Fonds GB 0210 FFYNONE - Ffynone Estate Records,

Identity area

Reference code



Ffynone Estate Records,


  • 1282-1919 / (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.383 cubic metres (13 boxes, 2 rolls)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The Colby family settled on their arrival in Pembrokeshire in Bletherston which they owned from 1597 to 1786. A younger branch of the Colby family, many of whom were solicitors, lived at Bangeston in Pembroke, which they purchased in 1722. The family acquired through the marriage of John Colby in around 1715 with Anne Jones the Rhosygilwen estate, Cilgerran, Pembrokeshire. Ffynone estate was purchased by the Colby family in 1752, and the Ffynone mansion was erected in 1795. The family also inherited Dyffryn Wdig near Fishguard, Pembrokeshire, through the marriage of two of the daughters, and purchased properties in the parishes of Cenarth, Carmarthenshire, and Llanfihangel Penbedw, Pembrokeshire and were actively involved in working collieries in Pembrokeshire. The estate remained in Colby possession until 1919 when John Vaughan Colby died without male issue. Ffynone passed to his daughter Aline Margaret, who married C.J.H. Spence-Jones, who took the name of Colby by royal licence in 1920. Ffynone was sold in 1927 to a Glamorgan businessman.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by Mrs A Spence-Colby of Donington Hall, Ledbury, 1927, 1938 and 1949, and by Mrs L Davenport of Herefordshire, in 1966.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Records of the Ffynone estate, Manordeifi, and Rhosygwilen estate, in Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire, comprising deeds, probate records, settlements, etc., 1441-1915; estate and family letters, 1679-1915 (mainly 1733 onwards); rentals, 1837-1853, 1914-1915 (Ffynnone estate) and 1827-1837 (Rhosygwilen estate); and letters and accounts, 1787-1852, relating to various collieries in Pembrokeshire including Creswell, Jefferston Mountain, Hook, Amroth and Redlangoige. The archive also includes bank-books of the Tivyside Hunt, 1851-1855; muster rolls, letters, orders, orderly books, circulars, etc., of the Pembrokeshire militia, 1778-1876, but mainly 1778-1800 when Lt. Col. John Colby commanded it, including papers relating to the militia's tour of duty in Ireland, 1799-1800, which include papers relating to the trial and execution of Walter Baker, sentenced to death for conspiracy at Mallow, Ireland, 1799; papers relating to John Colby's court-martial, 1800; and deeds, accounts, and estate and family letters, 1786-1823, relating to the Orielton estate in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey, following the appointment of John Colby as receiver of that estate as a result of a legal dispute between members of the Owen family over the administration of the estate during the minority of Sir Hugh Owen.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained.


Accruals are not expected

System of arrangement

Arranged in two parts: (1) Spence-Colby Manuscripts and Documents (being the 1927 deposit) arranged into records of the Tivyside Hunt, Pembrokeshire militia, and deeds and documents, and (2) Additional Manuscripts and Deeds and Documents relating to the Owen and Colby estates (being the 1937-1966 deposits) arranged into correspondence, miscellaneous deeds and documents, and papers relating to the Pembrokeshire militia.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes


Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

A hard copy of the catalogues under the former titles, Spence Colby and Owen and Colby, are available at NLW. Online catalogues under the current title, Ffynone Estate Records, can be accessed from <A HREF=""></A>

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

A survey, 1759, of Rhosygilwen, co. Pemb., belonging to Thomas Colby, esq. (formerly Ffynone 2407), has been transferred to NLW Map Collection, and is now known as Roller Map B108. Further papers relating to the Ffynone estate are Carmarthenshire Archive Service, D/JF/1-659.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Formerly Spence-Colby manuscripts and documents and Deeds and documents relating to the Owen and Colby estates, Pembrokeshire. Current title supplied from contents of fonds; former titles based on names of depositors.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Place access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

May 2001.


  • English



Archivist's note

Compiled by Mair James.

Archivist's note

The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, (London, 2 vols, 1872), vol. II; Jones, Francis, Historic Houses of Pembrokeshire and their families, (Newport, 1996); Jones, Francis, Historic Carmarthenshire Homes and their families, (Newport, 1997);

Accession area