File 1962 - Confirmation by king John of a grant of 'Dunwallesland' near Abergavenny

Identity area

Reference code

1962

Title

Confirmation by king John of a grant of 'Dunwallesland' near Abergavenny

Date(s)

  • 5 December 1209 (Creation)

Level of description

File

Extent and medium

1 f. ; parchment ; 210 (+41) x 230 mm.

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Archival history

The Library acquired the manuscript at auction from the Schøyen Collection of London and Oslo, which had purchased it at Sotheby's on 21 June 1994. The charter had previously been owned by Richard Henry Wood (1820-1908), FSA, of Penrhos House, Rugby. Its earlier provenance is unclear, but its authenticity is assured by internal diplomatic evidence, notably the verified hand of a known contemporary Chancery scribe.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Purchased by NLW at Bloomsbury Auctions, 7 December 2021.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Charter of king John, 5 December 11 John [1209], confirming the grant of an estate called 'Dunwallesland' ['Dyfnwal's land'] near Abergavenny, with all its woods, fields, paths, waters, mills, fishponds and so on, to Philip, son of Wastellion, to be held of the king and his heirs on the same terms as Philip’s father, Wastellion, had held it of William de Braose, including the service of one knight at Abergavenny castle. Issued on the king’s behalf by Robert de Vieuxpont at St Briavels, [Gloucestershire], and attested by twelve witnesses, notably William de Aubigny, earl of Arundel ('Will[el]mo Comite Arundell'), Robert de Thornham ('Rob[er]to de Turneha[m]'), Hugh de Neville ('Hugon[e] de Neuill') and Cadwallon ab Ifor ('Cadewallan filio Iuor' [of Senghennydd]).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

Latin.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Single folio document on 15 long lines in a fine and professional English Romanesque secretarial hand, with long and tall ascenders that lean to the left, one penwork decorated capital 'Q'. There are remnants of the seal-tag (John's great seal being wanting), some folds and small stains, and two small natural flaws in the vellum, but otherwise the document is in excellent condition.

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

A photograph of this charter was deposited in the National Library of Wales after the Sotheby's auction in 1994, and it is now NLW Facs 743 (https://archives.library.wales/index.php/charter-of-dunwallesland).

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Publication note

D. J. Moore, 'Abergavenny and Dunwallesland: a 1209 charter of king John' in The Monmouthshire Antiquary: Proceedings of the Monmouthshire Antiquarian Association XXXVII (2022), 5-13; an offprint of this article is kept with the deed.

Notes area

Note

Preferred citation: NLW Deed 1962.

Formerly Schøyen Collection of London and Oslo MS 1857.

Note

The Schøyen call number ‘MS 1857’ is in pencil at the bottom right on the fold, and repeated on the dorse, and there are two other endorsements: ‘A tenure to the Castell of Aburgaueny xi Joh[annis]’ in a 17th-century hand; and ‘Dec. 5. 1210 – 11o Joh[ann]is’ [sic] in a 19th-century hand.

Note

No enrolment of this charter survives.

Note

Title based on contents.

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

NLW Deed 1962

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used

Description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; RDA NACO; and LCSH

Status

Draft

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

August 2022

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Bloomsbury Auctions sale catalogue, 7 December 2021 (Lot 39); D. J. Moore, 'Abergavenny and Dunwallesland: a 1209 charter of king John' in The Monmouthshire Antiquary: Proceedings of the Monmouthshire Antiquarian Association XXXVII (2022); information within the charter.

Archivist's note

Compiled by David Moore.

Accession area

Related genres

Related places

Physical storage

  • Text: NLW Deed 1962