- 1411-1863 (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
0.667 cubic metres (23 boxes, 1 roll, 1 bundle)
Name of creator
The Williams family of Edwinsford, also known as Rhydodin, claimed descent from Hywel Dda and Rhodri Mawr, and through Ellen, wife of Llewelyn ap Phylip, from Henry I of England. In common with many other Welsh landed gentry, the family married into other leading Welsh houses, such as the Morgans of Tredegar and the Vaughans of Golden Grove. Through such a marriage in 1600 the family acquired the Llether Cadfan estate in Carmarthenshire.
The estate then descended in direct male line until the death without issue of Nicholas Williams in 1745: the estate then passed to his brother, Thomas Williams. He married firstly, Arabella, daughter and co-heiress of John Vaughan of Court Derllys, Carmarthenshire. Arabella died without issue and Thomas married secondly, Anne, daughter of William Singleton of London. Their eldest daughter Bridget married Robert Bankes Hodgkinson of Overton and also of Edwinsford in right of his wife. They died without issue and the estate passed to Thomas's second daughter, Arabella, who had married Sir James Hamlyn, 1st Bart., of Clovelly Court, Devon, therefore uniting the estates of Edwinsford and Clovelly.
Sir James died in 1811 and was succeeded by his only surviving son, James, who took on the arms and surname of Williams after the death of his mother in 1797. On his death in 1829 the estate passed to his eldest son, Sir James Hamlyn Williams (1790-1861). He left no male heir and with his death the baronetcy became extinct. By Sir James's will, his daughter, Mary Eleanor, inherited the Edwinsford estate, Clovelly passing to her sister, Christine. Mary married Sir James Drummond (1814-1866), 3rd Bart., of Hawthornden, Midlothian. He took on the additional surname of Williams in pursuant of his father-in-law's will. On his death in 1866, the estate passed to his eldest son, Sir James H. W. Williams-Drummond (1857-1913) and then upon his only child, Sir James Hamlyn Williams Williams-Drummond (b. 1891).
According to the 1873 return of owners of land, Sir James Hamlyn Williams-Drummond of Edwinsford owned an estimated 9,282 acres in Wales (all in Carmarthenshire) with an estimated rental of £6,358.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Deposited by Sir James Hamlyn Williams Williams-Drummond in 1946.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Records of the Edwinsford estate of the Williams, later Williams-Drummond, family in Carmarthenshire, including deeds, 1411-1860; manorial records, 1500-1744, including records of the manor of Talley, 1551-1744, and Caio, 1500-1734; estate correspondence, 1580-1863, (mainly post 1700), estate and household accounts, 1654, 1670-1903, and rentals, 1707-1843; deeds relating to the Llether Cadfan estate, 1474-1760, and Court Derllys estate, 1563-1805, both in Carmarthenshire.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
All records deposited at NLW have been retained.
Accruals are not expected
System of arrangement
Arranged chronologically into the following sections: manuscript volumes, deeds which are arranged by locality, probate records, appointments, commissions and related documents, miscellaneous documents, correspondence, miscellaneous documents relating to the Drummond family, and printed material.
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.
Conditions governing reproduction
Usual copyright laws apply.
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from The National Archives Manorial Documents Register.
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related units of description
Title based on contents of fonds.
Virtua system control number
GEAC system control number
Place access points
Name access points
- Edwinsford Estate (Wales) -- Archives. (Subject)
- Llether Cadfan Estate (Wales) (Subject)
- Williams-Drummond family, of Edwinsford -- Archives. (Subject)
- Williams family, of Edwinsford (Subject)
Genre access points
Description control area
Rules and/or conventions used
Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH
Level of detail
Dates of creation revision deletion
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Baker-Jones, D.L., 'Edwinsford: A Country House and its Families', The Carmarthenshire Historian, 5 (1968); James, Brian, 'The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873', National Library of Wales Journal, XIV (1965-66); Williams-Drummond, Francis Dudley, Annals of Edwinsford, Clovelly and Hawthornden, (Rhydedwyn, 1924); Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, (London, 1959)
Compiled by Mair James.