Fonds GB 0210 LLEWENI - Lleweni Estate Records,

Identity area

Reference code



Lleweni Estate Records,


  • [late 13th cent.]-1769 / (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.208 cubic metres (6 boxes)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The Salusbury family were established at Lleweni in the Vale of Clwyd before 1334. Thomas Salusbury killed at the battle of Barnet in 1471 was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir Thomas Salusbury (d. 1505) who fought at the battle of Blackheath in 1497 and was knighted by Henry VII, the first of many honours and officers which the family earned by their loyalty to the Tudor dynasty.

Sir John Salusbury's eldest son and heir, another John Salusbury (d. 1566), predeceased him by twelve years. He was the first husband of Catherine, only daughter and heiress of Tudur ap Robert of Berain in the parish of Llanefydd, Denbighshire. John's eldest son, Thomas Salusbury was executed for treason in 1586. John's heir was therefore his second son, John Salusbury (1567-1612). John left Lleweni to his son, Henry (1589-1632 who was created a baronet in 1619. The estate then descended in the male line until John Salusbury (d. 1684), the 4th and last baronet, who died without issue.

The estate passed to his sister, Hester (d. 1710), wife of Sir Robert Cotton of Combermere. Their great-great-grandson, Sir Robert Salusbury Cotton sold Lleweni to Thomas Fitzmaurice, brother of the 1st Marquess of Landsdowne in 1748.

Archival history

The numbers in square brackets at the end of some entries in the catalogue refer to old reference numbers assigned to items previous to thier acquisition by the National Library of Wales.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Donated by the Francis Lynch Wellington Stapleton-Cotton, 4th Viscount Combermere, in 1926.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Records of the Lleweni estate, Denbighshire, and papers of the Salusbury family of Llewenni, consisting mainly of letters, deeds and other legal documents. The letters are mainly to or from members of the Salusbury family, 1546-1645, the greater number belonging to the last fifteen years of that period, and relating to Sir Thomas Salusbury, the second baronet. The letters are mainly family correspondence and business letters from estate agents, lawyers, and servants of the household. A few are in the nature of news-letters, particularly those written by James Lloyd, [c. 1640], when relations between Charles I and his Parliament were becoming strained. The deeds and legal documents, 1357-1800, relate to the Llewenni estate in Anglesey, Caernarfonshire, Denbighshire and Flintshire.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records donated to NLW have been retained..


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged chronologically into estate records and correspondence.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English
  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Latin.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from The National Archives Manorial Documents Register.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

A further group of deeds relating to the Salusbury family of Lleweni, 1313-1727 are in National Library of Wales, Kinmel Deeds. Further papers relating to the estate and family are Flintshire Record Office, D/BC; Department of Manuscripts, University of Wales Bangor Library, Kinmel MSS; and Manchester University, John Rylands Library, Eng MSS 530-660, Ch 914-1262.

Related descriptions

Publication note

Smith, W.J., ed., Calendar of Salusbury Correspondence 1553 -circa 1700, (Cardiff, 1954).

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

May 2002.


  • English



Archivist's note

Compiled by Mair James.

Archivist's note

The following source was used in the compilation of this description: The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940, (London, 1959);

Accession area