Fonds GB 0210 CHAIN - The Chain Papers,

Identity area

Reference code

GB 0210 CHAIN

Title

The Chain Papers,

Date(s)

  • 1780-1972 / (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

0.4 cubic metres (14 boxes)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Both Baker and Gabb were old Catholic families from Abergavenny, Monmouthshire. The Baker family claimed descent from Sir Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine, Herefordshire, and had held large estates in Monmouthshire, Herefordshire and Gloucestershire. The earliest deed relating to a member of the Baker family of Abergavenny is dated 1590. The family believed (probably wrongly) that David Lewis otherwise Charles Baker (1616-1679), a Jesuit priest and 'pretended bishop of Llandaff', was a member of the family. The Gabb family also owned property in the Abergavenny area. The earliest Gabb deed (of Grosmont, Monmouthshire) appears to be that dated 1660. The families were joined by the marriage of John Gabb (d. 1690) of Goytre, Grosmont, to Elizabeth, the daughter of Henry Baker of Bailey Baker, Abergavenny.

Thomas Gabb founded a solicitor's practice in Abergavenny in 1760. The firm of Gabb & Co. still practices out of the same offices in Abergavenny. Thomas Gabb practised on his own until 1781, when he was joined by Baker Gabb the elder (d. 1821), and in 1808 by his son, Baker Gabb the younger (d. 1858). There was a member of the Gabb family in the firm from 1760 until 1921.

From the 1850s, most family members seem to have either used Baker as a last christian name, or used a hyphonated Baker-Gabb surname.

Name of creator

Biographical history

Both Baker and Gabb were old Catholic families from Abergavenny . The Baker family claimed descent from Sir Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine, Herefordshire, and had held large estates in Monmouthshire, Herefordshire and Gloucestershire. The earliest deed relating to a member of the Baker family of Abergavenny is dated 1590. The family believed (probably wrongly) that David Lewis otherwise Charles Baker (1616-1679), a Jesuit priest and 'pretended bishop of Llandaff', was a member of the family. The Gabb family also owned property in the Abergavenny area. The earliest Gabb deed (of Grosmont, Monmouthshire) appears to be that dated 1660. The families were joined by the marriage of John Gabb (d. 1690) of Goytre, Grosmont, to Elizabeth, the daughter of Henry Baker of Bailey Baker, Abergavenny.

Thomas Gabb founded a solicitor's practice in Abergavenny in 1760. The firm of Gabb & Co. still practices out of the same offices in Abergavenny. Thomas Gabb practiced on his own until 1781, when he was joined by Baker Gabb the elder (d. 1821), and in 1808 by his son, Baker Gabb the younger (d. 1858). There was a member of the Gabb family in the firm from 1760 until 1921.

From the 1850s, most family members seem to have either used Baker as a last christian name, or used a hyphenated Baker-Gabb surname.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by Iain Paterson in 1984

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Family and estate records of Baker-Gabb of The Chain, Abergavenny, and papers relating to Gabb & Co., solicitors of Abergavenny, including estate rentals, 1876-1918, including the Grovefield and Latham estates, [both in the parish of Abergavenny?], and the Ffawyddog estate in the parish of Cwm-iou, Monmouthshire; papers, 1908-1918, relating to the Grwyne Fawr reservoir in the parish of Llaneleu, Breconshire; family and household papers include registers of meteorological readings (thermometer, barometer and rain gauge) at The Chain, 1881-1947, which also contain numerous diary entries; newspaper cuttings and other ephemera of local and family interest; cellar books, 1884-1932; diaries of tours, including to the Austrian Tyrol, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Scotland, Sicily, Switzerland, 1893-1908; papers relating to the Monmouthshire Polo Club, 1872-1888, to Patrishow church, Breconshire, 1856-1963, and to St Mary's Church and Priory, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, 1925-1949, and papers, 1902-1960, relating to the history of the firm of Gabb & Co., solicitors.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained.

Accruals

Accruals are not expected

System of arrangement

Arranged into: estate records; Gabb & Co.; personal papers; papers relating to churches; sport; ephemera, and printed material.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

English

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. An online catalogue can be accessed.

Finding aid

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Artefacts and visual material such as drawings, photographs, postcards, prints, printers' plates, and watercolours are National Library of Wales, Special Collections, PG 4189-4209. Further papers are National Library of Wales, Baker-Gabb Estate Records and Baker-Gabb 1969 deposit which remains uncatalogued, and Gwent Record Office, D1583 which cover 1873-1918. Transcripts of the diaries of John Baker Gabb (1826-93) and David Baker Gabb (1836-64) are NLW ex 2094.

Related descriptions

Publication note

Baker-Gabb, R., A memoir of the families of Baker of Bailey Baker and Baker-Gabb, Abergavenny (Aberystwyth, 1903).

Notes area

Note

Title supplied from contents of fonds

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number

vtls004250353

GEAC system control number

(WlAbNL)0000250353

Access points

Place access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

April 2001

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

Archivist's note

Compiled by Stephen Benham.

Archivist's note

The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Baker-Gabb, R., A memoir of the families of Baker of Bailey Baker and Baker-Gabb, Abergavenny (Aberystwyth, 1903).

Accession area