Fonds GB 0210 LLYYDD - Llysnewydd Estate Records,

Identity area

Reference code



Llysnewydd Estate Records,


  • 1366-1954 (predominately 1600-1930) / (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.4 cubic metres (15 boxes, 2 volumes)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The Lewes family was descended from the Lewes family of Abernantbychan, Cardiganshire. John Lewes (1680-1742) of Carmarthen married Hester Beynon of Castell Gorfod and purchased the Llanllyr estate in Cardiganshire and Carmarthenshire in 1720 from Henry Sumner. John and Hestor's son, John Lewes (1711-1783) of Llanllyr married Rebecca Price of Dyffryn, Carmarthenshire. He inherited Llysnewydd in the parish of Llangeler, Carmarthenshire, on the death of a cousin. Llysnewydd itself had been in the possession of the Lewes family since 1610 when John Lewes, third son of David Lewes of Gernos, Cardiganshire, purchased the property.

John and Rebecca's son and heir was William Lewes (1746-1828) of Llysnewydd and Llanllyr, who also inherited the Dyffryn estate after 1805 from his relative William Jones. The Dyffryn estate remained in the family until 1882 . It was in the possession of a Colonel W.N. Jones in about 1920.

The Llysnewydd and Llanllyr estates were split up after the death of William Lewes (1746-1828). His eldest son, William Lewes (1789-1848) inherited Llysnewydd. His family still occupied Llysnewydd in 1984. The Llanllyr estate was inherited by William's third son, Captain John Lewes (1793-1860) who was given Llanllyr on his marriage to Mary Anne (1802-42), daughter of John Vaughan Lloyd of Brynog, Cardiganshire, and resided at Brynog. His son, John Lewes (1829-1900) married Mary Jane Griffiths of Llwyndyrys, daughter of the Rev. C. Griffith in 1858. Following his marriage, John Lewes bought his father out of the Llanllyr estate. Llanllyr house was demolished and rebuilt under Colonel John Lewes. He was succeeded by his son John Lewes (1860-1931), who married Louisa Hext from Cornwall in 1890.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

The first group was deposited by Mr. J.G. Protheroe-Beynon, Laugharne, and Mrs Gladys M. Fraser, Llanfair, Llandysul, in 1958. The second group was donated by Mr. David Birch per Mr. Duncan Cameron, Aberaeron, in 1991, and the third group was donated by Mr. David S. Downey, Aberaeron, in 1992.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Deeds relating to the Llysnewydd estate in Carmarthenshire, 1429-1954, Pembrokeshire, England and Ireland, [early 14 cent].-1906; deeds, letters, accounts, etc., relating to industrial development, mainly coal mining, in the Gwendraeth valley, Carmarthenshire, 1645-1760, 1859-1913; deeds of the Gwastod Gwrda estate in the parish of Llanddewibrefi, Cardiganshire, 1731-1892; correspondence, 1704-1919; accounts, 1618-1899, 1945-1946; legal papers, 1707-1880; and maps and plans, 1801-1907.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained..


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged by bundles into the following sections: Carmarthenshire deeds; wills, etc.; Pembroke, England and Ireland; Carmarthenshire industrial deeds; Cardiganshire deeds, letters, rentals and accounts; legal papers; maps and plans; printed material, additional documents and diaries of T.P. Lewes. Very few of these bundles can be described as original bundles, most of them have been formed in the course of sorting and arranging the collection in NLW. The two additional groups which have been donated are arranged chronologically.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes


Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Plans of properties on the Dyffryn estate and maps of Gwastad and other properties in Llanddewibrefi,Cardiganshire, and of Grogwynon and Wernfwyalch in the parish of Llangadog, Carmarthenshire, are in NLW, Map Collections. A bundle of printed papers are also held in NLW. Further papers relating to Llysnewydd estate are in NLW, Amphlett Lewis & Evans Collection (uncatalogued), NLW, Llysnewydd Estate Records, and Carmarthenshire Archive Service, Llysnewydd and Llanllyr Estate Records.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; ACCR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

April 2001.


  • English



Archivist's note

Compiled by Mair James.

Archivist's note

The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Jones, Francis, Historic Carmarthenshire Homes and their families, (Newport, 1997); Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, (London, 2 vols 1872), vol. I;

Accession area