Fonds GB 0210 MSJOHNPHIL - John and Erasmus Philipps MSS,

Identity area

Reference code



John and Erasmus Philipps MSS,


  • 1706-1737/ (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

4 vols. See individual files.

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Sir John Philipps, 4th baronet, was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he however left without graduating. He entered Lincoln's Inn in January 1683/4 but was not subsequently called to the Bar. In 1695 John Philipps was elected Member of Parliament for Pembroke borough, a seat he held until 1702, though he subsequently re-entered Parliament and was Member for Haverfordwest until 1722. He married Mary Smith, daughter and heiress of a wealthy East India merchant and had three sons and three daughters. From 1695 to 1737 John Philipps took a leading role in all the religious and philanthropic movements of the day, such as the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK) and the East India Mission; he also corresponded with other prominent figures in the field. He founded many schools in his home county of Pembrokeshire and in Carmarthenshire. John Philipps died in 1737 and was succeeded by his son, Erasmus Philipps, 5th baronet. Erasmus Philipps was initially educated privately, then at Pembroke College, Oxford; like his father, he did not graduate but entered Lincoln's Inn in 1721. He was Member of Parliament for Haverfordwest from 1726 until his death and served as sheriff of Carmarthenshire in 1727. Erasmus Philipps died by drowning after being thrown from his horse into the River Avon. He was unmarried.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

NLW MSS 23273-23275; Sotheby's (lot 490); London; Purchase; 1994

NLW MS 23276A; Mr Thomas Lloyd; Cilgeti; Donation; 1994

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Two journals, 1717-1737, and a fragment of a letter-book, 1726-1727, of Sir Erasmus Philipps, fifth baronet, of Picton Castle, Pembrokeshire, containing descriptions of tours in Wales, England, Holland and Germany, entries relating to family and political matters, etc.; and a notebook, 1706-1710, of Erasmus's father, Sir John Philipps, fourth baronet, of Picton Castle, containing details relating to the execution of the will of his brother-in-law, John Shorter.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Arranged according to NLW MSS reference numbers: NLW MSS 23273-23276.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes


Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

See also NLW MS 1444F, which contains an undated extract, in the hand of Egerton Allen, from a diary of Erasmus Philipps, giving a description of the election of a Member of Parliament for Haverfordwest, 5 September 1727. See also NLW Cwrtmawr Deeds 704, which contains a release of property, 13 April 1711, between Sir John Philipps and John Shorter, son of John Shorter, deceased, relating to property in King Street, Westminster once belonging to John Shorter, deceased.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title based on contents.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


Access points

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Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used

Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

March 2009.


  • English



Archivist's note

Description compiled by Bethan Ifans for the retrospective conversion project of NLW MSS. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume IX (Aberystwyth, 2003); Bywgraffiadur Cymreig WWW site; Oxford Dictionary of National Biography WWW site;

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

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Physical storage

  • Text: NLW MSS 23273-23276.