Ffeil = File C 1. - Edward Thomas letters

Identity area

Reference code

C 1.


Edward Thomas letters


  • 1892-1973. (Creation)

Level of description

Ffeil = File

Extent and medium

1 envelope (0.75 cm.).

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Edward Thomas (1878-1917), poet and writer, was born Philip Edward Thomas in Lambeth to Welsh-born parents on 3 March 1878. He was educated at St Paul's School, London and Lincoln College, Oxford. Having left St Paul's, Thomas studied for the civil service examination, a move which expressed parental ambition rather than his own as he had reacted against the wordly views of his father, who worked for the Board of Trade and was prominent in Liberal politics. He was encouraged in his early literary ambitions by the critic James Ashcroft Noble and Thomas's first book, The Woodland Life, inspired by his love of the natural world, appeared as early as 1897. Thomas married Noble's daughter Helen (1877-1967) in 1899 and, having graduated from Lincoln College in 1900, made a precarious living as a literary reviewer for the Daily Chronicle whilst also writing essays, anthologies, guidebooks and folk-tales. He also published further books, including The Heart of England (1906), as well as biographical writings, most notably those on Richard Jefferies (1909), Maurice Maeterlinck (1911), Algernon Charles Swinburne (1912) and Walter Pater (1913). This period also produced his autobiographical works The Happy-Go-Lucky Morgans (1913), The Icknield Way (1913) and In Pursuit of Spring (1914). Possibly from an overwhelming feeling that his creativity was shackled and frustrated, Thomas at this time suffered recurrent physical and psychological breakdowns which once took him to the brink of suicide. It was not until 1914 that he wrote his first 'real' poem, entitled 'Up in the Wind'. The wartime collapse of the literary market at last afforded Thomas more time to write poetry; over a space of two years, he was to write over one hundred and forty poems. In 1915 Thomas joined the Artists' Rifles; he was commissioned second lieutenant in 1916 and volunteered for service overseas. In April 1917 he was killed during the first hour of the battle of Arras in northern France and buried the following day on the outskirts of the town; he therefore did not live to see the publication of his Poems (1917) (under his pseudonym Edward Eastaway), nor the subsequent Last Poems (1918) and Collected Poems (1920). His wife Helen wrote of their time together in As It Was (1926) and World Without End (1931). Thomas numbered amongst his poetical and literary influences Robert Frost, Thomas Hardy, W. B. Yeats, D. H. Lawrence, Walter de la Mare, and W. H. Davies.

Name of creator

Archival history

For Woolley's purchase of these letters, see L 1/13, 9 July 1942. For James Guthrie's former ownership of the letters, see C 8, 3 Aug. 1942.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Original bundle of letters from Edward Thomas to W. H. Hudson, 1 December 1906-25 December 1915; letter to C. F. Cazenove, 8 May 1913; letter to James Guthrie, 21 January 1917; a letter from W. H. Hudson to an unnamed recipient, 5 October 1892; and proofs of Poems by Edward Eastaway [Edward Thomas's pseudonym] (London: Selwyn & Blount, 1917) (pp. 1-16 only); and the dealer's original envelope and description, 1942. Also a letter from Joan Stevens, indexing Garnett (ed.), Hudson's Letters, exploring the possibility of publishing something in connection with Edward Thomas's centenary, 1973.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

For transcripts of the letters see NLW, R. George Thomas (Edward Thomas) Research Papers /8.

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion




Accession area

Related subjects

Related genres

Related places

Physical storage

  • Text: C 1 (bocs 8).