.

Related descriptions

Notes area

Note

Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number

vtls004250390

GEAC system control number

(WlAbNL)0000250390

Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

April 2002.

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

Archivist's note

Compiled by Mair James.

Archivist's note

The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Jones, Francis, Historic Cardiganshire Homes and their families, (Newport, 2000); James, Brian, 'The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873', National Library of Wales Journal, XIV; Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, (London, 1959); Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the counties and county families of Wales, (London, 2 vols, 1872), vol. I;

Accession area