Fonds GB 0210 GWEFED - Gwernyfed Estate Records

Identity area

Reference code



Gwernyfed Estate Records


  • 1461-1924 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.348 cubic metres (13 boxes).

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Sir David Williams (?1536-1613) bought the Gwernyfed estate in 1600 from John Gunter. Sir David's grandson, Sir Henry Williams (d. 1652) was created a baronet in 1644. Sir David's grand-daughter, Elizabeth Williams, carried by marriage the Gwernyfed estate to Sir Edward Williams (d. 1721) of Eltham, who was descended from the Williams family of Talyllyn. However the family title did not pass with the estate, but went to Sir Walter Williams. The estate descended in the male line until the death without a surviving son of Sir Edward Williams in 1804. He had married firstly, Mary, daughter of Isaac Leheup of Gunthorpe, Norfolk. Gwernyfed was inherited by his daughter, Mary Williams. She married Thomas Wood of Middlesex, and their son, Thomas Wood (1777-1860) was M.P. for Breconshire, 1806-1847. The estate remained in the hands of the Wood family until it was sold in 1922.

Archival history

The original archive was arranged into 86 bundles prior to its receipt at NLW in 1955. No's 87-88 were added in 2017.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Bundles 1-86 were donated by Mrs E. R. Hore-Ruthven, Old Gwernyfed, in August 1955. No's 87-88 were purchased by NLW from Mr G. C. Thursfield of Swadlincote in October 2017.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Title deeds of the Gwernyfed estate, Breconshire, mostly in that county, including the Llangors estate, 1461-1924; documents and maps relating to the course of the River Wye, 1753-1884; accounts of the Wye Fisheries Association, 1905-1924; records, 1613-1923, of the Gwenddwr Charity; accounts of the overseers of the poor of the parish of Aberllynfi, Breconshire, 1773-1836; papers relating to the fishery, weir and drainage of Llangors lake, 1753-1884; and records of the manors of Pipton, Glasbury, Gwernyfed, etc., 1561 (19 cent. copy)-1885. There are also a group of papers relating to the estate of the Leheup family of Gunthorpe, Norfolk, 1676-1749, and papers relating to the Lloyd family and the Peterwell estate, Cardiganshire, 18th cent.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

All records acquired by NLW have been retained.


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

The original order of no's 1-86 has been preserved by NLW.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English
  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Latin.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed online from <A HREF=""></A>

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

April 2002.


  • English



Archivist's note

Original catalogue (parcels 1-86) compiled by B. G. Charles (1955). Fonds-level description compiled by Mair James (2002). No's 87-88 added by Stephen Benham (2017).

Archivist's note

The following sources were used in the compilation of the fonds-level description: Thomas Nicholas, Annals and antiquities of the counties and county families of Wales (London, 2 vols, 1872), vol. I; The dictionary of Welsh biography down to 1940 (London, 1959).

Accession area