Fonds GB 0210 HENSOL - Hensol estate records

Identity area

Reference code



Hensol estate records


  • 1429-1789 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.229 cubic metres (8 boxes)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The original owners of Hensol estate, Glamorgan, were the Jenkins family which failed in the male line in the early eighteenth century. The estate passed to Cecil (d. 1720), only daughter of Charles Mathew of Castell y Mynach and Cecil, daughter of David Jenkins. Cecil as heiress of Hensol and Castell y Mynach, bought these estates to her husband, Charles Talbot (1685-1737), who was created Baron Talbot of Hensol in 1733.

Charles and Cecil's son and heir, William Talbot, 2nd baron, was created Earl Talbot in 1761, a title which became extinct after his death, and Baron Dynevor in 1780. William's only child Cecil married George Rice of Newton (later called Dynevor Castle) in Carmarthenshire, and M.P for Carmarthenshire 1754-1779. The remainder of the peerage of the barony of Dynevor was left to Cecil who became baroness Dynevor in 1782. She assumed the name of De Cardonnel by royal licence in 1787, pursuant to the will of her mother. William was succeeded in the Barony of Talbot by his nephew, John Chetwynd Talbot of Hensol. Their heir was George Talbot Rice, 3rd Baron Dynevor who assumed the additional surname of de Cardonnell by royal licence in 1793, but resumed the name Rice by royal licence in 1817. He was succeeded by his only son, George Rice, 4th baron, who assumed the additional surname of Trevor as inheritor of the estates of the Trevors of Glynde, Sussex. He died without male heir and the estate therefore passed to his cousin, Francis William, 5th baron, vicar of Fairford, Gloucestershire. Francis's heir was his grandson, Walter Fitzuryan, 7th baron, who married Lady Margaret Child-Villiers, eldest daughter of the 3rd Earl of Jersey. He re-assumed by royal licence the surname of Rhys in lieu of Rice.

According to the 1873 return of owners of land, The Rev. Lord Dynevor, owned 10,509 acres in Wales (in Carmarthenshire and Glamorgan), with an estimated rental of £18,552.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by H. R. Thomas, Esq., per S. A. H. Burne, Stafford, in December 1939.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The archive consists almost entirely of title deeds of the Hensol estate, 1419-1789, almost all in Glamorgan.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

All records deposited at NLW have been retained.


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged chronologically at NLW.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply

Language of material

  • English
  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Latin.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW.

Generated finding aid

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Further papers relating to the Hensol estate are Glamorgan Record Office, DHEN and DD, and National Library of Wales, Dynevor Estate Records.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title based on contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


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Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

October 2002.


  • English



The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: George T. Clark, Limbus Patrum Morganiae et Glamorganiae (London, 1886); Thomas Nicholas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, 2 vols (London, 1872), vol. II; The Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959)

Archivist's note

Compiled by Mair James.

Accession area

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