Fonds GB 0210 CAERYNWCH - Caerynwch Estate Records

Identity area

Reference code



Caerynwch Estate Records


  • 1534-[c. 1872] (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.143 cubic meters (7 boxes, 5 rolls)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Caerynuwch mansion was built on the Plas Hen estate, Merionethshire, by Sir Richard Richards (1752-1823), Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, son of Thomas Richards of Coed, Merionethshire. Richards had acquired Plas Hen following his marriage in 1785 to Catherine Humphreys, only child of Robert Vaughan Humphreys of Plas Hen. After the mansion was built the estate came to be called Caerynuwch instead of Plas Hen.

Sir Richard was succeeded by his son Richard Richards (1787-1860), who became a Master in Chancery, and MP for Merionethshire 1836-1852. He married, in 1814, Harriet (d. 1852), daughter and co-heiress of Jonathan Dennett of Lincolns Inn Fields. Richard Richards was in turn succeeded by his son, Richard Meredydd Richards (1821-1873) who married as his second wife Louisa Jannette Anne Edwards, only daughter and heiress of Edward Lloyd Edwards of Cerrigllwydion, Denbighshire, in 1863, and of the Dolserau estate near Dolgellau, Merioneth. Edward Lloyd Edwards's s eldest son, Richard Edward Lloyd Richards (1865-1905) died without issue, so that the estate passed to his brother Henry Meredydd Richards (1870-1942), who was succeeded by his son, Richard Meredyth Richards (b. 1920, alive 1969).

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by John Meredyth Richards, Caerynwch, November 1938.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Family papers and estate records, 1534-1872, mainly of the Edwards family of Cerrigllwydion, Denbighshire, and Dolserau, Merioneth, with a smaller amount of material of the Richards family of Caerynuwch, including family and estate letters, 1776-1859, deeds relating to the estate in Merioneth, Denbighshire and Flintshire, 1534-1859, and miscellaneous papers (mainly financial), [late 17 cent.]-1872.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained.


Accruals are not expected

System of arrangement

Arranged chronologically by record type: letters, deeds and documents and miscellaneous papers.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes


Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Further papers relating to the Caerynuwch estate are Meirionnydd Archives,Z/D.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title supplied from contents of fonds

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

May 2001


  • English



Archivist's note

Compiled by Stephen Benham.

Archivist's note

The following sources were used in the compilation of this record: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint), Condry, William, Wildflower safari : the life of Mary Richards (Llandysul, 1998).

Accession area