- 1329-1864 (predominantly 1500-1780) / (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
0.45 cubic metres (49 boxes, 10 wallets and 2 rolls)
Name of creator
The ancestors of the Griffith family of Carreg-lwyd had been settled in Anglesey since at least the fourteenth century, when Gwilym ap Gruffydd of Penrhyn in the parish of Llandygai, Caernarfonshire, and sheriff of Anglesey in 1396, married Morfydd, daughter and heir of Grono Fychan of Penmynydd (d. 1382). William Griffith Fychan, their son, and chamberlain of North Wales in 1440, was the first to use Griffith as a surname. William Griffith (1515-87), rector of Llanfaethlu, Anglesey, purchased the Ty'n-y-pant estate for £700 which was later renamed Carreg-lwyd.
John Griffith of Bloxham, Oxfordshire, and Carreg-lwyd, Anglesey, William's son, was secretary to Henry Howard, 1st earl of Northampton (1540-1614), and added much to the Carreg-lwyd estate. Another John Griffith (c. 1732-1776) married Mary (c. 1727-1799), daughter and heir of Richard Trygarn, Caernarfonshire, bringing the Berw and Trygarn estates to the family.
In 1838 Richard Trygarn Griffith (c. 1788-1866) of Carreg-lwyd and Berw married Emma Mary (d. 1899), daughter of Captain Digby Thomas Carpenter of Hawke House, Sunbury. The marriage produced an only daughter, Maria Emma Elizabeth Conway Griffith (1840-1917). In 1880, she married Sir Chandos Stanhope Hoskyns Reade, 7th baronet, but died childless, and was succeeded in the Carreg-lwyd and Berw estates by her cousin, Major Frederick Carpenter (1851-1937). He died without surviving issue, and was succeeded by his nephew, Major Frederick Noël Carpenter (b. 1881).
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Deposited by Major F. Carpnter-Holland-Griffith of Carreg-lwyd in 1924, with a small additional deposit by Messrs Gregory, Rowcliffe & Co. of London, solicitors, in July 1964.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Estate records, mainly title deeds, of the Carreg-lwyd and Berw estates, Anglesey, and family papers, mainly correspondence, of the Griffith family of Carreg-lwyd and the Holland family of Berw, 1329-1864, including valuable early 17th century papers relating to affairs of state, accumulated by John Griffith, secretary to Henry Howard (1540-1614), 1st earl of Northampton, Keeper of the Privy Seal, 1608-1614, and First Commissioner of the Treasury, 1612-1614; accounts and papers relating to the administration of the county of Anglesey, including muster rolls, 1602-1656, mainly for the hundreds of Tindaethwy, Menai and Talybolion; mise, window, house and land tax assessments, 1653-1764, mainly for the hundreds of Tindaethwy, Menai and Talybolion; rentals of Crown lands in the same hundreds; 1503-1737; papers of Dr William Griffith (1597-1648), successively chancellor of the dioceses ofSt Asaph and Bangor, and Commissioner of North Wales from 1633; account of the funerals of Elizabeth I and James I, , and a census of the inhabitants of the parish of Llanfaethlu, Anglesey, August 1690.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained..
Accruals are not expected.
System of arrangement
Arranged into the following sections: Series I: deeds and documents, 1329-1864; Series II: letters and personalia, 1552-1886; Series III: photostat copies of certain papers, 1595-1783; and Series IV: two MS volumes deposited in July 1964.
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.
Conditions governing reproduction
Usual copyright laws apply.
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from The National Archives Manorial Documents Register.
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related units of description
Title supplied from contents of fonds.
Virtua system control number
GEAC system control number
Place access points
Name access points
- Carreglwyd Estate (Wales) -- Archives. (Subject)
- Berw Estate (Anglesey, Wales) -- Archives. (Subject)
- Berw Estate (Anglesey, Wales) (Subject)
- Carreglwyd Estate (Wales) (Subject)
- Northampton, Henry Howard, Earl of, 1540-1614. (Subject)
- James I, King of England, 1566-1625 -- Death and burial. (Subject)
- Elizabeth I, Queen of England, 1533-1603 -- Death and burial. (Subject)
- Griffith, John, of Bloxham and Carreglwyd. (Subject)
- Griffith, William, 1597-1648. (Subject)
- Griffith family, of Carreglwyd and Berw -- Archives. (Subject)
- Holland family, of Berw -- Archives. (Subject)
- Trygarn family, of Trygarn and Berw -- Archives. (Subject)
- Trygarn family, of Trygarn and Berw. (Subject)
- Holland family, of Berw. (Subject)
Genre access points
Description control area
Rules and/or conventions used
This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.
Level of detail
Dates of creation revision deletion
Compiled by Stephen Benham.
The following source were used in the compilation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint), Burke's Landed Gentry (London, 1952);