Sub-fonds C. - Herbert family of Cherbury and Dolguog papers,

Identity area

Reference code



Herbert family of Cherbury and Dolguog papers,


  • 1566-1766. (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

7 bundles.

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The Herberts of Cherbury were the dominant landed and political power in Montgomery from the time of Henry VIII, albeit with occasional interference from other branches of the family. They took their name from Chirbury, a village in Shropshire, some three miles from Montgomery, and several of the family represented Montgomery in Parliament. Their chief residence lay near Montgomery, and was known variously as Blackhall, Lymore, Lysmore or Llys-mawr. The family also had a house at Llysyn, near Llanerfyl/Carno.

The lordship of Chirbury was acquired in 1553 by Edward Herbert (d. 1593) of Montgomery from his second cousin, William Herbert (d. 1570), earl of Pembroke. Edward also acquired the Castle Island estate in the upper valley of the river Maine, east of Tralee in Ireland, after it was forfeited by the earl of Desmond. His elder sons, Richard (d. 1596) and Mathew, were the true founders of the Herbert families of Cherbury and Dolguog.

Among Richard Herbert's sons were Edward Herbert (d. 1648), the metaphysical poet George Herbert (d. 1633), and Sir Henry Herbert, Master of the Revels (d. 1673). The eldest son, Edward, inherited his father’s political and landed interests, while his brothers moved away and played little part in the affairs of Montgomery. Edward was succeeded by his son, Richard Herbert (d. 1655), a royalist commander, whose son, Edward (d. 1678), made amends with the Protectorate, but the family were never fully at ease until the Restoration in 1660. The family’s position was secured by Edward’s son, Captain Henry Herbert (d. 1691), who supported William of Orange in 1688, having previously joined his father in Booth's royalist rebellion in 1659, and fought in the French army in the Dutch war in the 1670s. He was succeeded by his son and grandson, both also called Henry (d. 1709 and d. 1738 respectively), the former of whom had already purchased the Worcestershire manor of Ribbesford.

The Dolguog Herberts resided at Plas Dolguog, near Machynlleth, and Oakley Park, near Llanidloes.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Records and correspondence, 1566-1766, accumulated by the Herbert family of Cherbury, and to a much lesser extent the Herberts of Dolguog. Included is material relating to the family’s political activities, estate and household business, and personal affairs.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Arranged into three series: Politics; Business, Personal and Estates in Wales and England; and Estates in Ireland.

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Language and script notes

English, French, Latin.

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Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Further papers of the Herbert family of Cherbury have been transferred to the National Archives (now TNA 30/53/7-8 [‘General correspondence, 1568-1772’] and TNA 30/53/11 [‘Herbert papers, miscellaneous, 1586-1735’). The family’s papers can also be found in the following archives at the National Library of Wales: Badminton, Chirk Castle, James Coleman, Cwrtmawr Deeds, Glansevern, Llanfair and Brynodol, Milborne, Powis Castle, Powis Castle Correspondence, Powis Castle Deeds, Powis Castle Manorial, Ruthin, Tredegar Park and Wynn of Gwydir. In addition, NLW MSS 5299-5313 are literary manuscripts, letters and other papers of Henry Herbert (Master of the Revels), George Herbert, Henry Herbert (d. 1709), Henry Herbert (d. 1738) and other members of the family, and NLW MS 9346B is an autograph letter, 22 December 1679, of Captain Henry Herbert (d. 1691).

Related descriptions

Notes area


Preferred citation: C.

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Virtua system control number


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Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

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Dates of creation revision deletion




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  • Text: C.