Sub-fonds H - Llangors (Breconshire), Abernantbychan, Llangathen and the Priory, Cardigan : estate papers and title deeds

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Llangors (Breconshire), Abernantbychan, Llangathen and the Priory, Cardigan : estate papers and title deeds


  • 1416-1918, [1918x1946] (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

14 vols, 98 bundles, 5 folders, 49 envelopes, 9 loose items

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Scope and content

This group represents the deeds and papers, 1428-1788, described in a schedule compiled in 1828 by the Aberystwyth attorney William Jones, with other additions of deeds and estate papers which have been deemed relevant. The William Jones schedule lists deeds and papers once kept at Buscot Park. relating mainly to the estates of the Lewes family of Abernantbychan. These comprised an estate in Llangors and Llanfihangel Nant Bran, Breconshire, the Abernantbychan and Coedmor estates in south Cardiganshire, and lands in Pembrokeshire which had been accumulated in the seventeenth century by Nicholas Lewes of Hean Castle. The estates were acquired by Walter Pryse after the death of George Lewis Langton in 1738. The main groups described in this current catalogue are the Breconshire estate papers and title deeds, 1488-1826; and Abernantbychan estate papers and title deeds, 1416-1918, [1918x1946], which include records of the coal mining industry in Pembrokeshire during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Edward Loveden Loveden’s purchase from the Peterwell estate in 1780 appears to have been managed with the other south Cardiganshire properties belonging to Gogerddan. There is also a small groups of deeds and documents relating to an estate in Llangathen, Carmarthenshire, and the Priory at Cardigan, 1428x[1774].
The contents of the bundles described by William Jones are quite diverse so researchers may need to consult several files to discover documents relating to the same property or subject.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

The papers are arranged roughly into the same groups as the William Jones schedule, namely Breconshire first, then Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire (Abernantbychan, with the addition of other relevant files. Cardigan Priory and Llangathen deeds.have also been added to this section. Bundles which formed part of the BRA deposit have been retained as discrete files within the archival structure.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to abide by the conditions set out in information provided when applying for their Readers' Tickets, whereby the reader shall become responsible for compliance with the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation 2018 in relation to any processing by them of personal data obtained from modern records held at the Library. = Disgwylir i ddarllenwyr sydd am ddefnyddio papurau modern yn Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru gydymffurfio â Deddf Warchod Data 2018 a Rheoliadau Diogelu Data Cyffredinol 2018 yng nghyd-destun unrhyw brosesu ganddynt o ddata personol a gasglwyd o gofnodion modern sydd ar gadw yn y Llyfrgell. Nodir y manylion yn yr wybodaeth a roddir wrth wneud cais am Docyn Darllen.

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Finding aids

William Jones schedule, Gogerddan ref. GAA1/5

Generated finding aid

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Other papers relating to the Lewes family of Abernantbychan are in NLW Noyadd Trefawr estate papers

Related descriptions

Publication note

Huws, Daniel, ‘The Lewes family of Abernantbychan’ in Ceredigion 1969, pp. 151-167.

Notes area


The heading 'Breconshire' has been used in preference to 'Llangors' since the Breconshire estates also lay in other parishes. Original documents almost invariably refer to lands in the county of Brecon, rather than naming them colectively as 'the Llangors estate'


The Abernantbychan heading covers the estates in both Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire. The Priory estate has been added, since some of the deeds indicate links between the Philipps family of the Priory and Lewes of Abernantbychan, prior to the purchase by Gogerddan in 1705. There is also a possiblity that unidentified Priory deeds were inadvertently filed with Abernantbychan, since both of those estates owned lands in the town of Cardigan.


Endorsements: many of the dates and some of the entries listed by William Jones are incorrect.


The spelling of the surname Lewes is variable, generally following the spelling in the original documents.


A new numbering system has been applied, to incorporate the additional material. The references allocated by William Jones have been noted where possible. Other PL and P numbers allocated by the estate, and previous NLW numbers have also been noted.

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Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

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