Fonds GB 0210 BRWYLLAN - Archif Brwydr Llangyndeyrn = Llangyndeyrn's Fight for Victory Archive

Identity area

Reference code

GB 0210 BRWYLLAN

Title

Archif Brwydr Llangyndeyrn = Llangyndeyrn's Fight for Victory Archive

Date(s)

  • 1960[x2022] (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

1 bocs mawr (0.029 mᶟ) = 1 large box (0.029 mᶟ)

Context area

Name of creator

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Rhoddwyd gan Hywel Gealy Rees, mab y Parchedig W. M. Rees, Aberteifi, Ebrill 2022. = Donated by Hywel Gealy Rees, son of the Reverend W. M. Rees, Cardigan, April 2022.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Deunydd yn ymwneud â'r frwydr ar ran y trigolion yn ystod hanner cyntaf y 1960au i achub Llangyndeyrn a phentrefi eraill Cwm Gwendraeth Fach rhag eu boddi gan Gorfforaeth Abertawe er mwyn creu cronfa ddŵr i ddiwallu anghenion cartrefol a diwydiannol Gorllewin Morgannwg. Casglwyd y deunydd gan y Parchedig William Merfyn Rees, ysgrifennydd Pwyllgor Amddiffyn Llangyndeyrn, a'i fab Hywel Gealy Rees, golygydd y gyfrol Sefyll yn y Bwlch: Brwydr Llangyndeyrn 1960-1965 (Y Lolfa, 2013) (gweler nodyn isod). Mae'r eitemau'n cynnwys dwy ffeil o dorion o'r wasg o'r 1960au yn olrhain hanes y frwydr, ynghyd â thorion mwy diweddar; llythyrau a anfonwyd at y Parchedig W. M. Rees yn cefnogi safiad trigolion Llangyndeyrn yn erbyn Corfforaeth Abertawe; deunydd yn ymwneud â dyddiadau a dathliadau nodedig yn hanes brwydr Llangyndeyrn; a chyfeiriadau at lyfrau a cherddi sy'n dathlu llwyddiant y frwydr. Sawl eitem wedi'u harnodi, yn ôl pob tebyg yn llaw Hywel Gealy Rees.

Yn atodol, ceir nodiadau printiedig yn manylu ar natur a lleoliad deunydd di-brint sy'n perthyn i'r casgliad ac sydd wedi'i drosglwyddo i adrannau eraill o LlGC; ynghyd â rhestr printiedig o ddyddiadau nodedig yn hanes brwydr Llangyndeyrn.

= Material relating to the struggle on the part of the residents of the village of Llangyndeyrn during the first half of the 1960s to save theirs and other communities in the Gwendraeth Valley from being drowned by Swansea Corporation in order to create a reservoir to meet the domestic and industrial needs of West Glamorgan. The material was collated by the Reverend William Merfyn Rees, secretary of the Llangyndeyrn Defence Committee, and his son, Hywel Gealy Rees, editor of the book Sefyll yn y Bwlch: Brwydr Llangyndeyrn 1960-1965 (Y Lolfa, 2013) (see note below). The items include two files containing 1960s press cuttings chronicling the Llangyndeyrn residents' struggle, together with more recent press cuttings; letters of support for the stand taken by Llangyndeyrn's residents against Swansea Corporation sent to Reverend W. M. Rees; material relating to notable dates, celebrations and anniversaries in the history of Llangyndeyrn's fight for justice; and references to books and poems commemorating the success of the fight. Several items are annotated, most likely in the hand of Hywel Gealy Rees.

Appended are printed notes detailing the nature and location of non-print material which forms part of this archive and which has been transferred to other departments within NLW; together with a printed list of notable dates in the history of Llangyndeyrn's fight for victory.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Gweler dan benawdau unigol. / See under individual headings.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Disgwylir i ddarllenwyr sydd am ddefnyddio papurau modern yn Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru gydymffurfio â Deddf Gwarchod Data 1998 yng nghyd-destun unrhyw brosesu ganddynt o ddata personol a gasglwyd o gofnodion modern sydd ar gadw yn y Llyfrgell. Nodir y manylion yn yr wybodaeth a roddir wrth wneud cais am Docyn Darllen. = Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to abide by the conditions set out in information provided when applying for their Readers' Tickets, whereby the reader shall become responsible for compliance with the Data Protection Act 1998 in relation to any processing by them of personal data obtained from modern records held at the Library.

Conditions governing reproduction

Rheolau hawlfraint arferol mewn grym = Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English
  • Welsh

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Am hanes llawn brwydr Llangyndeyrn, gweler Sefyll yn y Bwlch: Brwydr Llangyndeyrn 1960-1965 gan W. M. Rees (gol. Hywel Gealy Rees) (Y Lolfa, 2013) (gweler hefyd dan Dathlu'r hannercanmlwyddiant: Sefyll yn y Bwlch: Brwydr Llangyndeyrn 1960-1965 (llyfr)) a Cloi'r Clwydi: hanes y frwydr i atal boddi Cwm Gwendraeth Fach, 1960-1965 gan Robert Rhys (Cymdeithas Les Llangyndeyrn, 1983) (gweler hefyd dan Dathlu'r ugain mlynedd a dan Llyfrau). Gweler hefyd Achub y Cwm gan Gwen Redvers Jones (2010).
= For the full history of Llangyndeyrn's fight for victory, see Sefyll yn y Bwlch: Brwydr Llangyndeyrn 1960-1965 by W. M. Rees (ed. Hywel Gealy Rees) (Y Lolfa, 2013) (see also under Celebrating the half-centenary: Sefyll yn y Bwlch: Brwydr Llangyndeyrn 1960-1965 (book)) and Cloi'r Clwydi: hanes y frwydr i atal boddi Cwm Gwendraeth Fach, 1960-1965 by Robert Rhys (Llangyndeyrn Welfare Society, 1983) (see also under Twentieth anniversary celebrations and under Books). See also Achub y Cwm by Gwen Redvers Jones (2010).

Gweler hefyd, er enghraifft, Ffacs LlGC 1000; Man Adnau LlGC; Huw T. Edwards Papers; a J. R. Jones Papers yn LlGC.
= See also, for example, NLW Facs 1000; NLW Minor Deposits; Huw T. Edwards Papers; and J. R. Jones Papers at NLW.

Mae ffeiliau digidol a ffeiliau sain fideo sy'n rhan o'r casgliad hwn wedi'u trosglwyddo i Adran Sgrîn a Sain LlGC, lle gellir cael mynediad iddynt trwy gais.
= Digital files and video sound files which form part of this archive have been transferred to NLW's Screen and Sound department and may be accessed on request.

Mae delweddau ffotograffig sy'n rhan o'r casgliad hwn wedi'u trosglwyddo i Adran Raffig LlGC, lle gellir cael mynediad iddynt trwy gais. Lleoliad: MMS ID: 994353506302419
= Photographic images which form part of this archive have been transferred to NLW's Graphic Department and may be accessed on request. Location: MMS ID: 994353506302419

Am draethodau ymchwil yn ymwneud â brwydr Llangyndeyrn, gweler:
Brwydr Llangyndeyrn, Brwydr Angof y '60au? gan Marged Lowri Walter Thomas, Thesis MA Adran Hanes a Hanes Cymru, Prifysgol Aberystwyth, 2009. Gweler Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru: De Archifau (2010/0569) MSS ID 9929306302419.
Ysbryd yr Hen Frythoniaid Eto'n Fyw gan Ceri Rhys Davies: traethawd ar gyfer rhan o radd MSc, Adran Llyfrgellyddiaeth ac Astudiaethau Gwybodaeth, Prifysgol Aberystwyth, 1999.
= For research theses relating to Llangyndeyrn's fight for victory, see:
Brwydr Llangyndeyrn, Brwydr Angof y '60au? by Marged Lowri Walter Thomas, MA Thesis for the History and History of Wales Department, Aberystwyth University, 2009. See National Library of Wales: Archives South (2010/0569) MSS ID 9929306302419.
Ysbryd yr Hen Frythoniaid Eto'n Fyw by Ceri Rhys Davies: thesis for part of an MSc degree, Department of Librarianship and Information Studies, Aberystwyth University, 1999.

Related descriptions

Notes area

Note

Ymgyrch unedig a llwyddiannus oedd 'brwydr Llangyndeyrn' ar ran trigolion Cwm Gwendraeth Fach yn sir Gaerfyrddin i rwystro Corfforaeth Abertawe rhag boddi eu dyffryn er mwyn creu cronfa ddŵr i gyflenwi anghenion cartrefol a diwydiannol Gorllewin Morgannwg. Ar flaen y gâd oedd y Parchedig W. M. Rees, gweinidog y Bedyddwyr yn Llangyndeyrn a Phontyberem, a benodwyd yn ysgrifennydd Pwyllgor Amddiffyn Llangyndeyrn, pwyllgor a sefydlwyd mewn cyfarfod cyhoeddus ar 23 Mawrth 1960. Parhaodd y frwydr am y pum mlynedd dilynol.
= Llangyndeyrn's 'fight for victory' was a unified and ultimately successful campaign by the inhabitants of the Gwendraeth Valley in Carmarthenshire to prevent Swansea Corporation from drowning their land in order to create a reservoir to supply the domestic and industrial needs of West Glamorgan. Amongst the vanguard was the Reverend W. M. Rees, Baptist minister at Llangyndeyrn and the nearby village of Pontyberem, who was appointed secretary of the Llangyndeyrn Defence Committee, a committee established in a public meeting on 23 March 1960. The fight would continue for the next five years.

Note

'Roedd y Parchedig William Merfyn Rees, brodor o Aberdâr, yn genedlaetholwr, yn heddychwr ac yn ymgyrchydd brwd, a oedd, yn ystod cyfnod y frwydr i achub ei gymuned, yn weinidog y Bedyddwyr yn Llangyndeyrn a Phontyberem. Ar glawr ôl ei gyfrol Sefyll yn y Bwlch: Brwydr Llangyndeyrn 1960-1965 (gol. Hywel Gealy Rees) (Y Lolfa, 2013), dywedir amdano: 'Dylanwadwyd arno gan ddulliau gwrthwynebu di-drais Gandhi a Martin Luther King ac felly roedd yn ddewis naturiol i fod yn Ysgrifennydd Pwyllgor Amddiffyn Llangyndeyrn'. Bu farw ym 1977.

= The Reverend William Merfyn Rees, a native of Aberdâr, was a nationalist, a pacifist and a staunch campaigner, and served as Baptist minister at Llangyndeyrn and the nearby village of Pontyberem during the period of the 'fight for victory'. On the back cover of his book Sefyll yn y Bwlch: Brwydr Llangyndeyrn 1960-1965 (ed. Hywel Gealy Rees) (Y Lolfa, 2013), it is said of him that 'he was influenced by the non-violent protest methods of Gandhi and Martin Luther King and was therefore a natural choice as secretary of the Llangyndeyrn Defence Committee' [translated]. He died in 1977.

Note

Addysgwyd Hywel Gealy Rees yng Ngholeg Prifysgol Cymru Abertawe. Bu'n gweithio fel Swyddog Gwybodaeth Cynorthwyol gyda'r BBC cyn ei benodi'n Bennaeth Gwybodaeth cyntaf Amgueddfa Genedlaethol Cymru. Mae'n fab i'r Parchedig W. M. Rees, ysgrifennydd Pwyllgor Amddiffyn Llangyndeyrn yn ystod cyfnod y frwydr i wrthwynebu cais Corfforaeth Abertawe i greu cronfa ddŵr yng Nghwm Gwendraeth Fach.
= Hywel Gealy Rees was educated at Swansea University College. He worked as Assistant Information Officer with the BBC before being appointed the National Museum of Wales' first Head of Information. He is the son of the Reverend W. M. Rees, who was secretary of the Llangyndeyrn Defence Committee during their successful battle against Swansea Corporation's bid to transform the Gwendraeth Valley into a reservoir.

Alternative identifier(s)

Alma system control number

993492810202419

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Description identifier

Institution identifier

WlAbNL

Rules and/or conventions used

Mae'r disgrifiad yn dilyn canllawiau LlGC yn seiliedig ar ISAD(G) 2ail arg.; AACR2; RDA NACO; a LCSH. = Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; RDA NACO; and LCSH.

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Dates of creation revision deletion

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Archivist's note

Lluniwyd y disgrifiad gan Bethan Ifan, Tachwedd 2022. Defnyddwyd y ffynhonellau canlynol wrth lunio'r disgrifiad: deunydd o ffynonellau uniongyrchol; ffwythiannau chwilio arlein. = Description compiled by Bethan Ifan, November 2022. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: primary source material; online search engines.

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