NLW MSS 10165-10195.
- [1852x1914] / (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
Name of creator
John Ceiriog Hughes, poet, was born John Hughes at Llanarmon in 1832. At a very young age he had already published poems in the periodical Baner Cymru and edited a poetry column in Y Greal. His first poetical mentor was Robert Ellis ('Cynddelw'). In 1849 Hughes moved to Manchester, obtaining a job as goods station clerk in London Road. The young man soon entered the circle of influential Welsh literary figures living at that time in Manchester, a circle which included William Williams ('Creuddynfab'), Robert Jones Derfel and John Jones ('Idris Fychan'). It was R. J. Derfel who taught Hughes the value of Wales, the Welsh language and its poetical tradition and it was under Derfel's influence that Hughes added 'Ceiriog' to his name. 'Idris Fychan' passed on to Hughes his love of collecting Welsh airs and melodies, a practice which Hughes kept up thereafter throughout his life. Around 1863, Hughes published Cant o Ganeuon, a collection of Welsh airs to which he had added words of his own composition, effectively rendering the airs into songs. The composer Brinley Richards included Hughes's words to music in his Songs of Wales (London, 1873). In 1865 Hughes returned to Wales and took up the post of station-master at Llanidloes, transferring in 1870 to Tywyn. In 1871 he was appointed railway inspector on the newly-opened line between Caersws and the Van lead mines near Llanidloes. He died in 1887 and was buried at Llanwnog. A collection of Hughes's last poems, Yr Oriau Olaf, were published by Isaac Foulkes ('Llyfrbryf') in 1888.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Mrs Delia Ceiriog Evans, daughter of John Ceiriog Hughes; London; Acquisition; 1935
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Papers, [1852x1914], of or relating to John Ceiriog Hughes ('Ceiriog') containing material largely of literary and eisteddfodic interest. They include correspondence, 1857-1914, to and from 'Ceiriog', and also letters of his wife Annie Hughes and his daughter Delia Ceiriog Evans; autograph poetry, 1857-1887; press cuttings, [1853x1911], which include poetry by 'Ceiriog' and obituaries and tributes to him; and a copy of Oriau'r Hwyr (Rhuthyn, ), with press cuttings of reviews.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
Arranged according to NLW MSS reference numbers: NLW MSS 10165-10195.
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Conditions governing reproduction
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume III (Aberystwyth, 1961), pp. 193-198.
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related units of description
Title based on contents.
Formerly Ceiriog MSS 1-31.
Preferred citation: NLW MSS 10165-10195.
Virtua system control number
Subject access points
Place access points
Genre access points
Description control area
Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales
Rules and/or conventions used
Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH.
Level of detail
Dates of creation revision deletion
August 2008 & May 2011.
Description compiled by Bethan Ifan for the retrospective conversion project of NLW MSS, and revised by Bethan Ifan. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume III (Aberystwyth, 1961); Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig hyd 1940 (Llundain, 1953); Oxford Dictionary of National Biography on-line;