Fonds GB 0210 MSCEIRIOG - Ceiriog Manuscripts,

Identity area

Reference code



Ceiriog Manuscripts,


  • [1852x1914] / (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

31 vols.

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

John Ceiriog Hughes, poet, was born John Hughes at Llanarmon in 1832. At a very young age he had already published poems in the periodical Baner Cymru and edited a poetry column in Y Greal. His first poetical mentor was Robert Ellis ('Cynddelw'). In 1849 Hughes moved to Manchester, obtaining a job as goods station clerk in London Road. The young man soon entered the circle of influential Welsh literary figures living at that time in Manchester, a circle which included William Williams ('Creuddynfab'), Robert Jones Derfel and John Jones ('Idris Fychan'). It was R. J. Derfel who taught Hughes the value of Wales, the Welsh language and its poetical tradition and it was under Derfel's influence that Hughes added 'Ceiriog' to his name. 'Idris Fychan' passed on to Hughes his love of collecting Welsh airs and melodies, a practice which Hughes kept up thereafter throughout his life. Around 1863, Hughes published Cant o Ganeuon, a collection of Welsh airs to which he had added words of his own composition, effectively rendering the airs into songs. The composer Brinley Richards included Hughes's words to music in his Songs of Wales (London, 1873). In 1865 Hughes returned to Wales and took up the post of station-master at Llanidloes, transferring in 1870 to Tywyn. In 1871 he was appointed railway inspector on the newly-opened line between Caersws and the Van lead mines near Llanidloes. He died in 1887 and was buried at Llanwnog. A collection of Hughes's last poems, Yr Oriau Olaf, were published by Isaac Foulkes ('Llyfrbryf') in 1888.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Mrs Delia Ceiriog Evans, daughter of John Ceiriog Hughes; London; Acquisition; 1935.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Papers, [1852x1914], of or relating to John Ceiriog Hughes ('Ceiriog') containing material largely of literary and eisteddfodic interest. They include correspondence, 1857-1914, to and from 'Ceiriog', and also letters of his wife Annie Hughes and his daughter Delia Ceiriog Evans; autograph poetry, 1857-1887; press cuttings, [1853x1911], which include poetry by 'Ceiriog' and obituaries and tributes to him; and a copy of Oriau'r Hwyr (Rhuthyn, [1860]), with press cuttings of reviews.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Arranged according to NLW MSS reference numbers: NLW MSS 10165-10195.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

  • English
  • Welsh

Script of material

Language and script notes

Welsh, English.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume III (Aberystwyth, 1961), pp. 193-198.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

For other letters of John Ceiriog Hughes, see NLW MS 307B (1875-1885); NLW MS 585B (to Hughes and his wife) (1866-1890); NLW MS 7381B (1873-c. 1885); NLW MS 17527B (with later material relating to Hughes) (1860-1913); NLW MS 21620B (?1860-1862).

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title based on contents.


Formerly Ceiriog MSS 1-31.


Preferred citation: NLW MSS 10165-10195.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used

Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH.


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

August 2008 & May 2011.


  • English



Archivist's note

Description compiled by Bethan Ifan for the retrospective conversion project of NLW MSS, and revised by Bethan Ifan. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume III (Aberystwyth, 1961); Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig hyd 1940 (Llundain, 1953); Oxford Dictionary of National Biography on-line;

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places

Physical storage

  • Text: NLW MSS 10165-10195.