Fonds GB 0210 ELIKER - Elizabeth Baker Papers,

Identity area

Reference code



Elizabeth Baker Papers,


  • 1740-1798 / (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.018 cubic metres (2 boxes)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Elizabeth Baker ([c. 1720]-1799) was the daughter of a clergyman in the Midlands; she lived at one point in Coventry, Warwickshire. Her later life was spent in Merionethshire, in and around the parish of Llanegryn. In 1770, she was a partner in prospecting for metal ores in the area between Dolgellau and Llanuwchllyn, which proved unsuccessful; a lawsuit concerning the partnership later arose. She later lived at the houses of Hengwrt (1771-1778) (as secretary to Hugh Vaughan), Doluwcheogryd (until 1780), and Bryn Adda (until 1784), after which she remained in Dolgellau until her death in 1799. She kept a series of diaries, reflecting the difficulties faced by the Hengwrt house and estate, and collected and transcribed contemporary verses. She also attempted to breed silk worms.

Archival history

It appears that the papers of Elizabeth Baker were acquired by the Victorian antiquarian W. W. E. Wynne, Peniarth.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited with the Peniarth Estate Records in 1954-1956, and subsequently purchased in 1980.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Papers of Elizabeth Baker, 1740-1798, comprising correspondence, 1743-1798; copies of verses, including some relating to the impeachment of Warren Hastings; correspondence relating to legal matters arising from the mining partnership and the ownership of the Nannau estate, 1779-1781; journals relating to silk worms, 1779-1782; and papers concerning politics, literature, and current events, 1740-1798.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records purchased by the National Library of Wales have been retained. The material was partially catalogued in 1957, under the reference Peniarth 663/1-591. The Baker material was renumbered and recatalogued as a separate archive in 1997..


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged as follows: verse of general interest, Simpkin and Simon and other political verse; printed papers; legal papers, etc.; letters to Mrs Baker; miscellaneous letters and copy letters; papers of Welsh interest; prose extracts; and miscellaneous papers, accounts of trials, inscriptions and anecdotes.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes


Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

A hard copy of the catalogue is available at the National Library of Wales.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

See also NLW, Peniarth MSS 307, 377, 416, 418, 485, 501.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title based on contents of fonds.


The Dictionary of Welsh Biography gives Baker's date of death as 1789; the NLW cataloguer notes that this must be incorrect, since her letters in Peniarth MS 501 continue to 1797, and suggests that the Elizabeth Baker buried in Dolgellau in 1799 may be the same individual.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


Project identifier


Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used

Description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

January 2003; revised April 2005.


  • English



Archivist's note

Compiled by Seri Crawley and Martin Locock for the ANW Project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); National Library of Wales Journal, 1943-1944;

Accession area