Item NLW MS 17110iE [RESTRICTED ACCESS]. - Liber Landavensis Manuscript.

Identity area

Reference code

NLW MS 17110iE [RESTRICTED ACCESS].

Title

Liber Landavensis Manuscript.

Date(s)

  • [c. 1120]-[c. 1133] (Creation)

Level of description

Item

Extent and medium

iii, 129 ff. (f. 28 verso left blank by scribe; ff. i-ii and 128-129 are modern paper flyleaves; ff. 1-4 and 127 are leaves from other medieval manuscripts reused as flyleaves, perhaps in the 15 cent.) : parchment ; 310 x 215 mm., except quire 16, which is c. 255 x c. 175 mm.

Repaired and re-bound in new covers at NLW in 2007: bound on five twisted double linen sewing supports, in white alum tawed calfskin over quarter-cut cushioned oak boards, with twin cored headbands with back beads over linen cord cores; endpapers of alum tawed calfskin glued to vellum bifolia, and endpaper joints infilled with cotton museum mounting board and lined with archive text paper and panels of calf vellum; housed in a drop back box of archival millboard, covered with buckram and lined with polyester felt. The old covers are now NLW MS 17110iiE.

Context area

Name of creator

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Contents in full (Latin unless otherwise specified): [ff. i-ii blank]; a fragment of unidentified text, largely illegible, probably patristic (f. iii); part of a quodlibet of Simon of Faversham (ff. 1-4 verso [flyleaves]); the Gospel according to St Matthew, from the Vulgate (ff. 5-28); [f. 28 verso blank]; the Life of Elgar the Hermit (f. 29); the Life of St Samson of Dol (ff. 29 verso - 36); a description of the city of Rome, and the titles of the cardinals (f. 36 verso); an account of the pontificate of pope Eleutherius (f. 36 verso); agreement between Robert, earl of Gloucester, and bishop Urban of Llandaf, 1126 (f. 37 recto-verso); papal letters and privileges of pope Honorius II (ff. 37 verso - 42 verso); exhortation of cardinal John of Crema in support of the diocese of Llandaf (f. 43); summons of William, archbishop of Canterbury, to a Council of London, summoned by John of Crema, papal legate, and the statutes of the Council (ff. 43-44 recto); two accounts of bishop Urban's first and second journeys to Rome in 1128 and 1129 (f. 44); papal letters of Honorius II and Innocent II (ff. 44-47 verso); an account of the foundation of Llandaf (ff. 48-49); charters of St Dyfrig (ff. 49-51); the Life of St Dubricius (Dyfrig) (ff. 51-53 verso); letter of Ralph, archbishop of Canterbury, granting an indulgence to those who would assist the church of Llandaf (f. 53 verso); letter of bishop Urban to pope Calixtus II (ff. 53 verso - 54); an account of bishop Urban's activities at the Council of Rheims in 1119 (f. 54); solemn privilege and papal letters of Calixtus II (ff. 54 verso - 56); Canons of the Council of Rheims (f. 56); the Life of St Teliau (Teilo) (ff. 56 verso - 62 verso); the privilege of St Teilo, in Latin (f. 63 recto-verso) and Welsh (f. 63 verso); charters of St Teilo (ff. 64-66 verso); the Life of St Oudoceus (Euddogwy) (ff. 66 verso - 69 verso); charters of St Euddogwy (ff. 69 verso - 75); charters and notes on episcopal successions up to the election of bishop Urban in 1107 (ff. 75-112 verso); the consecration of bishop Herewald (f. 108r-v); confirmation by Morgan Hen (f. 102 recto-verso); 'Omnipotens sempiterne deus ...', a collect for the Feast of St Teilo (f. 113); 'landauen' in tantum ...', dues of the archdeaconry of Llandaf (f. 113); 'Hec beneficia collata sunt Landauensi ecclesie per Henricum landauensem episcopum' (f. 113 verso); 'Nomina regum Britannie ...' to 1199 (f. 113 verso); 'Hec sunt estimaciones ecclesiarum commune landauensi ...', in a late 13 cent. hand (f. 113 verso); transcripts of papal bulls, added in a number of mid 12 cent. hands (f. 114); '[Eleutherius na]tione grecus ...' (f. 114 verso); 'Sub Innocentio ... heresis' (f. 114 verso); 'Memorandum ... monstarunt', dated 1332 (f. 114 verso); 'Pater noster ...' (f. 114 verso); 'Om[nibus] ... Pauli', dated 1245 (f. 115); 'V[niuersis] ... Knaytha et multis aliis' (f. 115); 'Carta Johannis de Hybernia', dated 1328 (f. 115); 'La Newlonde', extracts from the Exchequer of Pleas, 1304-1305 (f. 115 verso); 'In villa Wintonensi ... in episcopos' (f. 115 verso); 'Nos auctoritate ... assignamus', possibly referring to the consecration of Nicholas Ashby, 1441 (f. 115 verso); forms of oath of bishop and canons (f. 116 recto-verso); statutes of bishops William de Braose, 1275, John of Monmouth, 1323, John of Eglesclif, 1326, and John Paschal, 1354 (ff. 116 verso - 117 verso); names of the bishops of Llandaf from Dubricius to John Paschal, consecrated 1344, with a continuation to Theophilus Field, consecrated 1619 (f. 118 recto-verso); various memoranda relating to the diocese of Llandaf, including forms of oaths as on f. 116 (f. 119), statutes as on ff. 116 verso - 117 verso excepting those of John Paschal (ff. 119-120), a list of bishops to John Paschal with later additions to Nicholas Ashby (f. 120), 'Nomina episcoporum qui fuerunt in Ecclesia Landauensi ... Fet a rembrer ke en le tens de ces xl Eueskes ... MoCCCoxlviio. Et obiit apud' (ff. 120 verso - 121 verso), 'De procuracionibus annuis debitis domino Episcopo Landauensi ...' (f. 122 recto-verso), 'Synodalia debita' (ff. 122 verso - 124 verso), 'Nomina prebendarum' (f. 124 verso), 'Decima ad opus domini pape vel domini regis Anglie' (ff. 125-126) and 'Que beneficia ecclesiastica spectant ad collacionem Episcopi Landauensis' (f. 126 verso); and a leaf from a collection of decretal letters of pope Alexander III, mostly addressed to English bishops, and interspersed some of Gregory I and one canon of the third Lateran Council of 1179 (f. 127 recto-verso [flyleaf]); [ff. 128-129 verso blank]. For a fully detailed list of the contents of the manuscript, see Daniel Huws in idem, Medieval Welsh manuscripts, 146-150.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Latin, with some French (ff. 120 verso-121 verso) and Welsh (f. 63 verso)

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

A few leaves have original holes and flaws in the parchment. The outer edges of some leaves have been damaged by damp and rodents, with some loss of text on ff. 1-2, 113-118 and 126. During the 1892 re-binding, starch adhesive was applied, resulting in some cockling where the parchment was already badly mould-softened; also, the original spine folds of the gatherings were cut off at that time, resulting in the loss of some marginalia. Repairs to the parchment were undertaken in 1892, and also before that; remedial action on these repairs was carried out at NLW before the 2007 re-binding, together with new repairs of tears and edge damage on some leaves.

Finding aids

The charters are calendared in Wendy Davies, An Early Welsh Microcosm: Studies in the Llandaff Charters (London, 1978), pp. 164-188, and idem, The Llandaff Charters (Aberystwyth, 1979), pp. 90-130; and the documents relating to the papal courts are calendared in John Reuben Davies, The Book of Llandaff and the Norman Church in Wales (Woodbridge, 2003), pp. 153-159. A list of the contents of the manuscript may be found in Daniel Huws, Medieval Welsh Manuscripts (Cardiff and Aberystwyth, 2000), pp. 146-150.

Generated finding aid

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

A microfilm negative of this manuscript is NLW Film 247 (NM 3), filmed in 1981. A further negative copy is NM 95. No film positives at NLW.

A photostat facsimile of this manuscript, [20 cent.], is NLW MS 7000E.

NLW Peniarth MS 275D is a transcript of this manuscript, made by Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt, 1660.

Online version available on the Library's website http://www.llgc.org.uk/collections/digital-gallery/digitalmirror-manuscripts/the-middle-ages/the-book-of-llandaff/ (viewed May 2014).

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Publication note

A printed edition of the text of ff. 29-126 verso, first published in 1893, is J. Gwenogvryn Evans, The Text of the Book of Llan Dav (facsimile edition; reprinted Aberystwyth, 1979), and detailed accounts of the content and context of the text may be found in Wendy Davies, An Early Welsh Microcosm: Studies in the Llandaff Charters (London, 1978); idem, The Llandaff Charters (Aberystwyth, 1979); and John Reuben Davies, The Book of Llandaff and the Norman Church in Wales (Woodbridge, 2003).

Notes area

Note

Uniform title: Bible.

Note

Title based on contents.

Note

Incipit: 'Evangeliu[m] s[an]cti mathei ev[a]ngeliste' (f. 5).

Note

Secundo folio: 'stella eius in oriente et venimus adorare eu[m]' (f. 6).

Note

Collation: 1(4), 2(8), 3(8), 4(8), 5(8), 6(11) irregular composition and lacks 12-14, 7(8), 8(9) f. 63 inserted, 9(8), 10(8), 11(8), 12(10), 13(9) f. 102 inserted, 14(6) lacks 6-7, 15(5) f. 114 inserted and ff. 115-118 all on guards, 16(8) (f. 127 is a singleton).

Note

Foliation: foliated in pencil in 1980 i-iii, 1-127, 128-129; ff. i-iii and 128-9 are modern paper flyleaves, with a medieval parchment flyleaf guarded on f. iii; ff. 1-4 and 127 are leaves from other medieval manuscripts reused as flyleaves, perhaps 15 cent.; quires 3-15 (ff. 13-118) were foliated [9]-120 in the top right-hand corner c. 1476; ff. 5-12 (quire 2) were numbered 1-8 by a hand of 15 or 16 cent.; the medieval foliation points to the loss of three leaves after f. 47, the loss of two leaves somewhere between ff. 54 and 57 and the loss of one leaf between ff. 111 and 114; where the corners of leaves are defective, a hand of 16 or 17 cent. has here and there tried to make good the medieval foliation, incorrectly on ff. 57-58 and probably on f. 56; another hand of the same period has made good the foliation on ff. 29-31; ff. 29-113 (quires 5-14) are foliated 1-85 in the lower right-hand corner by another hand of 16 or 17 cent. (not later than 1612); Gwenogvryn Evans continued this foliation from f. 114 to the end; ff. 119-126 (quire 16) are paginated 1-16 by a hand of perhaps 17 cent.; a faint pencil foliation of 19 or 20 cent. in the top right-hand corners begins with f. iii and omits f. 43, and coincides with the 1980 foliation from f. 44; column numbers 1-367 were written by Gwenogvryn Evans from f. 29 to f. 126 verso. A concordance of the significant foliations and column numbers is given by Daniel Huws in idem, Medieval Welsh manuscripts, 127.

Note

Written space: quire 1 (ff. 1-4) c. 290 x c. 290 mm. in two columns of c. 70 lines; quire 2 (ff. 5-12) 245 x 160 mm. in two columns of 34 lines; quires 3-14 (ff. 13-113) 245 x 160 mm. in two columns, normally of 35 lines; quire 15 (ff. 114-118) c. 260 x 180 mm., c. 40 long lines; quire 16 (ff. 119-126) 195 x 130 mm., 47 long lines.

Note

Script: Written in a textualis rotunda in two main hands: hand A, ff. 48-112 verso, and hand B, ff. 29-47 verso, 50 verso-51; some additions, glosses and corrections written in English cursive book script (ff. 114 verso, 115, 116-118, 119-127 verso), English cursive documentary (ff. i-iv verso, 113-114 verso, 115, 115 verso, 118 recto-verso) and secretary hand (f. 118 verso) in other hands, 12 and 13 cent.; many marginal annotations, 15 and 16 cent., in many hands. For the identification and classification of the hands, and a comparison with the schema adopted by Gwenogvryn Evans, see Daniel Huws in idem, Medieval Welsh manuscripts, 134-143, 150-154.

Note

Images: a considerable number of manicules throughout, mostly probably [1476x1478] by David Llewelyn, treasurer of Llandaf; representations of papal seals on ff. 38 verso, 42 (both Honorius II) and 55 (Calixtus II); and a number of later pen-trials.

Note

Ink: all hands dark brown, except for hands Pb and Pc (ff. 115 verso-117 verso, and parts of ff. 115, 118 and 118 verso), which are light brown, and hands O (part of f. 115) and Q (parts of f. 118 recto and verso), which are black. Rubrics by the same hands in red, notably by hand B (ff. 29-111); for details of the rubrication, see Daniel Huws in idem, Medieval Welsh manuscripts, 143-44.

Note

Charters: this concordance is intended to aid readers of Wendy Davies, The Llandaff Charters, in locating digital images of the charters on the NLW website. Locations are given in the following format : charter number according to the number of the first page on which it appears in Gwenogvryn Evans's edition/(charter number in consecutive order in the manuscript [in brackets])/folio number(s) in the manuscript : 72a/(1)/f. 49 ; 72b/(2)/f. 49 recto-verso ; 73a/(3)/f. 49 verso ; 73b/(4)/f. 49 verso ; 74/(5)/ff. 49 verso-50 ; 75/(6)/f. 50 ; 76a/(7)/f. 50 ; 76b/(8)/f. 50 recto-verso ; 77/(9)/ff. 50 verso-51 ; 121/(10)/f. 64 ; 122/(11)/f. 64 recto-verso ; 123/(12)/ff. 64 verso-65 ; 125a/(13)/f. 65 ; 125b/(14)/f. 65 recto-verso ; 127a/(15)/f. 65 verso ; 127b/(16)/ff. 65 verso-66 verso ; 140/(17)/f. 69 verso ; 141/(18)/ff. 69 verso-70 verso ; 143/(19)/f. 70 verso ; 144/(20)/ff. 70 verso-71 ; 145/(21)/f. 71 ; 146/(22)/f. 71 recto-verso ; 147/(23)/ff. 71 verso-72 ; 148/(24)/f. 72 ; 149/(25)/f. 72 ; 150a/(26)/f. 72 recto-verso ; 150b/(27)/f. 72 verso ; 151a/(28)/f. 72 verso ; 151b/(29)/f. 72 verso ; 152/(30)/f. 73 recto-verso ; 154/(31)/f. 73 verso ; 155/(32)/ff. 73 verso-74 ; 156/(33)/f. 74 ; 157/(34)/f. 74 recto-verso ; 158/(35)/ff. 74 verso-75 ; 159a/(36)/f. 75 ; 159b/(37)/f. 75 ; 160/(38)/f. 75 recto-verso ; 161/(39)/f. 75 verso ; 162a/(40)/ff. 75 verso-76 ; 162b/(41)/f. 76 ; 163a/(42)/f. 76 ; 163b/(43)/f. 76 recto-verso ; 164/(44)/f. 76 verso ; 165/(45)/ff. 76 verso-77 ; 166/(46)/f. 77 ; 167/(47)/f. 77 recto-verso ; 168/(48)/ff. 77 verso-78 ; 169a/(49)/f. 78 ; 169b/(50)/f. 78 ; 170/(51)/f. 78 recto-verso ; 171a/(52)/f. 78 verso ; 171b/(53)/ff. 78 verso-79 ; 173/(54)/f. 79 recto-verso ; 174a/(55)/f. 79 verso ; 174b/(56)/ff. 79 verso-80 ; 175/(57)/f. 80 ; 176a/(58)/f. 80 ; 176b/(59)/f. 80 recto-verso ; 178/(60)/ff. 80 verso-81 ; 179a/(61)/f. 81 ; 179b/(62)/f. 81 ; 179c/(63)/f. 81 ; 180a/(64)/f. 81 recto-verso ; 180b/(65)/ff. 81 verso-82 ; 183a/(66)/f. 82 ; 183b/(67)/f. 82 recto-verso ; 184/(68)/f. 82 verso ; 185/(69)/ff. 82 verso-83 ; 186a/(70)/f. 83 ; 186b/(71)/f. 83 ; 187/(72)/f. 83 recto-verso ; 188a/(73)/f. 83 verso ; 188b/(74)/f. 83 verso ; 189/(75)/ff. 83 verso-84 ; 190a/(76)/f. 84 ; 190b/(77)/f. 84 recto-verso ; 191/(78)/f. 84 verso ; 192/(79)/ff. 84 verso-85 ; 193/(80)/f. 85 recto-verso ; 195/(81)/ff. 85 verso-86 ; 196/(82)/f. 86 recto-verso ; 197/(83)/f. 86 verso ; 198a/(84)/f. 86 verso ; 198b/(85)/ff. 86 verso-87 ; 199a/(86)/f. 87 ; 199b/(87)/f. 87 ; 200/(88)/f. 87 recto-verso ; 201/(89)/f. 87 verso ; 202/(90)/ff. 87 verso-88 ; 203a/(91)/f. 88 ; 203b/(92)/f. 88 recto-verso ; 204a/(93)/f. 88 verso ; 204b/(94)/f. 88 verso ; 205/(95)/ff. 88 verso-89 ; 206/(96)/f. 89 recto-verso ; 207/(97)/f. 89 verso ; 208/(98)/f. 89 verso ; 209a/(99)/ff. 89 verso-90 ; 209b/(100)/f. 90 ; 210a/(101)/f. 90 ; 210b/(102)/f. 90 verso ; 211a/(103)/f. 90 verso ; 211b/(104)/f. 90 verso ; 212/(105)/ff. 90 verso-91verso ; 214/(106)/ff. 91 verso-92 ; 216a/(107)/f. 92 ; 216b/(108)/f. 92 recto-verso ; 217/(109)/ff. 92 verso-93 ; 218/(110)/ff. 93-94 ; 221/(111)/f. 94 ; 222/(112)/f. 94 recto-verso ; 223/(113)/f. 94 verso ; 224/(114)/ff. 94 verso-95 ; 225/(115)/f. 95 recto-verso ; 226/(116)/f. 95 verso ; 227a/(117)/f. 95 verso ; 227b/(118)/95 verso-96 ; 228/(119)/f. 96 ; 229a/(120)/f. 96 recto-verso ; 229b/(121)/f. 96 verso ; 230a/(122)/f. 96 verso ; 230b/(123)/ff. 96 verso-97 ; 231/(124)/f. 97 ; 232a/(125)/f. 97 recto-verso ; 232b/(126)/f. 97 verso ; 233/(127)/ff. 97 verso-98 ; 234/(128)/f. 98 ; 235a/(129)/f. 98 ; 235b/(130)/f. 98 recto-verso ; 236/(131)/f. 98 verso ; 237a/(132)/ff. 98 verso-99 ; 237b/(133)/f. 99 recto-verso ; 239/(134)/f. 99 verso ; 240/(135)/f. 100 recto-verso ; 243/(136)/ff. 100 verso-101 ; 244/(137)/f. 101 recto-verso ; 245/(138)/f. 101 verso ; 246/(139)/f. 102 recto-verso ; 249a/(140)/f. 102 verso ; 249b/(141)/ff. 102 verso-103 ; 251/(142)/f. 103 recto-verso ; 253/(143)/ff. 103 verso-104 verso ; 255/(144)/ff. 104 verso-105 ; 257/(145)/f. 105 recto-verso ; 258/(146)/f. 105 verso ; 259/(147)/ff. 105 verso-106 ; 260/(148)/f. 106 recto-verso ; 261/(149)/f. 106 verso ; 262/(150)/ff. 106 verso-107 ; 263/(151)/f. 107 recto-verso ; 264a/(152)/f. 107 verso ; 264b/(153)/ff. 107 verso-108 ; 267/(154)/ff. 108 verso-109 ; 269/(155)/f. 109 recto-verso ; 271/(156)/f. 110 recto-verso ; 272/(157)/f. 110 verso ; 274/(158)/ff. 111–112 verso.

Note

Layout: quires 3-14 are ruled by hard point, always on the hair side; quires 1, 2, 15 and 16 are ruled in plummet; hands A, B, C, Y and Z all punctuated by point and punctus elevatus; no catchwords.

Note

Preferred citation: NLW MS 17110iE [RESTRICTED ACCESS].

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number

vtls006167852

Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Accession area