NLW MS 12415C.
Letters to John Lloyd of Wigfair,
- 1778-1814 / (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
Name of creator
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Sixty-four holograph letters and three formal notes from [Sir] Jos[eph] Banks, from Soho Square [London], from Spring Grove [Isleworth, co. Middlesex], from Revesby Abbey [Lincolnshire], etc., to John Lloyd at Hafodunos, at Soughton, Northop, at Wygfair, St. Asaph, etc., 1778-1814 and undated (personal and family news and news of acquaintances, and more specifically an invitation to a Royal Society club dinner (1778); Lord Mahon's book on electricity [Principles of Electricity, 1779] and his promise of another in which he would refute Mr. [Benjamin] Wilson's deductions, news of Lord Mulgrave and [Sir Charles] Blagden, and a request for a specimen of saxifraga umbrosa from Ireland (1780); a paper on new double stars to be read to the R[oyal] S[ociety] by [William] Herschel, the death of [? Dr. Solander] and a request for a specimen of Crataegus Aria from the cliffs near the top of Pen Man Mawr [co. Caernarvon] (1782); a balloon flight across the English Channel by [John] Jefferies and [François] Blanchard [this letter is dated January 1784 but this is probably a mistake for 1785, the flight having been made in January of that year], the resignation of the clerkship of the R[oyal] S[ociety] by Robertson and a contest for the post between Messrs. Coppard and Gilpin (1785); [William] Herschel's visit to Germany to take a telescope of his own making as a present to the University of Gottingen, Herschel's progress with his forty feet [telescope], the discovery of a new comet by Caroline, Herschel's sister, a 'bill intended by the manufacturers to restrain the growers of wool' and a meeting to be held in Denbighshire to consider the bill, the teaching of classics in England as compared with the continent (1786); the receipt of a box of plants from the Snowdon area, Danish and Roman antiquities found in the bed of the river Witham [co. Lincoln], the danger of wheat which was imported from America being infected by insects unknown in this country (1788); comments on Shetland sheep and a request for a specimen (1791); the political situation with comments on democrats, constitutionalists, the Whig club, etc., (1793); a visit from David Pennant, the ill treatment of recipient by a riotous mob at Denbigh, the presence of 'dangerous mobs in many counties' caused by 'the first Raising of the Militia', the price of corn, damage estimated at £ 750,000 by floods in Cambridgeshire, Lloyd's service to the country as a magistrate and the value of this office to the constitution, sheep rearing, the discovering of gold in Ireland (1795); the result of the [parliamentary] election in [co. Caernarvon] with mention of the contestants Sir Robert [Williams] and Lord Penrhyn, acknowledgement of receipt of copies of 'Shon Gwialen', the ill effects of apple insect, good wishes to recipient should he 'undertake the arduous task of becoming Knight of your shire', criticism of Thomas and David Pennant (1796); a request by Lloyd for a copy of the map which accompanied Dr. [Christopher] Packe's Ancographia sive Convallium Descriptio (1798); [Frederick] Hornemann's journey to Africa [on behalf of the African Association], the effects of prolonged drought, comments on Adam Smith's theory of 'perfect freedom in trade' (1800); the abundant crops and the price of grain (1801); the result of the [parliamentary] election in co. Kent, the West India docks in the Isle of Dogs and the Wapping Docks, the health of the members of the Royal Family whom the writer had seen at Weymouth (1802); the possibility of an invasion of England by Buonaparte (1803, 1805); Lloyd's wish to become a trustee of the [?British] Museum (1804); the death of [Alexander] Aubert at Lloyd's home, the draining and selling of land by the writer (1805); the writer's anger on seeing the spires of Lincoln minster pulled down, a request for Lloyd's help in procuring answers to a questionnaire concerning alleged damage to cathedral fabrics, comments on 'the Political Hurricane' which had taken the King out of the hands of a Whig administration, the political changes in England, wire worms, the anniversary of the Club, astronomical data (1807); the cultivation of cranberries, news of crops (1808); receipt of a Brazil coin and of tokens for his sister's [Sarah Sophia Banks] collection, Sir H. Englefield's circular letter and canvass of the Society of Antiquaries (1811)). 'Shon Gwialan' probably refers to the pamphlet entitled 'A Letter to the Right Reverend Dr. Warren on his conduct as Bishop of Bangor', published in 1796, in which the writer, 'Shon Gwialan', attacks the bishop of Bangor for alleged nepotism, etc. The identity of the writer has not been discovered.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Conditions governing reproduction
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
The description is also available in the Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume IV (Aberystwyth, 1971).
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related units of description
For the reference to 'Shon Gwialan' see Y Traethodydd (1947).
Title based on contents.
Formerly known as Wigfair 15.
Preferred citation: NLW MS 12415C.
Virtua system control number
Subject access points
- Botany -- Ireland.
- Double stars.
- Botany -- Wales -- Penmaenmawr
- Hot air balloons -- History -- 18th century -- England
- Wool industry -- Great Britain -- Law and legislation
- Classical education -- Great Britain -- History -- 18th century
- Classical education -- Europe -- History -- 18th century
- Botany -- Wales -- Snowdonia.
- Wheat -- Diseases and pests -- Great Britain.
- Wheat -- Diseases and pests -- United States
- Sheep -- Shetland Isles
- Riots -- Wales -- Denbigh
- Corn -- Great Britain -- Prices
- Floods -- England -- Cambridgeshire
- Gold -- Ireland
- Elections -- Wales -- Caernarvonshire -- 1796
- Apples -- Diseases and pests
- Plant diseases.
- Crops -- Great Britain.
- Grain -- Great Britain -- Prices
- Elections -- England -- Kent
- English Channel (England)
- Witham River (England) -- Antiquities.
- Witham River (England) -- Antiquities, Roman
- Lincolnshire (England) -- Antiquities.
- Lincolnshire (England) -- Antiquities, Roman.
- Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 18th century.
- Great Britain -- Militia.
- West India Docks (London, England)
- Wapping Docks (London, England)
- Isle of Dogs (London, England)
- Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 19th century.
Place access points
Name access points
- Sir Joseph Banks. (Creator)
- Royal Society (Subject)
- Great Britain. Parliament -- Elections, 1796 (Subject)
- Great Britain. Parliament. -- Elections, 1802 (Subject)
- British Museum (Subject)
- Lincoln Cathedral (Subject)
- Society of Antiquaries of London. (Subject)
- Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 -- Correspondence. (Subject)
- Stanhope, Charles Stanhope, Earl, 1753-1816. (Subject)
- Wilson, Benjamin, 1721-1788 (Subject)
- Mulgrave, Constantine John Phipps, Baron, 1744-1792 (Subject)
- Blagden, Charles, Sir, 1748-1820 (Subject)
- Herschel, William, 1738-1822 (Subject)
- Jeffries, John, 1745-1819 (Subject)
- Solander, Daniel Charles, 1733-1782 -- Death and burial (Subject)
- Blanchard, Jean-Pierre, 1753-1809 (Subject)
- Herschel, Caroline Lucretia, 1750-1848. (Subject)
- Pennant, David, 1763-1841 (Subject)
- Williams, Robert, Sir, 1764-1830 (Subject)
- Penrhyn, Richard Pennant, Baron, 1737?-1808 (Subject)
- Pennant, Thomas, 1726-1798 (Subject)
- Packe, Christopher, 1686-1749 (Subject)
- Hornemann, Friedrich, 1772-1800 (Subject)
- Smith, Adam, 1723-1790. (Subject)
- George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820 -- Family. (Subject)
- Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821 (Subject)
- Aubert, Alexander, 1730-1805 -- Death and burial (Subject)
- Banks, Sarah Sophia (Subject)
- Englefield, Henry, Sir, 1752-1822 (Subject)
- Warren, John, 1730-1800 (Subject)
- Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 (Subject)
Genre access points
Description control area
Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales