NLW MS 13210D [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
Dares Phrygius: Geoffrey of Monmouth,
- [1250x1300] / (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
64 ff., in double columns of 35 lines; the manuscript also has the red crayon pagination associated with Archbishop Matthew Parker, the numbering in this case being 1-127 : Parchment. The present binding is eighteenth century half calf and marbled boards with a blank sheet of paper inserted between f. 10 and f. 11.
Name of creator
The names 'Gabriel Pulteney' and 'Richard Chapman' (sixteenth century) occur at the foot of f. 1 recto.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Sotheby's; London; Purchased at auction, lot 499; 30 November 1971
Sotheby's; London; Purchased at auction, lot 539; 21 November 1972
Sotheby's; London; Purchased at auction, lot 455; 25 November 1969
Content and structure area
Scope and content
A Latin manuscript written on parchment in the second half of the thirteenth century and containing (a) ff. 1 recto-10 verso, the prose narrative generally known as Daretis Phrygii de Excidio Troiae Historia, and (b) ff. 11 recto-64 recto, a text of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae in eleven books, followed, f. 64 recto-verso, by a brief list of names (place-names, river-names, etc., beginning with 'Armorica') and their derivations. According to the colophon on f. 64 verso the scribe was William of Wodecherche, former lay brother of Robertsbridge [Abbey, Sussex] ('hanc hystoriam brittonum scripsit frater Willelmus de Wodecherche laicus quondam conuersus pontis Roberti cuius anima requiescat in pace. Amen'); there is an almost identical colophon in MS Bodl. 132. The manuscript has the red crayon pagination associated with Archbishop Matthew Parker, the numbering in this case being 1-127, and in Parker's time, and perhaps from the beginning, it appears to have been bound with Phillipps MS 26641 (William of Malmesbury, Gesta Regum Anglorum) and Phillipps MS 26642 (Giraldus Cambrensis, Topographia Hibernica, etc., and Edmund Campion, 'Two bookes of the histories of Ireland, purchased at Sotheby's by 3rd Earl Iveagh, and now Farmleigh Library, Dublin, Benjamin Iveagh Library, IV E 6). The text of the Historia Regum Britanniae is of the 'Variant Version' published by Jacob Hammer in 1951 (see 'Publications about Described Materials note). It should be added that the text includes the reading 'Que multa exercens ueneficia . . . haberet' (f. 36 verso), cf. Hywel D. Emanuel, 'Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britannie: a second variant version', in Medium Aevum, XXXV, pp. 103-10). The manuscript begins, f. 1 recto, 'Epistula cornelii ad Crispum salustium in troianorum hystoria. que in Greco a darete hystonographo facta est. Cornelius Gaio Crispo salutem' . . 'Explicit epistula. Narratio Daretis Trolani Excidii'; f. 10 verso, 'Explicit Troie Excidium. Incipit hystoria brittonum tracta ab antiquis libris brittonvm', with Geoffrey of Monmouth's prologue added in the margins in a sixteenth century hand ('Historla Galfridi Monumetensis. Cum mecum multa . . . interno gratulatur affectu'); f. 11 recto, the Geoffrey of Monmouth text, beginning 'Britannia insularum optima. . .', with running title 'hystoria brittonum' and a note, probably by Matthew Parker, 'hic liber multum variat a communi galfrido quamuis in multis concordant'; f. 64 recto, 'Explicit hystoria brittonum correcta et abbreuiata', followed by another note probably by Parker, 'et cum vulgari galfrido: non concordat' (a note in the margin of f. 63 verso, 'in hoc libro augustinus non habetur', is also probably by him). The divisions into books are marked and there is a lacuna in Book XI between ff. 62 verso and 63 recto (apparently by the loss of the two middle bifolia of the quire) although the pagination is continuous. On f. 64 verso William of Malmesbury's dedicatory letter to the earl of Gloucester has been inserted in a sixteenth century hand (cf. f. 10 verso).
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Access to the original manuscript by authorised permission only.
Conditions governing reproduction
Usual copyright laws apply.
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
The description is also available in the Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume IV (Aberystwyth, 1971).
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related units of description
For the 'variant version' text, see the Annual Report of the National Library of Wales, 1971-1972, p. 57, and Daniel Huws and Brynley F. Roberts, 'Another manuscript of the Variant Version of the 'Historia Regum Britanniae", in Bibliographical Bulletin of the International Arthurian Society, XXV, 1973, pp. 147-52. See also Hywel D. Emanuel, 'Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britannie: a second variant version', in Medium Aevum, XXXV, pp. 103-10.
Title based on contents.
Formerly Phillipps MS 26233.
Preferred citation: NLW MS 13210D [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
Virtua system control number
Subject access points
Place access points
Name access points
- William of Wodecherche (Creator)
- Geoffrey, of Monmouth, Bishop of St. Asaph, 1100?-1154 (Subject)
- William, of Malmesbury, ca. 1090-1143. Gesta regum Anglorum. (Subject)
- Giraldus, Cambrensis, 1146?-1223?. Topographia Hibernica. (Subject)
- Campion, Edmund, Saint, 1540-1581. (Subject)
- Parker, Matthew, 1504-1575 (Subject)
- Robert, Earl of Gloucester, ca. 1090-1147 (Subject)
Genre access points
Description control area
Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales
Rules and/or conventions used
Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH.
Level of detail
Dates of creation revision deletion
Description compiled by Bethan Ifans for the retrospective conversion project of NLW MSS, and revised by Bethan Ifan. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume IV (Aberystwyth, 1971); June 2010 & August 2011.